• The Necessity of a Jewish Systematic Theology

      Vincent, Alana M.; University of Chester (2017-12-22)
      Taking into account current disputes about the nature of theology and religious studies, both inside and outside of the academy, this article argues that the academic discipline of theology would benefit greatly by expanding its religious remit beyond the traditional field of Christian Systematic Theology to include constructive-critical insider engagement with the texts of other traditions--e.g., Jewish and Islamic theology.
    • Negotiating negation: Christians and Muslims making a space for the religious 'other' in British society

      Mohammad, Seddon (T & T Clark, 2011-06-23)
      This chapter examines how different approaches in theology and religious studies can develop relations between Christian and Muslim communities in the context of multicultural Britain.
    • A New Apologetics: Speaking of God in a world troubled by Religion

      Graham, Elaine L.; University of Chester (2015-10-21)
      One way of thinking about the current status of religion in public life s to frame it within the paradigm of the “post-secular”. Whilst this denotes in part the ‘new visibility’ of religion in global politics and the reappraisal of the assumptions of classic secularization theory, it is also an attempt to capture the trends of religious resurgence whilst noting the resilience of secularism as a default position for much public debate. Even if we adopt the conceptual framework of the post-secular, it is by no means clear how society might negotiate the unprecedented co-existence of these two trajectories of ‘secular’ and ‘sacred’. In a world that is more sensitive than ever to religious belief and practice, yet often struggles to accommodate it into secular discourse, how should we handle the unprecedented co-existence of these two discourses? And in particular, how do Christians give an account of the theological well-springs of their commitments in ways that are accessible and comprehensible to an ever more fragmented and sceptical body politic?
    • A new dawn? The Roman Catholic Church and environmental issues

      Deane-Drummond, Celia (Blackwell, 1997-07)
      This article discusses the stance of the Roman Catholic Church on environmental issues and argues that the Church tends to stay on the fringe rather than get involved. Some of the ways in which Roman Catholic theologians have incorporated environmental issues into theological reflection is discussed, as are environmental challenges facing the Church in Britain (conservation, resources, biodiversity, animal welfare, biotechnology, cooperate/individual ethics, environmental justice, economics/policy development, and global issues).
    • Nicholas E. Lombardo, O.P. The Father’s Will. Christ’s Crucifixion and the Goodness of God

      Fulford, Ben; University of Chester (Sage Publications, 2015-02-23)
      Book review
    • Nicola Slee, Fran Porter and Anne Phillips (eds), Researching Female Faith: Qualitative Research Methods (2018)

      Graham, Elaine L.; University of Chester
      This article is a book review of the edited collection, 'Researching Female Faith'. The volume is a successor to 'Faith Lives of Women and Girls', published in 2013, and represents further work to emerge from a network of feminist qualitative researchers in practical theology which has been meeting since 2010.
    • Nietzsche’s Jewish problem: between anti-Semitism and anti-Judaism

      Metcalf-White, Liam (Informa UK Limited, 2018-09-04)
    • No salvation without the Church: Interfaith praxes in the company of Pope Francis

      Morris, Wayne; University of Chester (Maney Publishing, 2014-12-31)
      Extra ecclesiam nulla salus has been central to Catholic understandings of salvation for centuries, but precisely what that means with regard to people of other Christian denominations, other faiths, and people of no faith, has been subject to re-interpretation. This paper argues that in the words and deeds of Pope Francis, he has suggested that people of any faith and none can and should be viewed as ‘valued allies’ to the Catholic Church, especially where anyone is willing to work cooperatively for the common good of all. I propose that this way of thinking about people outside of the Catholic Church constitutes a rethinking of the ancient mantra that recognizes the necessity of churches, people of other faiths and no faith, being willing to work together to realize the common goals of equality, peace and justice.
    • Noble death or death cult: Pagan criticism of early Christian martyrdom

