• Safe and independent at home: Older people, technology and activity monitoring.

      Pratesi, Alessandro; Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) (2011-06)
      NA
    • Science, technology and innovation promotion: An alternative and new strategy for youth empowerment for Africa's development

      Olaopa, Olawale; Uzodike, Nwabufo; Siyanbola, Willie; Francis, Suzanne; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Obafemi Awolowo (Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization, 2013)
      This chapter explores the promotion of science, technology and innovation as a new and alternative strategy of youth empowerment for Africa's development.
    • SDG3 Good Health and Well-Being: Integration and connection with other SDGs

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Springer, 2019-10-01)
      Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3) pledges to ‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’ (UN, 2015a). Health is affected by multitude of factors, inherent to each individual but also dependent on environmental and economic circumstances. This piece of work will look at the connection between SDG3 and other SDGs without being exhaustive, but trying to focus on those more directly related. As such, special attention will be given to SDG2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture, also connected to SDG12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; SDG4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all; SDG5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls; SDG6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; and finally, SDG10: Reduce inequality within and among countries.
    • A second order medium? the Internet as a source of electoral information in 25 European countries

      Lusoli, Wainer (Ios Press, 2005)
      This article discusses use of the internet by EU nationals in gathering electoral information relating to the 2004 European Parliamentary elections.
    • Selected themes in African Development Studies: Economic growth, governance and the environment

      Francis, Suzanne; Asuelime, Lucky; Yaro, Joseph; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Ghana (Springer / Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-07-01)
      A growing number of scholars acknowledge the interconnectedness of the myriad of problems and prospects across Africa as a relevant part of a global development discourse. Given the ever-increasing importance of knowledge for the scholarly agenda and practice of African Studies, we present a picture of contemporary issues in African development. This work presents a multi-disciplinary deeply contextual text on the important themes in development studies covering land questions, housing, water, health, economic liberalization, climate, environment, and gender. Though Africa’s problems transcend these basic sector issues, they still remain at the core of development concerns given the fact that many in Africa are food insecure, have poor access to health, water, housing, and are increasingly affected by global environmental change and global neoliberal economic policies. These themes are a microcosm in the general understanding and study of global development issues that confront humanity. This contribution, it is hoped will lead to new novel analytical frameworks, the emergence of new conceptual approaches, and empirical accounts of relevance to scholars studying Africa as well as practitioners in African development.
    • Selected Themes in African Political Studies: Political Conflict and Stability

      Francis, Suzanne; Asuelime, Lucky; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Lagos (Springer / Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-08-19)
      Africa has a long, and contemporary, record of political instability. Any political history of the continent of Africa is incomplete without contextual accounts of these exchanges; that is, processes in which governments are over-thrown, borders are shifted, countless human lives lost, property and infrastructure worth millions irreplaceably damaged, the forced displacement of untold numbers of people, and economic meltdown. In this book, the authors explore a range of political and conflict situations, discuss efforts to develop indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms and consider some of the key political and economic issues facing the continent.
    • Self-harm and suicide

      Reeves, Andrew; Taylor, Paul J.; University of Chester (Sage Publications, 2017-06-02)
      This chapter considers contemporary perspectives of self-harm and suicide and how they are often contextualized within a medicalised construct. It challenges this position and instead offers an alternative perspective, together with good practice parameters.
    • Senses Matter: A Sensory Ethnography of Urban Cycling

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Springer, 2017-10-26)
      In recent research I have been considering the question, “how do people ride in the city, when bicycling is a mundane phenomenon?” The core of this investigation builds on a discussion between the contributors to Cycling Cultures (Cox 2015) seeking to understand everyday practices and to evaluate appropriate methods for doing so. I wanted to explore in particular how important the physical spaces in which people ride are for the ways in which people ride. As sensory beings, our sensory experiences should have an important impact upon our choices and behaviours at a collective, as well as individual level. My working hypothesis was that they are very important but problematic to measure in any meaningful way.
    • Sensory ethnography and film interpretation: sociological readings of historical archives

