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The consequences of pregnancy and birth for the pelvic floorThis article discusses the anatomy and physiology of the pelvic floor and the important role it plays during childbirth. It will also consider damage that can be caused to the pelvic floor and in the genital/rectal region. Urinary and faecal incontinence, perineal injury (naturally occurring or surgically induced) and haemorrhoids can cause a lot of distress and pain for many women following childbirth. Alleviating the distress and pain associated with these problems is vitally important and will be explored.