• E-mobility, immobility and alt-mobility

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2013-09-05)
      Extending the arguments raised by Dennis and Urry in After the Car (2009), this paper examines the potentials and problems facing innovation in vehicular systems. In mobility systems dominated by conventional automobility, the widespread adoption of e-vehicles and hybrid vehicles promises to change relationships between mobility and the oil economy. Consequently, significant investment in pilot projects and test examples has been widely promoted across the EU and in the USA. This paper argues, contra such programmes, that the substitution of propulsion systems within current conceptualisations of vehicle typologies, fails to allow for the transformation of mobility regimes and of hierarchies of mobility practices. Similarly, substitution approaches (as currently modelled) fail to reflect the real capacities of varying technologies, yet reproduce the very real inequalities of automobility. Carbon class power as currently visible, the paper argues, is not challenged but allowed to change in order to maintain its hegemony. The paper therefore looks towards potential mobility scenarios that maximise diversity, embracing the possibilities of e-mobility but locating them within deeper structural transformations of mobility regimes. It demonstrates both how this can be theorised and the consequent changing relationship between mobility technology, users and practices can be understood, and the relationship of users and practices to spaces and places of mobility. Though initially identifying the variety of potentials embedded in different technologies, the argument opens discussion of the social relations inherent in different mobility practices. The analysis draws initially on the work of Cox and Van De Walle (2007), but extends it towards a more complex consideration of capacity and relation to infrastructure and social space. The paper builds a scenario which may be better termed alt-mobility; concentrating not simply on the spread of e-technologies but the transformation of existing mobility practices and the implications this can have for the hierarchies of power in public space. It questions the extent to which such alternative mobilities can be accommodated within existing infrastructural hierarchies and the implications for the social relations of mobility.
    • The edge of the periphery: situating the ≠Khomani San of the Southern Kalahari in the political economy of Southern Africa

      Francis, Suzanne; Francis, Michael; Akinola, Adeoye; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal (Taylor and Francis, 2016-04-14)
      In this article, we situate the Southern Kalahari San within the political economy of Southern Africa and within the world system. Here we draw on and critique modernization theory as a model of explanation for the lack of development found locally. In the Southern Kalahari, the ≠Khomani San won a massive land claim that should have empowered and enabled local development. Yet they remain largely impoverished, while seeking out a meaningful life on the edge of the capitalist world system. Within states, contradictions remain as local diversity continues to be reproduced and modernity itself is reproduced as local diversity. The research is premised on empirical fieldwork conducted in the Southern Kalahari in 2013 and supported by a series of earlier field research over the previous five years. The San of the Southern Kalahari are not resisting modernity but drawing on aspects of it selectively for their own vision of meaningful development.
    • Editorial Introduction: Rethinking Illness, Crisis and Loss

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Sage, 2014-09-01)
      This timely issue of Illness, Crisis and Loss brings us a wealth of inspirational approaches on understanding spirituality, culture and grief, end-of-life care, nursing education, and implications of coping models. The articles in this issue address key issues in understanding individual experiences of loss, grief, and coping models. As bereaved people, we need our experiential grief to be recognized, to be acknowledged. We require an understanding of the meaning of the relationship that has been lost—and this is often what is least understood by others. The impact of a loss is determined, not so much by the name given to the relationships, but by the meaning of that relationship in the bereaved individual’s life. Someone significant in our life is missing, and we realize that the cost of our love is the pain of our grief.
    • Editorial: Introduction

      Powell, Jason; University of Chester (Sage, 2014-04-01)
      This issue of the Journal brings together a number of comparative articles on illness, crisis, and loss. This issue illuminates that illness, crisis, and loss are central forces shaping personal biographies and social life across comparative cultures. These international articles draw on qualitative methodologies to tap an understanding of illness and in combination provide a broad yet holistic perspective on the interrelationships of illness, crisis and loss. Each of the articles illustrates how they contribute to social change and how the cultural meanings of illness, crisis and loss are created to make sense of personal experiences in contemporary society. These are important existential issues but also significant additions to debates and discussions on illness, crisis, and loss for practitioners, user groups, and researchers. Engaging with different cultural contexts is essential to see how illness, crisis, and loss is experienced, managed, and researched.
    • Editorial: Towards a psychomusicology

      Egeli, Cemil; University of Chester (Egalitarian Publishing, 2021-09-01)
      Editorial for the 'psychomusicology' special issue
    • Effects of economic crimes on sustainable development

