• The paradoxes of cyclotourism: Constructing and consuming nature

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2013-08-14)
      As an archetypal form of low carbon footprint travel, bicycle tourism appears on the surface to be an ideal candidate for sustainable tourism. Taking a longer historical view, however, one begins to become aware of complex paradoxes emerging from cyclotourist practices. Examination of cyclotourists’ own writings shows how nature and the natural have been successively constructed as an object of discourse. Two themes are of especial interest in this study. First, a discourse of wilderness and otherness is apparent as a key theme reinvented in differing forms by successive generations of riders and writers. Second, there is a parallel discourse of domestication at work in which nature and the natural become tamed and part of the human. Although apparently contradictory, these two themes are deeply intertwined in the literature: the cyclotourist is simultaneously both apart from the landscape and yet belongs in it. Further, the relationship between rider and the spaces ridden has had consequences in terms of the built environment as cyclists pioneered road improvements, transforming the object of their narrative. The paper draws principally on archival material from The Cyclists’ Touring Club (CTC) in the UK (founded 1878) to explore changing constructions of, and attitudes toward, ‘nature’. It chronicles changing attitudes and it analyses the production and reproduction of discourses and maps their transformation through the 20th century. In conclusion it also points to the ambiguities and contradictions inherent in contemporary cyclotourist practices as these have become much more closely enmeshed in the fossil fuel economy through changes in modes of activity.
    • Parents’ resistance of anticipated blame through alignment strategies: a discursive argument for temporary exclusion of children from family therapy.

      Kiyimba, Nikki; O'Reilly, Michelle; University of Chester; University of Leicester (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015-09-02)
      In this chapter, we utilise a discourse perspective to explore ways in which parents manage therapeutic alignment in family therapy. As therapy is an activity which relies heavily on the use of language (McLeod, 2001), we use a language-based analytic approach to explore child mental health, particularly as discourse analysis is most appropriate for looking at family therapy processes (Roy-Chowdhury, 2003). In this chapter, we present a case for the deliberate temporary exclusion of children in the initial stages of a series of therapeutic sessions. The purpose of this temporary exclusion is to provide opportunities for therapists to engage in active solution-focused alignment with parents in order to provide a foundation and set boundaries for later work with the whole family. We also argue that while this initial session with parents is taking place, the child could be otherwise engaged in a session of their own so that the child’s perspective and expectations are also managed effectively.
    • Participatory design for future care related technologies: lessons from the Smart Distress Monitor Project

      Pratesi, Alessandro; Sixsmith, Judith; Woolrych, Ryan (Universidad Iberoamericana Puebla, 2012)
      The impact of care related technology on older people’s health and well-being is growing constantly and at a rapid pace. Participatory approaches to the design and development of care related technology have become increasingly common; however, these approaches have often included older people simply as test participants, rather than co-researchers, in the evaluation of developing technologies. This paper presents a participatory project involving older people in the design and development of an intelligent activity/inactivity monitoring system for domestic environments. In order to be successful, the development of such a system must be viewed less as a technological challenge and more as the creation of an integrated socio-technical system in which technology is functional to the people and organisations involved.
    • Pastoral supervision for clergy and pastoral workers: A personal perspective

      Gubi, Peter M.; University of Chester (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, 2016-07-01)
    • A person-centred approach to breaking the trans-generational cycle of parental rejection

      Clare, Tracey; University of Chester (PCCS Books, 2018-03-31)
      This article uses a case study to explore the concept of self-worth as related to perceived parental rejection in childhood, and the process of becoming a parent oneself.
    • Personalisation Services and Care: The Case of England

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Open Access Text, 2016-05)
      Personalization services are developing in England as a social policy response to user demands for more tailored, effective and flexible forms of health and social care support. This process is being implemented under the personalization which is also seen as a vehicle for promoting service user rights through increasing participation, empowerment and control while also promoting self-surveillance by having users manage the costs of their health and social care., There has been an accelerating interest in the implementation of personalisation policies relying upon a relentless political campaign to legitimise an enforced obligation to care, ie, UK Prime Minister Cameron’s notion of a “Big Society”. The use of personalisation that focus on self-assessment and inspection, can, in this policy and austere climate, become a means of self-surveillance. It is argued that Michel Foucault offers a set of strategies (Foucault 1977: 205) for understanding how the discourses on personalisation construct service users experiences and their identities, as constructed subjects and objects of social policy and managerial knowledge.
    • The philosophical language of death and power

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (2015)
      This article is concerned with understanding the relationship of philosophical languages of death with the social philosophy of Michel Foucault. Foucault’s theoretical tools ‘make sense’ of languages of death in institutions such as care homes. While our responses to death and dying would seem to be very personal and therefore individually determined, they are, in fact, greatly influenced by the beliefs of individuals and “experts” who work in institutions providing care. Therefore, this article not only examines the limitations of bio-medicalized languages of death and dying, but importantly emphasises the importance of Foucault’s conceptual tools to methodologically interrogate how death is managed in institutional care.
    • Place, Space and Identity: The Manifold Experience of Transition In and After the Military

