Now showing items 1-20 of 1019

    • Correction: Wiśniewska et al. Heterospecific Fear and Avoidance Behaviour in Domestic Horses (<i>Equus caballus</i>). <i>Animals</i> 2021, <i>11</i>, 3081.

      Wiśniewska, Anna; orcid: 0000-0003-1127-2960; Janczarek, Iwona; orcid: 0000-0001-9032-8840; Wilk, Izabela; orcid: 0000-0001-7958-2303; Tkaczyk, Ewelina; orcid: 0000-0003-4495-7413; Mierzicka, Martyna; Stanley, Christina R; orcid: 0000-0002-5053-4831; Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra; orcid: 0000-0002-2770-2278 (2022-08-10)
      The authors wish to make the following correction to this paper [...].
    • Practicing Lived Experience Leadership with Love: Photovoice Reflections of a Community-Led Crime Prevention Project

      BUCK, GILLIAN; orcid: 0000-0003-4398-8445; Ryan, Kemi; Ryan, Natasha (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022-09-16)
      Abstract Lived experience leadership is part of a broader international trend towards service user involvement in public services yet little is known about services developed and delivered by people with lived experience of the criminal justice system. Our innovative study, coproduced by two formerly imprisoned community practitioners and an academic researcher, aims to amplify the voices of people delivering and using a lived experience-led crime prevention project. Using photovoice methods, in which people use cameras to document their realities and advocate for change, we explore the potential of lived experience leadership to drive individual and social change. Some of the compelling images produced by the group are showcased, revealing how in contexts of suffering, social exclusion and negative expectations, forms of inclusive, loving, hopeful community praxis can be impactful. We conclude that allegiances between community practitioners and social workers could begin to disrupt harmful and oppressive structures and create locally led, hope-filled service provision. To broker such allied practices, we include a self-audit for social and community workers, inviting reflections focused on this ambitious goal.
    • The cat is out of the bag – point-of-care testing (POCT) is here to stay

      Phin, Nick; Poutanen, Susan M (European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), 2020-11-05)
    • Pentecostalism: A democratizing, liberating force for black women?

      McDonald, Patrice (Informa UK Limited, 2022-08-08)
    • Patronage and Power in the Medieval Welsh March: One Family’s Story, by David Stephenson

      Roberts, Sara Elin (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022-09-08)
    • N-3 fatty acid supplementation mediates lipid profile, including small dense LDL, when combined with statins: a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial.

      Dogay Us, Gediz; Mushtaq, Sohail (2022-09-01)
      Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that high-dose intake of omega 3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) have a favorable role in altering serum triglycerides (TG) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) when combined with statins in hyperlipidemic patients. Their efficacy in altering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) particle size is yet to be established. This study evaluated the effects of supplementing 4 g/day Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on serum blood lipids, including small, dense LDL-C particle concentration, in hyperlipidemic patients receiving stable statin therapy. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind parallel group study, 44 patients on statin therapy for > 8 weeks with non-HDL-C concentrations above 130 mg/dL were randomized into two groups. For 8 weeks, together with their prescribed statin, the intervention group received 4 g/day EPA + DHA (3000 mg EPA + 1000 mg DHA in ethyl ester form) and the placebo group received 4 g/day olive oil (OO). Measurements of serum non-HDL-C, TG, total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-C (including large - LDL I; intermediate - LDL II; and small - LDL III subclasses), very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) concentration, were taken at baseline and post-intervention. Dietary intake was assessed with a weighed intake, 3-day food diary at week 4. Primary outcome measures were percent change in LDL III, non-HDL-C and LDL particle number. At the end of treatment, the median percent change in serum LDL III concentration was significantly greater in the n-3 FA group plus atorvastatin compared to placebo (- 67.5% vs - 0%, respectively; P < 0.001). Supplementation with n-3 FA plus atorvastatin led to significant reductions in serum non-HDL-C (- 9.5% vs 4.7%, P < 0.01), TG (- 21.5% vs 6.2%, P < 0.001) and VLDL-C (- 36.9% vs 4.0%, P < 0.001) and TC (- 6.6% vs 2.1%, P < 0.001). Between the groups, no significant difference in percent change in the serum concentration of LDL-C, HDL-C, as well as in the LDL I and LDL II subclasses was observed. In this group of hyperlipidemic patients on a stable statin prescription, OM3 plus atorvastatin improved small dense LDL concentrations, non-HDL-C, VLDL-C and TG to a greater extent than atorvastatin alone. Further studies are warranted in this area. This trial was retrospectively registered on 23 May 2019 on ClinicalTrials.gov with ID: NCT03961763. [Abstract copyright: © 2022. The Author(s).]
    • Measuring Emotions and Empathy in Educational Leadership

      Lambert, Steve (IGI Global, 2022-06-24)
      Educational leadership combines transformational and transactional leadership. Yet this combination is not equal, instead favouring transformational leadership which is focused on an individual's social interactions and their ability to identify and react empathetically to others. Many leadership theorists suggest the ability to have and display empathy is an important part of leadership. Until recently the focus of determining an individual's ability to recognise emotions has been through self-reporting questionnaires. These can only be used to report manifestations in our body, picked up by self-awareness, such as anger, sadness, and joy. Therefore, individuals are reporting their awareness of and externalising of the sensation based on what they perceive the emotion to be. This chapter explores the use of neuroscientific techniques to better understand empathy. What this chapter highlights are that these techniques are more accurate at measuring an individual's ability to recognise emotions than the traditional self-reporting questionnaire.
    • Correction: Wiśniewska et al. Heterospecific Fear and Avoidance Behaviour in Domestic Horses (

