• Barthomley Church and the Civil War

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (Cheshire Community Council and Chester College, 1995)
      This articles discusses the history of Barthomley Church in south-east Cheshire, particularly the Barthomley massacre in December 1643 during the English Civil War
    • The Battle of Dunbar and Cromwell's Scottish campaign

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 2001-01-01)
      This article discusses Cromwell's religious beliefs and personal faith, as demonstrated throughout the Scottish campaign of 1650-1651.
    • The Battle of Gainsborough, 28 July 1643

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 1998-01-01)
      This article discusses the role played by Oliver Cromwell during the Battle of Gainsborough in 1643.
    • Chester under siege: An old city under fire from a new technology

      Chadwick, Sam; University of Chester (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      The siege of Chester was a key example of the conflict that wracked the kingdom during the English Civil Wars. Early on the in the conflict, Chester was a significant location; it was a major port, considered strategically key to Ireland, Wales and the North. Both sides attempted to recruit it to their side of the conflict, in the end the Royalists were successful and it took a long time for the Parliamentarians to finally take the city. During a particularly intense siege, Chester was bombared by the relatively new, more efficient pieces of artillery. During this conflict, not only were solid cannon shots fired into the walls, but also at the City itself along with mortars firing shells called 'Grenadoes.' By the end of the fighting Chester's place in society was somewhat lower, the city's silver plate had been used up, its populace reduced and starved, becomming vulnerable to society' other great foe - disease.
    • Chester's role in the Civil War

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 1995)
      This article discusses the role Chester played in the English Civil War. Chester was a key royalist centre and a focul point for the royalist cause in much of north Wales and the northern Marches. Chester remained royalist until February 1646 and reasons for this are discussed.
    • Chester, Cavaliers and Cannons

      Chadwick, Sam (BBC History Magazine, 2019-10-26)
      This presentation looked at Chester’s role in the Civil War, the day-to-day activities of the siege of Chester, and the actions of the troops and commanders, supported by one of the key weapons of the time: artillery. Starting with an overview of the Civil War and its three parts, this lecture went on to look at 17th century siege warfare and its part in the civil war. It then drew out Chester’s place in the economy and the political landscape of the time, as well as the state of its defences. The presentation outlined the key figures in the siege of Chester, and broke down the siege into 4 key phases. Finally the presentation concluded with drawing the siege back to some of the original research on siege warfare and seeing how applicable they are in this case study.
    • Documents for schools: The letter-books of Sir William Brereton

      Jackson, Maggie; Gaunt, Peter (Cheshire Community Council and Chester College, 1995)
      This article discusses the letter-books of Sir William Brereton, who led the Parliamentary war effort in Cheshire during the English Civil War. The extracts are intended for use at key stage 3 in the national curriculum, unit 2, "the making of the United Kingdom: crowns, Parliaments and peoples, 1500-1750."
    • The English civil wars, 1642-1651

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (Osprey, 2003-08-20)
      This book discusses the causes, course and consequences of the English Civil War, with particular emphasis on the wars in England and Wales.
    • Learning the ropes in 'his own fields': Cromwell's early seiges in the east Midlands

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 2003-01-01)
      This article discusses Oliver Comwell's early military career in East Anglia and the east Midlands during the English Civil War.
    • Minor operations in the English civil war

      Gaunt, Peter; University of Chester (The Cromwell Association, 2015-07-16)
      This short paper explores the surviving sources which give information on minor operations - raids, skirmishes, ambushes, beating-up quarters and the like. In particular, it compares and contrasts the sources for two such minor operations - the skirmish at Myddle in Shropshire sometime in the autumn or winter of 1644-45 and the pursuit of the royalist Lord Forth, his carriage train and lifeguard shortly after the second battle of Newbury in October 1644 - and evaluates both their reliability and what they reveal about the nature of the civil war.
    • Oliver Cromwell

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (Blackwell Publishing, 1997-06-08)
      This book discusses the life and career of Oliver Cromwell.
    • Oliver Cromwell and Great Britain

