• Theorising infrastructure: a politics of spaces and edges

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Policy Press, 2019)
      As a growing number of authors demonstrate, ‘infrastructure is never neutral and always inherently political’ (Nolte 2016: 441, compare McFarlane and Rutherford 2008; Young and Keil 2009). Infrastructures of all types, whether hard (as in material structures) or soft (as in skills and knowledge) are those systems that support action. Infrastructures both provide the potential for social actions and processes and are produced by social actions and processes. In creating potential, however, infrastructures inevitably also order and govern the actions they make possible (Koglin 2017). Infrastructures organise and shape potentials, providing for some courses of action and not for others. The mechanism of ordering and governing is one of facilitation – infrastructural provision being the provision of material facilities or the facilitation of actions through social development. While certain actions are facilitated by both kinds of infrastructure, actions and practices that fall outside of its desired outcomes are rendered unruly, ungoverned, perhaps even ungovernable and deviant. Consequently, material infrastructures are not only comprised of their material dimension but also operate on discursive levels. Infrastructure’s multiple dimensions and impacts can be traced, according to Picon (2018: 263), as ‘the result of the interactions between a material basis, professional organizations and stabilized sociotechnical practices, and social imagination’. These interactions, and the constitution of those actants, are ably traced in individual chapters elsewhere in this volume. This chapter seeks to engage with a selected range of current theorisations of the politics of infrastructure, and to apply them to specific cases of cycle-specific infrastructures. It subsequently relates the ideas of social and spatial justice arising from these perspectives to bell hooks consideration of marginalisation, to consider how the patterns of marginalisation and mainstreaming revealed in the contributions to this volume might be understood through a lens of a critical and radical politics.
    • Theorizing community care: From disciplinary power to governmentality to personal care

      Powell, Jason; Coventry University (NOVA Publishers, 2014)
      This book examines discourses on community care construct older people's experiences and their identities and the dystopian implications for older people. The book introduces governmentality and the possibilities through social policy for older people and examines the emergence of personal care and the implications for personalization and tailored care services for older people.
    • Theorizing Gerontology: The Case of Old Age, Professional Power, and Social Policy in the United Kingdom

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Springer Verlag, 2001-09-20)
      This article examines the interrelationship between old age, professional power, and social policy. In particular, dominant theoretical models in social gerontology are reviewed and an alternative framework for understanding social gerontological issues—Foucauldian gerontology—is advanced. Foucauldian narratives are employed to delineate the historical relationship between professional social work and recent social policy for older people in the United Kingdom. In addition, a Foucauldian framework employed to examine identity formation, professional practices, and policy narratives enriches and widens the disciplinary subject matter of theorizing aging studies. The structure of this article is in three parts: review of theories of aging with an introduction of Foucault's potential contribution to gerontological analysis, the historical overview of the instigation of professional intervention in modernity and the changing roles and responsibilities in relation to older people utilizing Foucault's (1977) genealogical method, and the exploration and application of Foucault's key notion of governmentality (1977; Rose & Miller, 1992) in the analysis of social policy for older people.
    • Theorizing in Social Gerontology: The Raison D'etre

      Powell, Jason; Hendricks, Joe; University of Chester; Oregon State University (Emerald, 2009-07-08)
      The purpose of this paper is to contextualise the need for a social theory of ageing. For a long time, social gerontology has been accused of being “data rich but theory poor”. The paper reviews this and maps out the importance of research themes of social theory and sets the scene for the articles that have used social theory in an innovative way to shed light on international experiences of ageing.
    • Theorizing Trauma: A New and Critical Understanding

      Powell, Jason; Taylor, Paul J.; University of Chester (Routledge, 2017-01-24)
      This chapter examines a multitude of theoretical positions that can be applied to a critical understanding trauma
    • The Third Sector in the Global Economic Recession

      Powell, Jason; Chen, Sheying; University of Chester; Pace University (Emerald, 2016-07)
      This special issue puts the social policy spotlight on the third sector and the global economic recession. The array of seven papers explores this inter-relationship and levels of impact on different nation states across the world. Since 2008 to the present and given the complex nature of the world in which we live the economic crises has had a lasting legacy. The articles presented give intimation to the complexity of the crises and impact at differential levels within the nation state, the nation state itself, the European Union and global arena.
    • “This is a question we have to ask everyone”: asking young people about self-harm and suicide

