Browsing History and Archaeology by Subjects
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Chester under siege: An old city under fire from a new technologyThe siege of Chester was a key example of the conflict that wracked the kingdom during the English Civil Wars. Early on the in the conflict, Chester was a significant location; it was a major port, considered strategically key to Ireland, Wales and the North. Both sides attempted to recruit it to their side of the conflict, in the end the Royalists were successful and it took a long time for the Parliamentarians to finally take the city. During a particularly intense siege, Chester was bombared by the relatively new, more efficient pieces of artillery. During this conflict, not only were solid cannon shots fired into the walls, but also at the City itself along with mortars firing shells called 'Grenadoes.' By the end of the fighting Chester's place in society was somewhat lower, the city's silver plate had been used up, its populace reduced and starved, becomming vulnerable to society' other great foe - disease.
Chester's role in the Civil WarThis article discusses the role Chester played in the English Civil War. Chester was a key royalist centre and a focul point for the royalist cause in much of north Wales and the northern Marches. Chester remained royalist until February 1646 and reasons for this are discussed.
Chester, Cavaliers and CannonsThis presentation looked at Chester’s role in the Civil War, the day-to-day activities of the siege of Chester, and the actions of the troops and commanders, supported by one of the key weapons of the time: artillery. Starting with an overview of the Civil War and its three parts, this lecture went on to look at 17th century siege warfare and its part in the civil war. It then drew out Chester’s place in the economy and the political landscape of the time, as well as the state of its defences. The presentation outlined the key figures in the siege of Chester, and broke down the siege into 4 key phases. Finally the presentation concluded with drawing the siege back to some of the original research on siege warfare and seeing how applicable they are in this case study.
Philanthropy and the children of the streets: the Chester Ragged School Society, 1851-1870This book chapter discusses the Chester Ragged School Society which was founded in 1851 to instruct poor children, especially those who had no other means of obtaining an education. The contribution this movement made to the education and welfare of street children within the context of philanthropic endeavour in mid-Victorian England is discussed.