      Albertson, Katherine; Taylor, Paul; Murray, Emma; Sheffield Hallam University; University of Chester; Liverpool John Moores University (SAGE publications, 2019-03-08)
      This special edition of Illness, Crisis and Loss brings together established authors in the field of military and post-military life. It is an invitation to readers to critically consider the experience of those serving in the military, and what post-military life ca look like. Each article encourages readers to develop an intellectual awareness of significant issues facing those who serve in the military, and their careers and identity afterwards. Each taking particular themes as their focus, they provide a rigorously informed critical investigation of military and post-military life. Readers of these articles will be provided with a rich, social theory-informed, approach to military and veteran studies. Transition within and out of the military institution is a substantive focus. In the reader’s engagement with each article, we encourage them to think about how and where transition occurs. What places does it take place in? What spaces does it change or create, and how are identities formed, reimagined, or recrafted by the self or others.
    • Please, just call us parents: engaging with inclusive approaches to research with marginalised communities

      Pratesi, Alessandro; University of Chester (Sense Publishers, 2012-05-25)
    • The pleasure imperative? Reflecting on sexual pleasure’s inclusion in sex education and sexual health settings.

      Wood, Rachel; Hirst, Julia; Wilson, Liz; Burns O'Connell, Georgina; University of Chester, Sheffield Hallam University (Taylor and Francis, 2018-04-30)
      This article offers an empirically grounded contribution to scholarship exploring the ways in which pleasure is ‘put to work’ in sex and sexuality education. Such research has cautioned against framing pleasure as a normative requirement of sexual activity and hence reproducing a ‘pleasure imperative’. This paper draws on interviews with sexual health and education practitioners who engaged with Pleasure Project resources and training between 2007 and 2016. Findings suggest that practitioners tend to understand pleasure within critical frameworks that allow them to avoid normalising and (re)enforcing a pleasure imperative. Accounts also show negotiations with, and strategic deployments of, values surrounding sexual pleasure in society and culture. While some accounts suggest that a pleasure imperative does run the risk of being reproduced by practitioners, notably this is when discussing more ‘contentious’ sexual practices. Interviews also demonstrate that practitioners attempting to implement a pleasure agenda are faced with a range of challenges. While some positive, holistic, and inclusive practice has been afforded by a pleasure approach, we argue that the importance of a critical framework needs to be (re)emphasised. The paper concludes by highlighting areas for further empirical research.
    • Policing the Neoliberal Crisis’: An Introduction to my PhD Research

      White, Holly; Edge Hill University (European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control, 2014-07)
      In ‘Policing the Neoliberal Crisis’ Holly White utilises the theoretical insights of Stuart Hall to explore how neoliberal elites have seized upon the current economic crisis to legitimise an increasingly punitive welfare system and a broader ideological narrative of a ‘ war against the poor’. Drawing upon her experience as a volunteer for the Citizens Advice Bureau, Holly White makes explicit connections between changes in the macro political economy and micro policy developments in the UK concerning homelessness and the ‘Bedroom tax’. As her conclusion indicates, her work is interventionist, focusing upon the current operationalization of neoliberal hegemony and how alternative critical imaginaries and social movements are being either nurtured or suppressed.
    • Political Participation

      Louth, Jonathon; Taylor, Paul J.; University of Adelaide; University of Chester (Policy Press, 2014-10-22)
      This chapter critically debates the access to, or restriction to, political participation across jurisdictions for those incarcerated.
    • Political violence and conflict transformation: The African National Congress - Inkatha Freedom Party peace process in KwaZulu-Natal.

      Francis, Suzanne; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal (Gandhi Peace Foundation, 2010)
      For almost two decades, an unofficial civil war ravaged the Province of KwaZulu-Natal and parts of the Reef in the Province of Gauteng in what became known as black-on-black violence. It is estimated that approximately 20,000 people died, tens of thousands more were injured, and hundreds of thousands were displaced, rendered homeless and transformed into political refugees as a consequence of a conflict involving the African National Congress (ANC) and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP). In this paper I examine the national institutional attempts at peace making that included the ANC and the IFP and I show why they failed to transform the ANC-IFP conflict in KwaZulu-Natal. I claim that the failure of these processes lay in a flawed understanding of the root causes of political violence which included a misunderstanding of the strategy of the ANC. I show how conflict has subsequently been transformed in KwaZulu-Natal, through a party initiated process that included hiding each other’s secrets. The implications of this include the institution of a culture of peace in the province, but one that is threatened by the specific nature of the process that was followed.
    • The politics of care: same-sex parenthood, emotional dynamics and social change.