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 1999-06-01)
      This book chapter discusses Cromwell's travels throughout Great Britain.
    • Oliver Cromwell’s letter to Colonel Valentine Walton, conveying good and bad news arising from the battle of Marston Moor, written on 5 July 1644

      Gaunt, Peter; University of Chester (The Cromwell Association, 2014-10-31)
      This electronic publication provides a detailed document analysis of a specific letter written by Oliver Cromwell for which the original (in Cromwell's own hand) survives, namely the letter which he wrote to his brother-in-law shortly after the battle of Marston Moor of 2 July 1644 and describing the nature and consequences of that engagement. It examines in detail the contents, language, meaning and interpretation of the letter and also explores the different historical interpretations which have been placed upon it.
    • 'One of the goodliest and strongest places that I ever looked upon': Montgomery and the Civil War

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (University of Liverpool Press, 2000-09-08)
      This chatper examines the impact of the civil war on the town of Montgomery during 1644.
    • The Parliamentary war effort in Cheshire

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (Cheshire Community Council, 1993)
      This article discusses the efforts of the Parliamentarians, led by Sir William Brereton, to administer Cheshire during the English Civil War. It focuses on the action of the Cheshire County Committee - its membership, its power struggles, and how it raised money and soldiers for the war effort.
    • ‘That factious City’: Exeter during the Civil War,a city with two identities?

      Chadwick, Sam
      The 17th century was a period of turmoil for Britain. Tensions had arisen between Protestant and Catholic beliefs, between the emerging merchant class and the old land‐owning gentry, between the king’s wish to rule by Divine Right and Parliament’s attempt to limit this, and between the English core and Britain’s other identities, those of Wales, Cornwall and Scotland. Ireland’s relations with the hub, too, were being re‐shaped. These tensions merged into a series of wars, starting with the first ‘Bishop’s War’ or ‘Scots’ War’ in 1639, which were not resolved until the 1688 ‘Glorious Revolution’. The wars brought about substantial changes to the identity of Britain. They are classically represented as one grand war with three phases, 1641‐1646, 1648 and 1649‐1652. Many different areas were caught up in the fighting. In England and Wales a total of around 150 towns were affected, with around 10,000 houses being destroyed. Many castles were slighted, so that they no longer could be used as a fortification or hold the weight of large cannon. Several fortifications were damaged to the point of ruination. The war is often represented as just two sides, Cavaliers and Roundheads; in fact the true identity of the war was one of several disparate factions all attempting to gain their own objectives. Histories of the Civil War have often tended to focus upon major national campaigns and principal armies occasionally clashing in glorious and decisive battles. However, these wars were shaped more by the gaining and holding of territory through skirmishes and sieges rather than these grandiose battles. Indeed the war’s duration and its repercussions for the civilian population make sieges a much better representation of how the Civil War was experienced. This paper looked at Exeter in the Civil War. Study of its alignment not only reveal details about itself, but also themes and trends that run throughout the Civil War. Exeter’s location on the river Exe –a major artery that allowed trade and communication with Europe –and its position between Royalist Cornwall and the Parliamentarian counties of Somerset, Wiltshire and Dorset made it a heavily contested prize. It had stonewalls, originally built by the Romans but reinforced several times. It had already been besieged during the medieval and early modern periods, during an 18-day Norman siege of 1068 and a five-week siege during the Prayer Book rebellion in 1549. The city was one of only a handful of walled towns situated in Devon and Cornwall during this period and was situated on a ridge of high ground near the river, functioning as the county town. It was also was fourth or fifth in size and wealth in the country. Despite its wealth, before the Civil War its economic fortunes had declined. War time tax increases and a movement of its trade hub from France and Spain to Holland were causing hardship to the city.
    • Writing and sources III: The Siege of Crowland, 1643

      Gaunt, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (The Cromwell Association, 1999-01-01)
      This article discusses various sources relating to the seige of Crowland in south Lincolnshire in April 1643.