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Routledge, 2019-06-19)
      Recent work in sensory ethnography, especially as applied to the study of mobilities makes extensive use of video recording as a means of making field notes. A body of literature has built up around these mobile methodologies and the practices of interpretation connected with using this data. Drawing on these approaches to mobile methods and visual research the author undertook a six month study to explore the sensory experiences of cycle riders as urban (and peri-urban) travellers. At the same time, investigations were undertaken using conventional analyses of photographic and written archive materials to locate current practices in historical contexts. During the course of this investigation it became clear that there were also film documentary sources that could inform this research. This then raised a question as to whether existing historical film sources could be “read” and interpreted using the same analytical frameworks deployed for the interpretation of the video field notes captured in the investigation of sensory experiences. This chapter outlines the methodological procedures involved in the analysis and the result of initial attempts to deploy these in relation to historical sources. By connecting approaches developed in the context of digital recording of mobile experience to extant analogue film sources it considers whether such connections can enable a richer understanding of historical mobile subjects. While visual analysis suggests that film-makers’ intentions, especially in framing and editing their subject matter, are always inescapable, interpretative practices applied to digital recordings of public space today suggest there may be value in considering incidental “background” mobilities in historical documentary film and incidentally explains how a critical sociologist comes to be developing historical research tools.
    • Sensory ethnography and the cycling body: Challenges of research and communication

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2015-07-10)
      Recent interest in sensory ethnography has challenged ethnographers to extend their attention beyond the visual and into the full sensory world. This paper reports on the experiences of a six-month research project exploring the sensory world of cycle users in and around Munich. It explores two contrasting but complimentary sets of urban journeys, one constrained by streetscapes, and one by greenways and urban parks. The conscious employment of a sensory studies approach assists the researcher to consider how the processes of cycling involve a whole body sensory experience. It also questions the adequacy of the western sensory five-sense construct, which is generally limited to external sensory input and lacks clear articulation of the intra-bodily senses of muscle feel, fatigues and stress. Thus, it begins to unpack the complex of elements subsumed within the general heading of kineaesthetics in recent studies of cycling and walking. Combining visual ethnography - using filmed journeying - with GPS and biometric data, (heart rates and power measurement), more commonly associated with sports training and analysis, provides a different view of the embodied journeying even at a mundane level. These ‘objective’ or ‘hard’ data measurements are also mediated through autoethnographic considerations of the subjective feelings and experiences associated with these ‘hard’ data. A conventional written paper is presented with accompanying film - incorporating data overlay - so that the story of a sample (composite) journey can narrate the findings of the research.
    • Sentencing reform and prisoner mental health

      Taylor, Paul J.; Williams, Sian; University of Chester; Cheshire and Wirral Partnership NHS Trust (HM Prison Service of England and Wales / Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, 2014-01)
      Mental illness and distress in prison has been well documented. Indeed research and reports have argued that the number of mental disorders among prisoners is much higher than in the general population. Furthermore, specific evidence linking the prevalence of mental ill health to specific sentences of imprisonment, such as indeterminate sentences for public protection (IPP), open the debate on how best to manage this area of contemporary punishments. The deleterious effects of prison life on mental well-being are, and continue to be, a pressing matter for prison authorities and the staff engaged in the support and treatment of remand and sentenced prisoners. Mental illness in prison is nothing new; rather the existence of what was once termed as ‘lunacy’ and psychiatric symptoms among those detained can be traced to the rise of the early modern prison and the confinement era of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In Britain and elsewhere, as the nineteenth century progressed, society witnessed a ‘separating out’ of criminals, psychiatric patients and those deemed as ‘criminal lunatics’, with purpose built institutions pervading urban and rural areas of the country. However, these developments in confinement did not necessarily mean that mental illness or distress was eradicated from the prison setting, on the contrary; rather this situation is something that continues to be topical in the contemporary era of offender management.
    • Service user suicides and coroner's inquests

      Taylor, Paul J.; Corteen, Karen; Morley, Sharon; University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2013-05-22)
      The expansion of victimology in the 1980s produced a more nuanced understanding of victims and victimisation. Yet responses of government, criminal justice agencies, media and general public to victims are predictably and predominantly focused on victims of ‘conventional crime’. We challenge this perspective, thus widening the victimological lens. We discuss the impact of self-inflicted deaths and subsequent coronial inquests on practitioners working on behalf of the state.
    • Severe personality disorder in the secure estate: continuity and change

      Taylor, Paul J.; University of Chester (SAGE, 2012)
      The Response to Offender Personality Disorder Consultation was released in October 2011. For some this is a welcome step in the right direction due to its therapeutic optimism, however for practitioners operating in the secure estate there are significant challenges ahead. This aim of this article is to discuss the increasing convergence of health and criminal justice and their inherent ideological and practical difficulties. It does so with reference to the consultation on offender personality disorder pathways and in particular the implications regarding multi-disciplinary and cross agency approaches to risk, public protection and personality disorder respectfully. It concludes that before embarking on a new wave of determining and responding to those with personality disorder, offender or otherwise, a more in-depth and empirically informed critical reflection is warranted.
    • Sexual consumption within sexual labour: producing and consuming erotic texts and sexual commodities