      O’Reilly, Michelle; Kiyimba, Nikki; Karim, Khalid; University of Chester; Leicester University (Wiley, 2016-08-08)
      Introduction: Questions about self-harm and suicide are essential in risk assessments with children and young people, yet little is known about how mental health practitioners do this. Aim: The core aim was to examine how questions about self-harm and suicidal ideation are asked in real-world practice. Method: A qualitative design was employed to analyse 28 video-recorded naturally occurring mental health assessments in a child and adolescent mental health service. Data were analysed using conversation analysis (CA). Results: In 13 cases young people were asked about self-harm and suicide, but 15 were not. Analysis revealed how practitioners asked these questions. Two main styles were revealed. First was an incremental approach, beginning with inquiries about emotions and behaviours, building to asking about self-harm and suicidal intent. Second was to externalize the question as being required by outside agencies. Discussion: The study concluded that the design of risk questions to young people had implications for how open they were to engaging with the practitioner. Implications for practice: The study has implications for training and practice for psychiatric nurses and other mental health practitioners in feeling more confident in communicating with young people about self-harm and suicidal ideation.
    • Toward A Structured, Tri-Domain Model Of Companioning In Christian Formation By Pastoral Agents In A Congregational Setting: A Preliminary Report On An International Research Project.

      Pembroke, Neil; Coyle, Suzanne; Gear, Janet; Gubi, Peter M.; Kelly, Ewan; Louw, Daniel; McMillan, Lex; Niven, Alan; Thierfelder, Constanze; Schmidt, William; et al. (2018-06)
      A preliminary report is presented by an international project team working on developing a model for a structured and holistic approach to companioning parishioners in the journey of formation in the Christian life. A holistic model involves working in three domains: positive psychology, spirituality, and personal and social ethics. Structure is provided by utilizing four self-assessment instruments to inform the work the pastor and the parishioner do together.
    • Towards a better understanding of bicycles as transport

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Routledge, 2015-03-04)
      The bicycle is the most numerous vehicle on the planet, but it is not, and has not always been used as practical transport. Indeed, in its early years, it was almost exclusively a sporting and leisure item for the bourgeoisie. Historical studies have hitherto tended to concentrate on particular uses or national contexts and chronicled, rather than analyzed, transitions from one pattern of use to another. Taking a comparative approach, this chapter addresses the change of bicycle use from elite plaything to mass transport in the first half of the twentieth century, by. It takes a number of different national narratives and, by exploring the mechanisms of social, economic and political forces affecting cycle use, questions assumptions that the changing historical fortunes of the bicycle are technologically determined or in any way inevitable. The use of the bicycle as mass transport (or not) is demonstrated as contingent upon a broad range of other factors, including the presence of other transport modes, road use, social class relations, and political will. In light of current bicycle promotion policies, such factors may be once again prove to be important.
    • Towards a globalization of aging

      Powell, Jason; Coventry University (University of Alberta, 2014-06)
      This article locates an understanding of comparative grounding of aging through the theory of globalization.
    • Trauma and Spiritual Growth

      Kiyimba, Nikki; University of Chester (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2017-04-21)
      This chapter explores how trauma impacts one’s sense of the spiritual, and examines the concept of post-traumatic spiritual growth
    • Trust, Risk, Health and Aging in Asia: A New Philosophy

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Lupine Publishers, 2018-09-10)
      This paper reviews the important of trust and risk in relation to healthcare in Asia.
    • “Trust”, professional power and social theory: Lessons from a post‐Foucauldian framework

      Powell, Jason; Owen, Tim; University of Chester; UCLan (Emerald, 2006-03-01)
      The findings illustrate that the concept of “trust” and relationship to health services can be understood through a post‐Foucauldian lens.
    • The UK Welfare State System: With Special Reference to the Mental Health Care System

      Taylor, Paul J.; Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Routledge, 2017-01-13)
      This chapter explores the welfare state in the United Kingdom. We critically review its historiography, major institutions and contemporary issues relating to its sustainability. We draw out one feature of the welfare state via an in depth case study: its mental health care system focusing from the legacy of Thatcherism to the present.
    • Unconventional in all respects: same-sex, married and living apart together