      Middleton, Paul; University of Chester (Amsterdam University Press, 2015-07-09)
      Suffering and persecution forms an almost ubiquitous backdrop to most of the documents which make up the New Testament. From St Paul onwards, suffering was regarded not as an unfortunate necessity, but as a mark of true discipleship.
    • The "Noble Death" of Judas Iscariot: A Reconsideration of Suicide in the Bible and Early Christianity

      Middleton, Paul; University of Chester (Philosophy Documentation Center, 2018-08-22)
      This essay problematizes the often repeated claim that Jewish and Christian traditions have always and unambiguously opposed suicide. By examining the suicide narratives in the Hebrew Bible and late Second Temple texts, alongside early Christian martyr texts which demonstrate not only enthusiasm for death, but suicide martyrdom, I argue that many Jewish and Christian self-killings conform to Greco-Roman patterns Noble Death. Finally, I consider the death of Judas Iscariot, and having removed any a priori reason to interpret his suicide negatively, I argue Matthew’s account of his self-killing compares favourably with Luke’s narrative, in which he is the victim of divine execution. Moreover, I conclude that Matthew’s main concern is to transfer the blame for Jesus’ death from Judas to the Jewish authorities, and that he has Judas impose on himself to the appropriate and potentially expiatory penalty for his action. Thus, I conclude, even Judas’s iconic suicide can be read quite plausibly as an example of Noble Death.
    • None is Still Too Many: Holocaust Commemoration and Historical Anesthetization

      Vincent, Alana M.; University of Chester (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018-02-05)
      This chapter highlights the tension between political engagement with Holocaust commemoration and responses to the current refugee crisis. Through an examination of historical sources, it makes the case that in spite of the rhetoric of “Never Again!” deployed in connection to the Holocaust, responses to the reality of refugees have changed very little since the 1930’s.
    • Not a Not-Animal: The Vocation to Be a Human Animal Creature

      Clough, David; University of Chester (Sage, 2013-01-30)
      This article diagnoses and critiques two ‘not-animal’ modes of theological anthropology: first, the construction of human identity on the basis of supposed evidence of human/non-human difference; second, accounts of the human that take no account of God’s other creatures. It suggests that not-animal anthropologies exhibit poor theological methodology, are based on inaccurate depictions of both humans and other animals, and result in problematic construals of what it means to be human. Instead, the article concludes, we require theological anthropologies that take as a starting point the relationship between humanity and God and recognise the animal and creaturely context of human existence.
    • On animals: Systematic theology: Volume one

      Clough, David; University of Chester (T & T Clark, 2011-05-01)
      This book discusses the question of where animals belong in theology.
    • On Animals: Volume II - Theological Ethics

      Clough, David; University of Chester (T&T Clark/Bloomsbury, 2018-12-27)
      This book presents an authoritative and comprehensive survey of human practice in relation to other animals together with a Christian ethical analysis building on the theological account of animals David Clough developed in On Animals Volume I: Systematic Theology (2012). It argues that a Christian understanding of other animals has radical implications for their treatment by humans, with the human use and abuse of non-human animals for food the most urgent immediate priority. Following an introduction examining the task of theological ethics in relation to non-human animals and the way it relates to other accounts of animal ethics, the book’s chapters survey and assess the use humans make of other animals for food, for clothing, for labour, as research subjects, for sport and entertainment, as pets or companions, and human impacts on wild animals. The result is both a state-of-the-art account of what humans are doing to other animals and a persuasive argument that Christians in particular have strong faith-based reasons to acknowledge the significance of the issues raised and change their practice in response.
    • On Becoming a Practical Theologian: Past, Present and Future Tense

      Graham, Elaine L.; University of Chester (AOSIS, 2017-08-31)
      This article takes an autobiographical approach to the development of practical theology as a discipline over the past thirty years with particular attention to the author’s own context of the United Kingdom. The unfolding of my own intellectual story in relation to key issues within the wider academic discourse provides an opportunity to reflect on some of the predominant themes and trends: past, present and future. Changing nomenclature, from ‘pastoral studies’ to practical theology indicates how the discipline has moved from regarding itself as the application of theory into practice, into a more performative and inductive epistemology. This emphasis continues to the present day and foregrounds the significance of the human context and the realities of lived experience, including narrative and autobiography. Whilst the methodological conundrums of relating experience to tradition and theory to practice continue, further challenges are beckoning, including religious pluralism; and so the article closes by surveying the prospects for a multi-cultural practical theology.
    • On the importance of a drawn sword: Christian thinking about preemptive war—and its modern outworking

