Browsing History and Archaeology by Publisher "Boydell and Brewer"
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Building blocks: structural contexts and carved stonesEarly medieval carved stones can be many things: landscape monuments, churchyard monuments or memorials, grave markers, architectural elements usually in churches or public commemorative statements to name a few (not exclusive) functions. However, there are also hints that carved stones could be part of settlement micro-landscapes built into or next to buildings or forts. This paper looks at a range of archaeological contexts for the use of early medieval carved stones in structural (non-church related) contexts in Britain. This small group of monuments includes both the more ‘public’ structural monuments on display and ‘hidden’ monuments built into structures and not visible. These monuments are explored in this paper in terms of memory, movement and performance – where engagement could be both habitual behaviour and part of specific events of social practice and memory. The spatial and depositional dimensions will be explored and how routine, even possibly mundane, engagement with stones in these settings may offer a different perspective on how monuments can be part of the process of memorisation and selective forgetting.
Constructing a Civic Community in Late Medieval London: the Common Profit, Charity and CommemorationIn the late fourteenth century, London’s government, through mismanagement and negligence, experienced a series of crises. Relationships with the crown were tested; competing factions sought to wrest power from the hands of the once all-powerful victualling guilds; revolt in the streets in 1381 targeted the institutions of royal as well as civic power; and, between 1392 and 1397, King Richard removed the liberties of the city and appointed his own wardens to govern in place of the mayor of London. This book examines the strategies employed by the generation of London aldermen who governed after 1397 to regain control of their city. By examining a range of interdisciplinary sources, including manuscript and printed books, administrative records, accounts of civic ritual and epitaphs, this book explores how, by carefully constructing the idea of a civic community united by shared political concerns and spiritual ambitions, a small number of men virtually monopolised power in the capital. More generally, this is an exploration of the mentalities of those who sought civic power in the late Middle Ages and provokes the question: why govern, and for whom?
William Caxton and Commemorative Culture in Fifteenth-Century EnglandThis piece explores Caxton's use of the language of the 'common profit' as a means of ensuring that his publishing endeavors offered both spiritual nourishment for his readers, and reciprocal benefit for the printer.