      Pratesi, Alessandro; University of Chester (2016-06)
      New, emerging forms of relationships, intimacies and care represent some of the most important challenges facing individuals, society and public policy today. Increasingly, due to work-related geographical mobility, several families and partners live separately and are forced, as such, to entwine love and care relationships at a distance. How far are alternative family models and non-conventional partnering—such as ‘living apart together’ (LAT) couples, same sex couples, solo living persons, or indeed relations ‘beyond the family’, such as friendship—seen as equally valid and entitled? What are their multiple challenges, opportunities and implications? Long distance relationships and caring at a distance may be connected with emotional and psychological exhaustion but also gratification, reward and empowerment; above all, they possess important implications in terms of social justice, equality and citizenship. The expression ‘world families’ (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2014) includes a heterogeneous and tension-filled set of social actors who share in common the potentiality to bridge traditional distinctions between public and private, centre and periphery, national and international, able-bodied and physically/cognitively impaired, heterosexual and homosexual, bypassing dichotomous ideas of inclusion/exclusion which typically characterise the concept of citizenship. This concept resonates with the notion of ‘cultural rights’ described by Pakulski (1997) in terms of a new set of claims including the right to symbolic presence and visibility vs. marginalisation; the right to dignifying representation vs. stigmatisation; and the right to affirmation and propagation of identity vs. assimilation. Among the numerous issues concerning the need to provide different social actors with fair and adequate responses, James (2014) emphasises that of the social and ethical framing of the problem, which requires going beyond unilateral, inflexible and value-neutral definitions of entitlement to rights. More specifically, the author suggests the necessity to ground the ethics of rights to an ethics of care through which fundamental questions of difference/identity, inclusion/exclusion, and mobility/belonging are negotiated. This requires shifting the focus upon the micro level of analysis and looking at the spaces where the situated actions and interactions occur; at the ways, in other words, in which people constantly construct and negotiate their sense of entitlement and belonging. Drawing on recent work on families, relationships, intimacies and caring for distant others and contextualising it within the specific and still unexplored context of LAT same-sex couples, this paper examines the moral, sociological and institutional geographies of these less visible chains of care and affection and their unequally entitled rights and visibility. The literature review of the current state-of-the-art is empirically grounded on self-ethnographic work analysing and discussing the case of a same-sex, transnational, LAT married couple.
    • Unconventional relationships, positive marginalities and citizenship

      Pratesi, Alessandro; University of Chester (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, 2018-07)
      Long distance relationships and caring at a distance may be connected with emotional and psychological exhaustion but also gratification, reward and empowerment; above all, they possess important implications in terms of social justice, equality and citizenship. The expression ‘world families’ (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2014) includes a heterogeneous and tension-filled set of social actors who have in common the potential to bridge traditional distinctions between public and private, centre and periphery, national and international, able-bodied and physically/cognitively impaired, heterosexual and homosexual, bypassing dichotomous ideas of inclusion/exclusion which typically characterise the concept of citizenship. These families represent a group of very different social actors, including couples of mixed cultures and ethnicities, low-paid migrant workers, skilled migrant workers, asylum seekers, refugees, distant families, etc. who challenge our culturally homogenous understanding of family and society and are defined therefore as ‘pioneers of cosmopolitanism’ and cultural diversity. Drawing on recent work on families, relationships, intimacies and caring for distant others and contextualising it within the specific and still unexplored context of Living Apart Together (LAT) same-sex couples, this article examines the moral, sociological and institutional geographies of these less visible chains of care and affection and their unequally entitled rights and visibility. The literature review is combined with auto-ethnographic work analysing and discussing the case of a married, same-sex, transnational, Living Apart Together (LAT) couple. This article suggests that by looking at what happens at the level of emotion-based, micro-situated interactions we can get some crucial insights into the changing nature of families, intimacies and relationships and their multiple implications in terms of social inclusion, entitlement to rights/citizenship and social change. It is a form of relational, emotion-based and micro-situated social inclusion and entitlement to rights/citizenship which is occurring, on a daily basis, in the interstices of people’s interactions even when such change still meets several obstacles at the structural, political and institutional level.
    • Understanding Aging

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Nova Science Publishers, 2013-05-19)
      An examination of major theories of ageing and relevance to social policy and professional practice.
    • Understanding Illness, Crisis and Loss

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Sage, 2014-07-01)
      This issue of the Journal brings together a number of important articles on illness, crisis, and loss. This issue shines light on illness, crisis, and loss as central forces shaping our personal experiences, social life, and order. The articles all, in one way or another, draw on various disciplines relating to education, sociology, philosophy, and psychology to provide different perspectives on the interrelationships of illness, crisis, and loss, showing how they contribute to social change and how the meanings of illness, crisis, and loss are generated to serve social functions but used to make sense of personal narratives in contemporary society.
    • Understanding old age and victimisation: a critical exploration

      Powell, Jason; Wahidin, Azrini; University of Chester; Nottingham Trent University (Emerald, 2008-06-14)
      The purpose of paper is to shine light on the under‐theorised relationship between old age and victmisation. In classical criminological studies, the relationship between “age”, victimisation and crime has been dominated by analysis of younger people's experiences. This paper aims to address this knowledge deficit by exploring older people's experiences by linking it to the social construction of vulnerability.
    • Understanding risk and old age in western society

      Powell, Jason; Wahidin, Azrini; Zinn, Jens; University of Chester; Kent University; Kent University (Emerald, 2007-01-05)
      The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of “risk” in relation to old age. Part of this reflexive response to understanding risk and old age is the importance of recognising self‐subjective dimensions of trust, biographical knowledge and resources.