• Allégories du masculin chez Romain Gary.

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (2014-03-15)
      es Études sur la masculinité sont une branche encore relativement jeune des Études du genre. Elles se penchent sur la question de la représentation et de l’identité masculines et, de la sorte, favorisent des approches résolument interdisciplinaires. Romain Gary interrogeait le fait masculin de diverses manières : dans ses textes fictionnels le masculin est étroitement lié à des figures allégoriques : ainsi dans La Promesse de l’Aube, Nina Kacew et Charles de Gaulle forment des parents symboliques permettant à Gary d’accéder à la francité. Dans La Danse de Gengis Cohn, Florian représente l’homme qui, dans sa recherche de l’absolu, tombe en proie aux idéologies fascistes, tandis que le roman Au-delà de cette limite votre ticket n’est plus valable lie le déclin de la puissance à une certaine perte de vitesse de la France après les Trente Glorieuses. Abstract Masculinity Studies are a relatively new field within Gender Studies – they explore representations of maleness and male identities, thus fostering a radically interdisciplinary approach. Questions of masculinity are omnipresent in Romain Gary’s texts, frequently they are linked to allegorical figures. In La Promesse de l’Aube, Charles de Gaulle and Nina Kacew assure a symbolic parenthood allowing Russia-born Gary to access to his « certain idea of France ». In La Danse de Gengis Cohn, Florian, a mass murderer, embodies the man who, in his quest for the absolute, falls prey to a fascist ideology. The novel Au-delà de cette limite n’est plus valable links the decline of male sexual power to the decline of France after the years of unprecedented economic growth between 1947 and 1975.
    • Anthropologists in Conversation

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Cambridge University Press, 2017-11-03)
      Review of and discussion of Marianne Lemaire's Lettres de Sanga 2016
    • Aux confins des villes infectées. Un livre blanc de Philippe Vasset

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (Peter Lang Brusels, 2014-10-01)
      The present article explores the book Un livre blanc by Philippe Vasset which is dedicated to all the white spots on the official map of Paris. We thus try to explore the following question: How do you write about something that does not exist?
    • Awakening Senses for Language Learning

      Foncubierta, José Manuel; Gant, Mark; Universidad de Cádiz; University of Chester (Cambridge Scholars, 2016-10-01)
      The chapter explores how multisensory approaches to language learning can enhance learning, helping it to become more experiential, engaging and intense by harnessing the potential of visual images and melodies to connect with learners' affective and emotional capacities and to thereby increase memory skills and motivation.
    • Chinese writing composition among CFL learners: A comparison between handwriting and typewriting

      Zhang, Qi; Min, Ge (Elsevier, 2019-12-01)
      Situated in the context of CFL (Chinese as a foreign language), the current study examines and compares texts produced by twelve pre-intermediate CFL learners using both pen-and-paper and the pinyin input system. The participants were also invited for interviews to investigate their attitudes towards handwriting and typewriting. Because of the ease of use of the pinyin input system, CFL learners tend to prefer it over writing by hand when composing lengthy texts. Based on the evaluations of fifteen professional CFL teachers, the typewritten texts were rated higher than the handwritten ones. Using the self-report empathy test, there was no significant correlation between an evaluator’s empathy and his/her rating for the texts, whether composed by hand or with pinyin input. Pedagogically, typewriting might better assist Chinese language learning after handwriting has been introduced and practised among non-beginner CFL learners. The empathy effect on handwriting reported in previous literature is not found in the study. The study goes beyond the factors influencing typewriting and typewritten essays, to encourage future research investigating when to introduce computer-based writing and how it would best assist in language learning.
    • “Crime has no chance”: the discourse of everyday criminality in the Neue Berliner Illustrierte, 1961-1989

      Millington, Richard; University of Chester (Cambridge University Press, 2017-03-31)
      This article examines how the East German regime communicated and explained the existence and persistence of everyday criminality to its citizens. According to the tenets of the Party, crime should have ceased to exist after the construction of a socialist society in East Germany. It did not. The article analyses the regime’s account of everyday criminality as it appeared in reports and commentaries in the pages of the NBI, 1961-1989. First published in 1945, the NBI quickly became the most popular weekly magazine in the GDR.
    • Engagement au marteau: Michel Onfray’s Université Populaire

      Hennuy, Jean-Frederic; University of Chester (University of Wales Press, 2017-11-07)
      Article analyses the anarchist philosophy that underlies the creation of the Université Populaire by Michel Onfray.
    • The fall of the Berlin Wall

      Millington, Richard; University of Chester (History Today Ltd, 2014-10-23)
      This article discusses how the Berlin Wall affected the citizens of East Germany through oral history interviews with 40 people in the city of Magdeburg.
    • Fathers, Daughters, and Slaves : Women Writers and French Colonial Slavery.