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Springer, 2019-11-12)
      The piece of work will be dedicated to look at some of the most common types of economic crimes, analysing their consequences, particularly with regard to how they can affect the achievement of sustainable development.
    • The effects of the international economic crisis on Spain’s environmental policy

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Oxford University Press, 2018-12-20)
      The economic crisis has had a profound effect upon Spanish environmental policy. The government abandoned its once praised support schemes and instead adopted measures that penalise the development of renewable energy. This chapter provides an in-depth investigation of environmental policy implementation since the crisis, focusing on renewables, biodiversity, energy efficiency, and climate change. These four policy areas are compared in order to outline differences in policy approaches and the possibility of differentiated influential factors for policy change. The chapter identifies structural barriers as the main cause of recent policy reversals. Political preferences and decentralisation of the Spanish government system emerge as central explanatory variables for environmental policy implementation and change. The chapter also looks ahead into the possible future development of environmental policy in Spain. Governmental instability may mitigate against future investment, exacerbating existing problems of poor environmental policy integration, and a lack of civil society engagement with the environment.
    • Effects of the new 2020 strategy on regional energy initiatives and energy markets integration

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Birmingham (Routledge, 2014-07-19)
      This book chapter gives a view of the possible role that regional energy initiatives such as MedReg and the Energy Community can play in the future European Energy Policy. The context is given by the last international economic crisis and the targets of the 2020 Strategy with regard to energy. The international side of energy policy is foreseen as being reinforced, particularly in light of the EU high energy dependency.
    • Effects of trade barriers on development and growth

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Springer, 2021-08-31)
      A basic definition of trade barriers could be ‘all factors that influence the amount of goods and services shipped across international borders’ (Feenstra and Taylor, 2017a). This definition is quite neutral, and it needs to be understood that the word ‘barrier’ has a negative connotation, which means that a trade barrier would be any instrument that limits or restrict trade between countries, as opposed to free trade. It is generally accepted that free trade is good for productivity and economic growth, but it is also true that most countries apply some sort of trade restriction, for different reasons.
    • Emerging Voices: Critical Social Research by European Group Postgraduate and Early Career Researchers

      Fletcher, Samantha; White, Holly; Edge Hill University Open University (European Group Press, 2017-07-23)
      Introduction to an edited collection titled Emerging Voices that the authors edited
    • Enabling older adults’ safety, independence and well-being through technology: Lessons from two case studies

      Pratesi, Alessandro; Sixsmith, Judith; Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) (2011-04)
      NA
    • Energy Governance in Spain

      Crespo, Laura; Fernandez, Rosa M.; Campos Martin, Jose M.; CSIC; CEDEX; University of Chester
      Spain is lagging behind in the transition to a sustainable energy system compared to other EU member states. Its unique position as an energy island, coupled with errors in energy planning inherited from previous government regimes, constitute a legacy that makes changes in the system difficult to achieve. Current political instability adds to the difficulties, under a governance framework characterised by lack of coordination and supremacy of the central government in the decision making process, in an environment where traditional energy companies still exert lobby power. The continuous changes in the regulatory framework of the energy sector have hindered investments in low carbon sources of energy due to perceived uncertainty. Small changes in the right direction are being observed though, with a more prominent role expected from the local levels of government. But many measures still originate on requirements linked to EU commitments and more initiatives at the national level need to be seen.
    • Engaging in Heart Theology as Moravians

      Gubi, Peter M.; University of Chester (Moravian Church, 2016-10-01)
      Interpretation (or hermeneutics) has always been part of the Christian experience of discerning what God is saying to us as 'individuals' or as 'community', through text (scripture) and personal experience. In the study of theology, there are many methods for systematically guiding interpretation. One method of theological interpretation is that of 'Heart Theology'. This mode of theological reflection was used extensively by Augustine, and developed further by the Pietist Movement which strongly influenced the work and theology of Zinzendorf1. Moravians often say that they don't have a Moravian Theology. However, they do have a method of establishing a theology - which is Heart Theology.
    • Environmental Economics

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Routledge, 2017-04-30)
      In this chapter you will learn about the interactions between the economy and the environment and as well as how economists try to solve the puzzle of giving the right value to our environmental resources so that sustainable development can be achieved. In this context, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agreed by United Nations in September 2015 (UN 2015) and discussed in detail in another chapter of this book will be used as framework. The aim of the chapter is to give Business and Management students an overview of how Economics concepts, approaches and tools can be applied by companies in their decision making process in order to make it more sustainable and aligned with Principles of Responsible Management (Global Compact 2014).
    • Environmental Economics