      Wood, Rachel; University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2015-09-07)
      This paper explores the various connections between two particularly feminized fields of sexual culture – erotic fiction and sex toys – through an examination of the accounts of five UK women who are both readers and writers (or producers) of erotic fiction. The qualitative data evidence, first, a network of production and consumption across the fields of erotica and sex toys, and, second, the formulation of erotica writing/producing as a form of implicit sex work in which sexual commodities are mobilized. Analysis is divided into three themes: ‘informing sexual knowledge’, in which the educative function of erotica is examined, particularly around sex-toy use; ‘mobilizing sexual experiences’, in which I argue that writing erotica involves mobilizing one's body and sexual experience to add value to the product; and ‘managing emotional risks’, in which the emotion, identity and boundary management strategies particular to this form of implicit sexual labour are examined.
    • ‘She needs a smack in the gob’: negotiating what is appropriate talk in front of children in family therapy

      O'Reilly, Michelle; Parker, Nicola; University of Leicester; Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Foundation Trust Spring Road Centre (Wiley, 2012-06-11)
      Tackling the day-to-day challenges of family therapy can prove difficult for professionals. A particular issue arising in family therapy is the notion of what is appropriate for children. Families report events from their social world, out-there to the therapy in-here. There are occasions where the content is ‘adult’ in nature and this has to be managed in front of the children. On some occasions family members use derogatory or negative descriptions of their children while their children are present. Drawing upon naturally occurring family therapy sessions, we present a discourse analysis of how this is managed through a range of discursive resources. We show that adult family members construct what is inappropriate for children to be exposed to by positioning blame with others. This has implications for how family therapists deal with inappropriateness when children are present while maintaining the equilibrium of therapeutic alliances.
    • Silenced voices: Why some people matter and some do not

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2013-10-18)
    • Situating Social Theory

      May, Tim; Powell, Jason; Tim May (University of Salford) and Jason L. Powell (University of Chester) (McGraw-Hill, 2008)
    • Skin picking - how can we heal our scars?

      Devonald, Julie; University of Chester (BACP, 2016-10)
      Counsellor Julie Devonald describes her research into dermatillomania (skin picking), starting with her own experience. She looks at the causes, effects and possible treatments, including what therapists can do to help.
    • The slowly simmering frog: Notes on pre-Fascism and globalisation

      Bendall, Mark J.; University of Chester (Chester Academic Press, 2007)
      This book chapter discusses how and why the USA has attempted to manage globalisation. It asseses whether US habits, in an era of globalisation, has become fascistic.
    • A Smart Distress Monitor for independent living

      Pratesi, Alessandro; Sixsmith, Judith; Hollock, S.; Johnson, Neil; Smart, F. (2010)
      UK Government figures predict that the number of people over 65 in the UK will grow from 9m to 17m, and the number of over 85s will triple, by 2051. The number of people suffering from long term illnesses will increase by over 10% by 2020. As a major portion of hospital beds in the UK are already occupied by elderly people with fall related problems, this is a major problem. Similar, or greater, levels of growth are being predicted by countries in all parts of the world. The ability to reliably detect that a fall or other event causing distress has occurred will have a direct impact on hospital bed occupancy, as the time on the floor after a fall relates directly to the number of days spent in hospital. In this paper, we describe an affordable and accessible automatic monitoring and alert system to detect and locate vulnerable people when in need of assistance - in real time and without the need for positive action on their part. Being deployed in all private houses, nursing homes and hospitals, this user driven product, will make a significant contribution to the goal of helping the elderly, frail and infirm to retain their independence for as long as possible. Invasion of privacy will not be an issue because of the non-intrusive nature of the infrared technology. Method The Smart Distress Monitor operates by tracking and monitoring an individual as he or she moves through a space, from room to room, detecting both falls and unusual behaviour through observation of activity or inactivity. The system is based on the unique Irisys, low resolution, infrared array technology, which can reliably locate and track a subject within it’s field of view and provide location, size, and velocity information, allowing the status of a vulnerable individual to be analysed more rapidly and effectively than has hitherto been possible by any other approach. The system’s principle mode of operation is to monitor target inactivity and compare it with a map of acceptable periods of inactivity in different locations in the field of view. Results & Discussion The Smart Distress Monitor offers to provide a step change in performance over current assistive technology, which is generally based on devices which must be worn, or on single element PIR devices or other sensors such as pressure pads. Being both low resolution and infrared, there are no ethical barriers to the use of the Irisys technology in this application, as images appear as ‘blobs’; this is in direct contrast to the only realistic alternative technology - CCTV systems which are intrinsically intrusive and ethically unacceptable.