• Being Mesolithic in life and death

      Cobb, Hannah; Gray Jones, Amy; University of Manchester; University of Chester (Springer International Publishing, 2018-08-25)
      Fifty years ago approaches to Mesolithic identity were limited to ideas of man the hunter, woman the gatherer, and evidence of non-normative practice was ascribed to "shamans" and to "ritual", and that was that. As post-processual critiques have touched Mesolithic studies, however, this has changed. In the first decade of the 21st century a strong body of work on Mesolithic identity in life, as well as death, has enabled us to think beyond modern western categories to interpret identity in the Mesolithic. Our paper reviews these changing approaches, offering a series of case studies of such approaches, before developing these case studies to advocate an assemblage approach to identity in the Mesolithic.
    • Captain Rock, Captain Swing: 'Primitive' rebels and radical politics in England and Ireland, 1790-1845

      Huggins, Michael; University of Chester (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006-08-11)
    • Democracy or nationalism? The problems of the Chartist press in Ireland

      Huggins, Michael; University College Chester (Merlin Press, 2005-06-05)
      This book chapter discusses ways in which the Irish Chartist press addressed the relationship between nationalism and democracy.
    • 'Mere matters of arrangement and detail': John Mitchel and Irish Chartism

      Huggins, Michael; University of Chester (Four Courts Press, 2006-09-01)
    • Social conflict in pre-famine Ireland: The case of County Roscommon

      Huggins, Michael; University of Chester (Four Courts Press, 2007-02-13)
      This book investigates the social conflict in Roscommon that existed before the Famine. Traditional nationalist historiography is considered but the author concludes that pre-Famine unrest originated from a more complex set of beliefs, influences and objectives.
    • A strange case of hero-worship: John Mitchel and Thomas Carlyle

      Huggins, Michael; University of Chester (Firenze University Press, 2013-03-07)
      The Scottish essayist Thomas Carlyle might be considered a surprising influence on the Young Ireland movement of the 1840s and its most militant leader, John Mitchel. Carlyle has become notorious for his anti-Irish sentiments, expressed most forcefully in his Reminiscences of my Irish journey in 1849. Yet his critique of the Benthamite and liberal Zeitgeist was a significant influence on Mitchel. This article examines what it was in Carlyle’s thought that appealed to Mitchel. Carlyle’s antagonism to liberal conceptions of progress informed Mitchel’s intellectual development and prompted specific political perspectives that can in some measure be viewed as a Carlylean response to Ireland’s crisis in the 1840s. Mitchel made many of the same historic and philosophical assumptions as Carlyle, legitimising the present struggle for Irish nationality via a critique of contemporary laissez-faire doctrine. Thus, Swift’s saeva indignatio was inflected in Mitchel by his encounter with Carlyle’s work, shaping Mitchel’s anger in terms of the spiritual-material polarity at the heart of Carlyle’s Signs of the Times (1829). This ‘sacred wrath’ helps explain why Mitchel is often seen as someone who hated England more than he loved Ireland.