• Patterns of borrowing, obsolescence and polysemy in the technical vocabulary of Middle English

      Sylvester, Louise; Parkin, Harry; Ingham, Richard; University of Westminster; University of Chester; Birmingham City University
      This paper reports on a new project, Technical Language and Semantic Shift in Middle English which aims to address questions about why semantic shift, lexical and/or semantic obsolescence and replacement happen and to try to uncover patterns of narrowing, broadening, obsolescence and synonym co-existence at different levels of the lexical hierarchy. The data is based on the Middle English vocabulary for seven occupational domains collected for the Bilingual Thesaurus of Everyday Life in Medieval England, with the addition of two further domains representing the interests of the elite and professional classes. This paper offers three case studies illustrating how we used the type of information in the BTh, the MED and the OED to construct the semantic hierarchy on which our analyses are based; an example of how data are interpreted in relation to change within a particular semantic field; and an exploration of how obsolescence by distinguishing between obsolete lexemes and obsolete senses. We then present some results of our analyses of obsolescence, polysemy and borrowing in our data.
    • People will never forget how you made them feel

      Pollard, Eileen J.; Manchester Metropolitan University and University of Chester (Manchester Metropolitan University (Online), 2015-05-31)
      This reflection offers a response to the concrete experience of having my teaching observed as part of a Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice (PGCAP). I used David A. Kolb’s Experiential Learning Model (1975) to launch a small action-based study following this experience. My pilot produced a sample of material about what both students and teachers potentially think we are all doing in a higher education lecture theatre. These findings led to my considering what constitutes a lecture, whether or not it is ‘redundant’ in the current online landscape, and, if not, what aspects of the pedagogy of this ancient technique we might wish to emphasise or recapture.
    • Phonological awareness in German-speaking preschool children with cochlear implants – 3 case examples

      Wachtlin, Bianka; Turinsky, Yvonne; Herrmann, Frank; Schaefer, Blanca; Catholic University of Applied Sciences; Private Practice for Speech and Language Therapy; University of Chester; University of Sheffield (Elsevier, 2017-06-30)
      Objectives: The aim was to explore PA skills German-speaking preschool children with cochlea implants (CIs) and how these skills may be related to their speech and language skills. Methods: Three monolingual German-speaking pre-school children aged 5;04–6;01 with bilateral CIs were tested. Their cognitive, speech and language skills were assessed. Six subtests of a standardized PA test battery were administered (i.e. rhyme identification, rhyme production; phoneme identification-input and -output; phoneme blending-input and -output). Results: All three children showed distinctive PA profiles. One boy, who had no spoken language deficits, struggled to complete the rhyme tasks but performed well on three phoneme tasks. However, he showed a discrepancy between expressive and receptive phoneme blending skills, scoring poorly on the expressive subtest. The second boy, who displayed grammar comprehension and expressive vocabulary difficulties, showed a mixed profile, with a below average performance on rhyme production. The girl who had significant speech and language deficits scored below average on all six PA subtests. Conclusions: PA profiles in children with CI vary considerably and PA testing should include a range of different PA tasks. The assumed link between spoken language deficits and PA difficulties shown in children with normal hearing could be confirmed.
    • ‘Please could you stop the noise’: The grammar of multimodal meaning-making in Radiohead’s "Paranoid Android"

      Neary, Clara; University of Chester (Sage, 2019-03-15)
      This article uses Zbikowski’s (2002, 2012, 2017) theory of ‘musical grammar’ to analyse Radiohead’s song ‘Paranoid Android’ from their 1997 album OK Computer. Invoking the close structural and compositional parallels between language and music, Zbikowski’s approach appropriates some of the core elements of cognitive linguistics to provide a means of ‘translating’ music into meaning-bearing conceptual structures via the construction of ‘sonic analogs’, which are a type of conceptual construct formed when incoming perceptual information is compared to existing cognitive knowledge stored as image schemas. The result is an analysis of the interactions between the linguistic and aural constructions of a multimodal text that not only sheds new light on this text’s meaning-making devices but also endeavours to unlock the strategies through which such distinctive semiotic modes act and interact within texts to create meaning potential.
    • Poorly Punctuated Dinner Party, England

      Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (2016-01-08)
      Flash fiction.
    • ‘A pop star trapped in the body of a flasher’: An interview with David Gaffney

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Intellect, 2014-04-01)
    • (Post)human Temporalities: Science Fiction in the Anthropocene