      Pratesi, Alessandro; University of Chester (2013-10)
      Care is a fundamental component of people’s life, with significant implications in terms of status and power dimensions, social justice, equality and social change. Nevertheless, care related policies tend to be defined in neutral terms, reinforcing inequalities based on gender, class, race/ethnicity, age, able-bodiness and sexual orientation. Moreover, the literature on care tends to be focused on its costs and responsibilities, while less attention is paid to the right to care and its consequences in terms of status inclusion or exclusion. The study here presented aimed at rethinking the phenomenon of care in a broader perspective, by offering a qualitative analysis that also includes non-conventional caregivers. It builds on the findings of an empirical research on informal care conducted in the USA between 2005 and 2007. The theoretical framework draws on those aspects of the Sociology of Emotions that, in explaining how feelings motivate conformity and social stratification, connect micro- and macro-levels, making care, emotion and sexual orientation central to understand how situated interactions reproduce social structure. The phenomenological analysis of the different meanings and implications of care discussed in this paper sheds light into important and yet less visible and still unexplored aspects of care concerning status and power dimensions. More specifically, it highlights the emotional dynamics thorough which informal care can produce unexpected outcomes in terms of status inclusion and self-empowerment. The implications of more inclusive approaches to Care are crucially important for current debates within social sciences. Situating the debate on same-sex parenthood within the context of care allows us to reframe the discourse on care and reduce the inequalities traditionally connected to this fundamental activity; but it also allows to overcome the misleading dualism between marginalisation and incorporation and to look for anti-assimilationist strategies of inclusion and social change.
    • The politics of cycling infrastructure: introduction

      Cox, Peter; Koglin, Till; University of Chester, UK; Lund University, Sweden (Policy press, 2020-01-29)
      Introduction to edited collection. Provides an overview of the issues and introductions to chapters
    • Positioning and strengthening Africa's development through innovative educational policy on science, technology and innovation.

      Olaopa, Olawale; Uzodike, Nwabufo; Francis, Suzanne; Siyanbola, Willie; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Obafemi Awolowo (Mediateam IT, 2012)
      This article explores ways in which to position and to strengthen Africa's development through innovations in educational policy on science and technology.
    • Positioning Society and Community in an Ever Changing World

      Halsall, Jamie; Powell, Jason; University of Huddersfield; University of Chester (2016-04-05)
      Society is frequently located within a media setting. Embedded with society is the concept of community. Many sociologist scholars, past and present, been fascinated with the concept of ‘society’ and ‘community’ because they generate a fascinating discussion on the political contribution of both terms. More than ever before political, community and religious leaders discuss the interrelationships of society and community and how people can better themselves. The aim of this paper is to critically explore the concepts of society and community. The author argues that there needs to be a re-justification of both concepts. The motivation of re-justification of society and community has been socially reconstructed by the impact of globalization.
    • The ‘possibility’ of happiness: going beyond the discreet charm of happiness.

      Pratesi, Alessandro; University of Chester (2015-08)
      Happiness is not a new subject of philosophical, anthropological and sociological inquiry; however, a growing body of interdisciplinary literature has been published on the so-called science and economics of happiness, especially in the last ten years. Up to the point that some scholars have described such phenomenon in terms of ‘happiness turn’ or, more critically, in terms of ‘happiness industry’: a growing literature provides instruction on how to be happy, drawing on a variety of disciplines, including economics, sociology, psychology, history and social policy, and happiness is both produced and consumed through such literature as a form of emotional, cultural and social capital. Whilst research on happiness has stimulated some critical reflection on potentially deceptive assumptions on happiness, it still tends to locate happiness in certain places, commonly described as the ‘primary happiness indicators’, and to be trapped, as a result, into conventional, dominant and somehow prescriptive definitions of happiness. The prescriptive power of happiness as the arguable object of human desire manifests itself in describing not only what we allegedly aim for but also what we should aim for. Moreover, there are significant terminological issues, ambivalences and grey areas implicit in the contemporary uses of the words ‘happiness’ and ‘happy’. Even assuming that happiness may be associated with ‘feeling good’, can we assume that unhappiness automatically involves ‘feeling bad’ and not rather ‘feeling good in a different way’ or simply wishing things were different? Based on Sarah Ahmed’s critique of the intrinsic conservative power of happiness and her proposal of ‘rethinking happiness as possibility’ (Ahmed, 2010), which involves giving voice to silenced subjects and introducing issues of difference and inequality into current debates about happiness, my contribution aims to open up a discussion on how more inclusive, reliable and situated definitions of happiness can be attained in contemporary societies. In other words, it aims to discuss the potential contribution of those ‘unequally entitled social actors’ who have been conventionally banished from the dominant discourse on happiness—such as feminists, sexual and ethnic minorities—and their capacity to produce alternative and unconventional forms of contextual and situational happiness which may be able to intersect and overcome traditional and misleading dichotomies. Using examples from my previous research on family care, my study intends to analyse the ‘possibility’ of happiness by situating it in empirical, phenomenological contexts and going beyond its categorical, ideological and dogmatic definitions.
    • Postmodernism and Baudrillard

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Nova Science Publishers, 2012-08-19)
      A critical examination of the work and impact on social science of Jean Baudrillard.