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Birmingham (Greenleaf Publishing, 2014-07-15)
      This is a book chapter where interactions between economy and the environment are presented to students, as well as, some of the main methods used to give value to environmental resources. Exercises for seminars, further readings and alternative activities are suggested at the end of the chapter.
    • Ethically sensitive research with ‘children’ and ‘adults’ in custody

      Price, Jayne; University of Chester
      This chapter draws on data from young men interviewed on two occasions; first as ‘children’ aged 17 years within juvenile Young Offenders’ Institutions (YOIs); and then again as ‘adults’ aged 18 years within young adult/adult prisons about their experiences of transitions. Ethical reviews typically reflect age-determined constructions of child/adult status and those aged under 18 years are deemed to be more ‘vulnerable’, thus attracting more scrutiny from research ethics committees (Economic and Social Research Council [ESRC] 2020). This concern heightens the methodological difficulties of prison research, as incarceration renders children ‘doubly vulnerable’ (Jacobson and Talbot 2017). Such institutions may be obstructive and access must be obtained from a series of gatekeepers. Negotiating the balance between participants’ rights and their best interests (Heptinstall 2000, Thomas and O’Kane 1998), along with gatekeepers’ priorities can be challenging. This chapter outlines how tricky ethical tensions were balanced with participants’ best interests in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (UN 1989). Despite the difficulties encountered, the researcher (JP) took the view that there would be ‘ethical implication[s] of NOT conducting the research’ (Girling 2017, p. 38). The chapter offers recommendations for how researchers might conduct ethically sensitive research with similar cohorts of young people.
    • Ethics in Praxis: Negotiating the Role and Functions of a Video Camera in family therapy

      Hutchby, Ian; O'Reilly, Michelle; Parker, Nicola; University of Leicester (Sage, 2012-12-01)
      The use of video for research purposes is something that has attracted ethical attention and debate. While the usefulness of video as a mechanism to collect data is widely agreed, the ethical sensitivity and impact of recording equipment is more contentious. In some clinical settings the presence of a camera has a dual role, as a portal to a reflecting team and as a recording device to obtain research data. Using data from one such setting, family therapy sessions, this article shows how the role played by recording equipment is negotiated in the course of talk and other activities that constitute sessions. Analysis reveals that members of the therapy interaction orient in different ways and for different purposes to the value of recordings. The article concludes that there are layers of benefit to be derived from recording of clinical interactions, including for members themselves, and this has wider implications for the ways in which qualitative research designs in health sciences are evaluated.
    • Ethnicity, poverty and the trade liberalisation: The Khmer people in southern Vietnam

      Besemer, Kirsten L.; University of Chester (Chester Academic Press, 2010-03-17)
      This book chapter discusses how trade liberalisation has exacerbated existing ethnic inequality in the Mekong Delata area of Vietnam by increasing the importance of those assests which ethnic minorities possess least.
    • Europe's Transition to Sustainability: Actors, Approaches and Policies

      Fernandez, Rosa Maria; Schoenefeld, Jonas.; Hoerber, Thomas; Oberthuer, Sebastian; University of Chester; University of East Anglia; ESSCA School of Management; Vrije Universiteit Brussels; University of Eastern Finland (Routledge, 2021-09-06)
      The European Union has developed an international reputation as an advocate of sustainability and as a leader in environmental policy and in tackling climate change. The European Green Deal is the latest amongst numerous policy initiatives indicating an aspiration to lead. The contributions to this special issue show, however, that the path to sustainability in the EU (and beyond) is far from clear cut, with uneven progress in a number of policy areas. Some Member States are lagging behind, and there are barriers both within and outside the EU. Moving forward, a successful transition still requires substantial policy effort.
    • An examination of the developmental impact of continuing destructive parental conflict on young adult children.

      Fozard, Emily; Gubi, Peter M.; University of Chester (SAGE Publications, 2017-05-11)
      This research investigates the impact of destructive parental conflict in continuously married parents, on young adult children. Four trainee or practicing counselors, who had personal experience of growing up in families in which there was continuing destructive parental conflict, were interviewed. The data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The findings resulted in four superordinate themes: feelings of loss, impact to family structure, trauma associated with the conflict, and impacts to personal and professional development, within which were 12 subordinate themes. Short-term impacts focused on mental health and self-esteem, and loss of security at home. Long-term impacts focused on future relationships, defensiveness, parent–child role-reversal, impacts to career, trauma, and parent–child relationships. The results demonstrate the necessity for support to be made available to children who are exposed to destructive parental conflict in parents who remain married, as well as to the adult children of continuing destructive parental conflict.