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Liverpool University Press, 2016-03)
      Review article of Fathers, Daughters, and Slaves : Women Writers and French Colonial Slavery. By DORIS Y. KADISH. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, October 2012. 186 pp. Hb £65. ISBN: 9781846318467
    • French women and the empire: The case of Indochina

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Oxford University Press, 2016-02-18)
      This review article assesses the contribution to postcolonial historiography with particular reference to gender in the French colonies of Marie-Paule Ha's study of Indochina published by Oxford University Press under the title French women and the empire: the case of Indochina.
    • From Postcolonialism to Decolonial Critique? A Visual Discourse of Dissent

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Postcolonial Studies Association UK, 2019-09-30)
      The article explores the critical discourse developing in contemporary African art around issues of development, economic growth and labour exploitation in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • Gender and Generations: exploring gender at the frontiers of the colony

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Chronica Mundi, 2018)
      Abstract: This essay addresses two unanswered questions on gender justice in postcolonial Francophone Africa. It asks why countries of Francophone Africa invariably occupy the lowest ranks in global gender equity tables, and why this underperformance continues to map onto the colonial geography of the continent three generations after the end of colonial rule. Existing sociological methodologies aimed at evaluating gender equity are failing to identify why gender inequalities in countries of the former French African empires remain more pronounced than in any other part of the world. Drawing from fieldwork and research conducted in countries across Francophone Africa, it is argued that the creation and persistence of such inequalities are better understood if evaluated in the context of the cultural histories of the regions in which they persist. As the cultural histories of the former colonies are still being written, the discussion incorporates new and emerging historical research on earlier studies of African women led by female researchers during the 1930s. These include the reports and correspondence of a substantial colonial tour commissioned by the French Socialist government of 1936 to record the social impact of colonisation on African women living in seven colonies of French West Africa. In addition, analysis of the records of two pioneering French researchers, the first women to conduct anthropological fieldwork in French Africa, is helping illuminate how gender has been perceived by colonisers in this part of the world, and combined with contemporary fieldwork and policy analysis, contributing to our growing understanding of why inequality persists in certain geographical contexts that share a colonial history, and why in the former colonies of French Africa, the path gender equity has been following differs from those observed in all other postcolonial developing areas to the point where the situation in Francophone Africa is historically unique.
    • Globalizing the postcolony: Contesting discourses of gender and development in Francophone Africa

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Lexington Books, 2011)
      This book is a study of postcolonial development in the former French colonies of West Africa. This study analyses current thinking on gender and development policy, before moving on to examine the historical factors that have generated the gender and development deficit in the Francophone African regions.
    • Guerre d’Algérie Le sexe outragé

      Obergöker, Timo (Informa UK Limited, 2019-08-23)
    • The Guerrilla Legacy of the Cuban Revolution

      Clayfield, Anna; University of Chester (University Press of Florida, 2019-06-15)
      In this extensively researched book, Anna Clayfield challenges contemporary Western views on the militarization of Cuba. She argues that, while the pervasiveness of armed forces in revolutionary Cuba is hard to refute, it is the guerrilla legacy, ethos, and image—guerrillerismo—that has helped the Cuban revolutionary project survive. The veneration of the guerilla fighter has been crucial to the political culture’s underdog mentality. Analyzing official discourse, including newspapers, history textbooks, army training manuals, the writings of Che Guevara, and the speeches of Fidel Castro, Clayfield examines how the Cuban government has promoted guerrilla motifs. She traces this rhetorical strategy from the beginnings of the Rebel Army in the 1950s and the implementation of Soviet-style management in the 1960s and 1970s, through the shifting ideologies of the 1980s and the instability of the 1990s Special Period, until the present day. By weaving the guerilla ethos into the fabric of Cuban identity, the government has garnered legitimacy for the political authority of former guerrilleros, even decades after the end of armed conflicts. The Guerilla Legacy of the Cuban Revolution chronicles how guerrilla rhetoric has allowed the Revolution to adapt and transform over time while appearing to remain true to its founding principles. It also raises the question of just how long this discourse can sustain the Revolution when its leaders are no longer veterans of the sierra, those guerrillas who participated in that armed struggle that brought them to power so many years ago.
    • Identity, dissatisfaction and political activity - the experience of East German women since unification

