• Alleviating perineal trauma: The APT study

      Steen, Mary (2000)
      This poster presentation aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a new cooling device (gel pad) with a standard regimen (ice pack) and compare these with no localised treatment regimen (control). 450 women partipcated in this study at St James's University Hospital and their own homes. The trial confirmed earlier findings to support the use of a specially designed cooling gel pad (Feme pad)to alleviate perineal trauma.
    • APT study

      Steen, Mary (Florri-Feme, 2009-02-16)
      To evaluate the effectiveness of a a new cooling device (gel pad) with a standard regimen (ice pack) and compare these with a no localised treatment regimen (control). Design: A randomised controlled trial initially based in hospital and then continued in the community. Setting: A Midwifery Unit in the North of England and then in women's own homes. Participants: 450 women who had undergone either a normal or an instrumental delivery that required suturing of an episiotomy or second degree tear. Key Conclusions: This clinical trial confirms earlier findings in a previous study and provides evidence that the use of a specifically designed cooling gel pad is a safe and effective localised method to alleviate perineal trauma without any adverse effects on healing.