      Clough, David; Stiltner, Brian; University of Chester ; Sacred Heart University (Georgetown University Press, 2007)
      This article discusses the just war tradition.
    • On the relevance of Jesus Christ for Christian judgements about the legitimacy of violence — A modest proposal

      Clough, David; University of Chester (SAGE, 2009-05-01)
      This journal article discusses the appropriate interpretation of the person, teaching, and example of Jesus Christ in relation to Christian judgements about violence.
    • On the Trail of a Biblical Serial Killer: Sherlock Holmes and the Book of Tobit

      Collins, Matthew A.; University of Chester (T&T Clark, 2019-01-24)
      In the book of Tobit, Sarah, the daughter of Raguel, is tormented by the demon Asmodeus. She has been married seven times, but each time the demon kills her husband on her wedding night. In despair, she contemplates suicide and prays for deliverance. In the course of the narrative, Tobias, the son of Tobit, travels from Nineveh to Ecbatana and, with the help of the archangel Raphael, defeats the demon and marries Sarah. Between 1939 and 1946, Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce starred together in The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, a series of radio plays broadcast in the United States. One episode, aired on 26 March 1945, was titled ‘The Book of Tobit’ and featured Holmes and Watson investigating the deaths of a woman’s previous three husbands, each of whom, prior to his death, had received a threatening letter signed ‘Asmodeus’. Though substantially different in both content and context, throughout the case numerous comparisons are made with its scriptural forebear. This essay first explores the use of and engagement with Tobit in this wartime murder mystery before turning to re-examine the biblical text in the light of Holmes’ namesake investigation. By effectively transposing Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s celebrated detective to ancient Ecbatana, the inherently murderous nature of the biblical tale comes into sharper focus and the peculiarities of the narrative and its folkloric origins are both reassessed and illuminated from a perspective informed by crime fiction. In doing so, this essay further illustrates the extent to which the ‘genre lens’ through which we approach a text may govern our reading of it. Putting Sherlock Holmes on the case, a rather different interpretation of the text emerges – one in which there is a serial killer on the loose in the book of Tobit, and Sarah may not in fact be as innocent as she seems.
    • On Thinking Theologically about Animals: A Response

      Clough, David; University of Chester (Wiley, 2014-08-26)
      In response to evaluations of On Animals: Volume 1, Systematic Theology by Margaret Adams, Christopher Carter, David Fergusson, and Stephen Webb, this article argues that the theological reappraisals of key doctrines argued for in the book are important for an adequate theological discussion of animals. The article addresses critical points raised by these authors in relation to the creation of human beings in the image of God, the doctrine of the incarnation, the theological ordering of creatures, anthropocentrism, and the doctrine of God. It concludes that, given previous neglect, much more discussion by theologians is required in order to think better concerning the place of animals in Christian theology, but acting better toward fellow animal creatures is an important next step toward this goal.
    • 'One Commixture of Light’ (Or. 31.14): Rethinking some modern uses and critiques of Gregory of Nazianzus on the unity and equality of the divine persons

      Fulford, Ben; University of Chester (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009-02-17)
      Gregory of Nazianzus' doctrine of the Trinity is both a constructive source and an object of critique for Leonardo Boff's account of the Trinity. I argue that Gregory's account of the unity of the Trinity in the monarchy of the Father does not entail the ontological subordination of Son and Spirit nor otherwise obviate the equality of the divine persons. On Gregory's account, the unity and equality of the divine persons is bound up with that of their distinct identities in the very particular modes in which they relate to one another: a unity transcending all human commonality. By contrast, Boff's theology of the Trinity seems to elide the real distinction between God and creatures and erode the differences between the divine persons, so subverting the social programme he derives from his doctrine.