      Wagener, Debbie; Chester College of Higher Education (GRIN Verlag, 2002)
      This book investigates the integration of East German women into the new political, legal, and economic system of the re-unified Germany. East German women comprise a particularly significant group in the process of assimilation into the new Germany and they have been frequently singled out as those who have lost the most as a result of unification. The chapters cover - feminist ideology in east and west and the potential for conflict; public policy and the realities of female emancipation in East Germany; East German distinctiveness; dissatisfaction with the Federal Republic; and political activity and mobilisation.
    • Identity, dissatisfaction and political activity: The experience of East German women since unification (associated mp3 files)

      Wagener, Debbie; University of Chester (2002)
      These mp3 files cover interviews with German women in connection with the thesis Identity, dissatisfaction and political activity: the experience of East German women since unification. 2002. University of Birmingham.
    • Imaging the present: an iconography of slavery in African art

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Liverpool University Press, 2015-05-21)
      As memories of slavery re-emerge in the historiography of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, contemporary artists from Francophone Africa are engaged in reassessing how this period in Africa’s recent past has extended beyond its historical era to play a role in shaping the development challenges of present-day Africa. Exploring connections between Atlantic slavery and the use of African labour in contemporary modes of production in West Africa, recent art works from the region that once formed the heartland of the French slave trade are providing a discursive platform on which to challenge traditional post-colonial nationalist discourses of modernity and change. An iconography of slavery dating from the era of the Atlantic slave trade and the capture, enslavement and transportation of over eleven million people from Africa to the Americas over the four hundred year period of the ‘terrible trade', has appeared in a body of digital and material art work produced between 1995 and 2015. Artists originating from countries across Francophone Africa (the former French and Belgian colonies on the African mainland), many of whom now live and work in Europe, have independently been moving towards a re-contextualised use of visual imaginary that both invokes explicitly the history and legacy of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. This chapter explores the context in which ‘les arts plastiques’ have been produced in the French-speaking areas of Africa, both historically and into the present day, and explores how art offers an alternative platform for political discourse and dissent in the Francophone Africa today.
    • L'impossibilité d'une ile. L'histoire littéraire française dans la mondialisation

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (2014-08-26)
      Résumé L’imaginaire collectif français a longtemps été marqué par un lien étroit entre la nation et la narration. Ce lien était étayé, entre autres, par l’histoire littéraire, celle-ci a pendant longtemps joué un rôle crucial dans la constitution d’une identité collective et de ce fait dans le système éducatif. Dans un monde globalisé toutefois, ce lien se fait de plus en plus précaire. Bien que la France fût, grâce au fait colonial, rapidement confronté à des textes littéraires provenant d’ailleurs, ceux-ci étaient rapidement intégrés dans un narratif marqué par le principe de l’universalité française. Or depuis les années 1980 avec la mondialisation et la migration, le lien entre nation et narration est de plus en plus menacé. Ce texte étudie les manières dont les instances académiques françaises réagissent à ces menaces mais envisage aussi les mécanismes par le biais desquels ces tendances sont intégrés dans le narratif français, comment le lien entre narration et nation est réactualisé dans l’imaginaire collectif. Abstract France’s cultural self-perception has always been clearly marked by a close link between the nation and a narration. This link was provided, amongst other factors, by literary history. The history of French literature played a crucial role in "making France" and hence in educating young Frenchmen. In a globalised world however this link becomes more and more precarious. Although France, through colonisation, became quickly a country confronted with literary texts written outside of homeland France, these texts were integrated into the narrative of French universality. With globalisation and hyphenisation in the 1980s this narrative is increasingly threatened. Our text shows ways in which France reacts to these threats and how France is trying to maintain the scheme on the one hand, on the other how it tries to incorporate new tendencies in literary history and to adapt them to France’s particular historical narrative.
    • Interdependent Autonomy: Face-to-Face and Digital Media in Modern Language Learning

      Fonseca-Mora, M. Carmen; Gant, Mark; Herrero Machanocoses, Francisco; University of Huelva; University of Chester (Peter Lang, 2017-05-26)
      This chapter reflects on the role of face-to-face and digital supported learning in higher education in the UK. By means of a survey conducted among language learners the authors anlyse the learner's use of technologies and their preferences and attitudes towards online, face-to-face and blended language learning.