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester (Brill, 2019-09-24)
      Although many SF texts proceed from the speculative premise that our species will continue to develop technologically, and hence become increasingly posthuman, our species’ continuance into even the next century is by no means assured. Rather, the Anthropocene exerts a new temporal logic; it is an age defined by an intensification of geological timescales. It is therefore noteworthy that many contemporary SF texts are ecologically interventionist and figure apocalyptic future temporalities which curtail the posthuman predilection common to the genre. This article analyses a tetrad of literary texts, written at various points during the last three decades, which summatively reveal the mutations of the (post)human temporalities figured by cli-fi texts. These four texts are: Kim Stanley Robinson’s Mars Trilogy (1992-1996); Jeanette Winterson’s The Stone Gods (2007); Michel Faber’s The Book of Strange New Things (2014); and Paolo Bacigalupi’s The Water Knife (2015).
    • The Posthuman Lifeworld: A Study of Russell T. Davies’s Doctor Who

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester
      Via the analysis of a cross-section of episodes from Russell T. Davies’s era of the revived BBC Science Fiction television series Doctor Who (2005–2010), this paper demonstrates that the programme utilises representations of the viewer’s everyday lifeworld to figure a posthuman rhetoric. Through the viewer’s in-phenomenal interaction with its representation of the mundane, the show emphasises the already significantly posthuman nature of the technologically saturated lifeworld of the contemporary individual. It challenges Darko Suvin’s notion of cognitive estrangement, which fails to describe the show’s Science Fictional discourse, and instead proposes the alternate mechanism of cognitive engagement. This inquiry, therefore, reappraises the thematic concerns of the show during the years when Russell T. Davies served as the programme’s showrunner, revealing Doctor Who’s emphasis upon the everyday (post)human lifeworld. It concludes that the show refutes technocentric ideologies, and thus rigorously demonstrates the consonance between the (post)human present and posthuman future.
    • The Posthuman Trajectory of Isaac Asimov’s Foundation Universe

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester (Burrowing Wombat Press, 2021-06-30)
      When Isaac Asimov began to expand the fictional universe of his acclaimed Foundation Trilogy in 1982—almost thirty years after the publication of its prior entry, Second Foundation (1953)—he did so with the express intention of assimilating its continuity into a unified “history of the future” with his Robot and Galactic Empire series. Although the Foundation Universe has received little critical attention to date as a unified series, the analysis of it cumulatively reveals its significantly mundane and repetitive aspects. Demonstrably, the rhetorical function of such banal components renders the series conspicuously posthuman.
    • The practice of reading: Interpreting the novel

      Alsop, Derek; Walsh, Chris; St Mary's University College ; University College Chester (Macmillan, 1999-04-19)
      The book discusses the art of interpreting the novel with reference to literary theory and criticism.
    • The principled pleasure: Lisbeth’s Aristotelian revenge

      Rees, Emma L. E.; University of Chester (John Wiley & Sons, 2012-11-11)
      The essential companion to Stieg Larsson′s bestselling trilogy and director David Fincher′s 2011 film adaptation Stieg Larsson′s bestselling Millennium Trilogy— The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, The Girl Who Played with Fire, and The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet′s Nest —is an international phenomenon. These books express Larsson′s lifelong war against injustice, his ethical beliefs, and his deep concern for women′s rights. The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Philosophy probes the compelling philosophical issues behind the entire trilogy. What philosophies do Lisbeth Salander and Kant have in common? To catch a criminal, can Lisbeth and Mikael be criminals themselves? Can revenge be ethical? Drawing on some of history′s greatest philosophical minds, this book gives fresh insights into Larsson′s ingeniously plotted tale of crime and corruption. Looks at compelling philosophical issues such as a feminist reading of Lisbeth Salander, Aristotelian arguments for why we love revenge, how Kant can explain why so many women sleep with Mikael Blomkvist, and many more Includes a chapter from a colleague of Larsson′s—who worked with him in anti–Nazi activities—that explores Larsson′s philosophical views on skepticism and quotes from never–before–seen correspondence with Larsson Offers new insights into the novels′ key characters, including Lisbeth Salander and Mikael Blomkvist, and investigates the author, Stieg Larsson As engrossing as the quest to free Lisbeth Salander from her past, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Philosophy is ideal reading for anyone interested in unraveling the subtext and exploring the greater issues at work in the story.
    • Prize-Giving

      Seed, Ian; University of Chester (Salt, 2014-10-15)
      Poetry sequence selected for anthology.
    • Profiling the flight of 'The Windhover'

      Neary, Clara; University of Chester (John Benjamins, 2014-04-23)
      The application of Langacker's Cognitive Grammar to Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem 'The Windhover'.
    • Queer Victorian Identities in Goblin Market (1862) and In Memoriam (1850): Uncovering the Subversive Undercurrents of the Literary Canon

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester (University of Exeter, 2018)
      This article argues for the importance of recognizing the queerness of many established works within the literary canon as a means of contextualising modern queer identities and practices historically. It undertakes the queer reappropriation of two canonical Victorian poems; Christina Rossetti's Goblin Market (1862), and Alfred, Lord Tennyson's In Memoriam (1850). As the article demonstrates, the queer affective features of these poems express the viability of alternative modes of relation, and so convey a poignant sense of the insurrectionary elation that can be realised through affective relationships that subvert normative sexual conventions.
    • Quotidian Science Fiction: Posthuman Dreams of Emancipation

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester (University of Iowa, 2019-06-13)
      This article argues that Science Fiction is a posthuman art form, whose texts posit a utopian dream which emphasises that the process of becoming posthuman is both incremental, and conditional upon the equitable cultural, social, and environmental evolution of our societies. The genre provides a transient dreamscape for visitation by the (post)human mind, by which the reader gains an expanded perception of not only their own empirical environment, but also of posthuman possibility. This posthuman dream however, is not a simply literalised by SF’s estranging narrative strategy, but rather is located in the intersection between the SF narrative and its generic form. Through the decay of their initially defamiliarizing nova into data which are cognitively explicable by their (post)human audience, SF texts dramatize our species’ continuous journey of becoming posthuman. This fundamentally posthuman model of the SF genre therefore challenges the model of cognitive estrangement proposed by Darko Suvin, and so proposes that SF exerts a pragmatic utopian dream that avoids being deterministic or teleological.
    • The Radical Voice of Margaret Oliphant: Extending Domesticity in Hester and Kirsteen

      Baker, Katie; University of Chester
      This paper demonstrates how the nineteenth-century writer Margaret Oliphant drew upon her domestic identity to write in radical ways which could educate and inform her young female readership. Through the exploration of two female characters, Catherine Vernon in Hester (1883) and Kirsteen Douglas in Kirsteen (1890), the paper demonstrates how Oliphant represented the importance of opportunities available for young women within 'extended domesticity', a version of the domestic space which extended beyond conventional boundaries to include all women. Through representations of female characters like Catherine and Kirsteen, who had careers and even businesses, of their own, Oliphant showed the possibilities available for women whose lives did not fit into the conventional mould of marriage and maternity. Hester and Kirsteen allow Oliphant to represent two very different versions of domesticity, and to reinforce the necessity for an extended version of it, which allows women the space to find personal growth and fulfilment. The paper engages with the scholarship of critics such as George Levine and Katherine Mullin to explore Oliphant's radical voice and to reinforce her place as an important writer.
    • Rain Dancers in the Data Cloud

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Templar Poetry, 2012-11-01)
      Poetry collection. Iota Shots Award Winner, 2012.
    • 'The rain it rainth in every frame': A defence of Trevor Nunn's Twelfth night (1996)

      Atkin, Graham; University of Chester (Chester Academic Press, 2009-08-22)
      This book chapter discusses the 1996 film version of Shakespeare's Twelfth night.
    • Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451

      Baker, Brian; University of Chester (Blackwell, 2005-08-01)
      This book chapter discusses Ray Bradbury's novel Fahrenheit 451. It focuses on the langauge used in the book, gender and subjectivity, religious symbolism, and places this within the context of Bradbury's life and 1950s America.
    • Re-dressing Revenants: Anxieties of the Body, the Self, and Desire when the Undead make a Stylish Return

      Heaton, Sarah; University of Chester (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2016-04-01)
      This chapter explores the recent vogue for stylish dressing of revenants focusing on the French television series The Returned and the novels Raising Stony Mayhall by Daryl Gregory and The Returned and its prequels by Jason Mott. Against a back drop of classic zombie figurations of disintegrating flesh and torn clothes these recent texts make a fascinating move in redressing revenants. The redressing refashions the relationship between the flesh and dress, the living, the dead and the undead. In these texts there is a particular focus on childhood and adolescent body anxiety and identity crisis. They explore the relationship of the self and socialisation, the inner private and outer public worlds of the self just at the moment when these are being formed. The chapter will suggest that the clothing here offers up an exploration into the fabric of society and the self. It will be argued that by dressing well the undead are a mirror which reveals the dark other within that has more to do with the socialised self than the figure of disintegrating nightmares. In part because of the stylish codes of dress the returned become not the horrific other but the object of desire. Through the sartorial doubling the texts reveal that identity and desire are Nietzschean by nature: ‘ In the end one loves one’s desire and not what is desired’. Finally it will be argued that it is the ‘clothing’ of the self, which becomes, in Kristevian terms, abject.