      Wiśniewska, Anna; orcid: 0000-0003-1127-2960; Janczarek, Iwona; orcid: 0000-0001-9032-8840; Wilk, Izabela; orcid: 0000-0001-7958-2303; Tkaczyk, Ewelina; orcid: 0000-0003-4495-7413; Mierzicka, Martyna; Stanley, Christina R; orcid: 0000-0002-5053-4831; Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra; orcid: 0000-0002-2770-2278 (2022-08-10)
      The authors wish to make the following correction to this paper [...].
    • The Cost of Von Willebrand Disease in Europe: The CVESS Study

      Morgan, George; Brighton, Sarah; orcid: 0000-0003-3489-368X; Laffan, Mike; Goudemand, Jenny; Franks, Bethany; Finnegan, Alan (SAGE Publications, 2022-08-17)
      Background Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is one of the most common inherited bleeding disorders, imposing a substantial health impact and financial burden. The Cost of von Willebrand disease in Europe: A Socioeconomic Study (CVESS) characterises the socio-economic cost of VWD across Germany, Spain, Italy, France, and the UK. Methods A retrospective, cross-sectional design captured 12 months of patient disease management, collected from August-December 2018, for 974 patients. This enabled estimation of direct medical, direct non-medical and indirect costs, utilising prevalence estimates to extrapolate to population level. Results Total annual direct medical cost (including/excluding von Willebrand factor [VWF]) across all countries was the highest cost (€2 845 510 345/€444 446 023), followed by indirect costs (€367 330 271) and direct non-medical costs (€60 223 234). Differences were seen between countries: the UK had the highest direct medical costs excluding VWF (€159 791 064), Italy the highest direct-non medical (€26 564 496), and Germany the highest indirect cost burden (€197 036 052). Total direct medical costs per adult patient increased across VWD types with Type 1 having the lowest cost (€23 287) and Type 3 having the highest cost (€133 518). Conclusion A substantial financial burden arises from the prevalence of VWD for the European healthcare systems considered.
    • A unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-phenanthroline assembly with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

      Halevas, E; Matsia, S; Hatzidimitriou, A; Geromichalou, E; Papadopoulos, T A; Katsipis, G; Pantazaki, A; Litsardakis, G; Salifoglou, A (2022-07-30)
      Quercetin is one of the most bioactive and common dietary flavonoids, with a significant repertoire of biological and pharmacological properties. The biological activity of quercetin, however, is influenced by its limited solubility and bioavailability. Driven by the need to enhance quercetin bioavailability and bioactivity through metal ion complexation, synthetic efforts led to a unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-(1,10-phenanthroline) (1) compound. Physicochemical characterization (elemental analysis, FT-IR, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), UV-Visible, NMR, Electron Spray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS), Fluorescence, X-rays) revealed its solid-state and solution properties, with significant information emanating from the coordination sphere composition of Ce(III). The experimental data justified further entry of 1 in biological studies involving toxicity, (Reactive Oxygen Species, ROS)-suppressing potential, cell metabolism inhibition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) cultures, and plasmid DNA degradation. DFT calculations revealed its electronic structure profile, with in silico studies showing binding to DNA, DNA gyrase, and glutathione S-transferase, thus providing useful complementary insight into the elucidation of the mechanism of action of 1 at the molecular level and interpretation of its bio-activity. The collective work projects the importance of physicochemically supported bio-activity profile of well-defined Ce(III)-flavonoid compounds, thereby justifying focused pursuit of new hybrid metal-organic materials, effectively enhancing the role of naturally-occurring flavonoids in physiology and disease. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]
    • Pentecostalism: A democratizing, liberating force for black women?

      McDonald, Patrice (Informa UK Limited, 2022-08-08)
    • The road to “local green recovery”: Signposts from COVID‐19 lockdown life in the UK

      Collins, Rebecca; orcid: 0000-0002-5168-8429; welsh, Katharine (Wiley, 2022-02)
    • Nursing care for the military veteran and their family

      Finnegan, Alan; orcid: 0000-0002-2189-4926; Randles, Rebecca; orcid: 0000-0002-7401-5817 (Wiley, 2022-05-09)
    • Preliminary investigation of the effects of a concert on the behavior of zoo animals

      Harley, Jessica J.; Rowden, Lewis J.; Clifforde, Lisa M.; Power, Aisling; Stanley, Christina R. (Wiley, 2022-02-09)
    • Correction: Wiśniewska et al. Heterospecific Fear and Avoidance Behaviour in Domestic Horses ( Equus caballus ). Animals 2021, 11, 3081

      Wiśniewska, Anna; orcid: 0000-0003-1127-2960; Janczarek, Iwona; orcid: 0000-0001-9032-8840; Wilk, Izabela; orcid: 0000-0001-7958-2303; Tkaczyk, Ewelina; orcid: 0000-0003-4495-7413; Mierzicka, Martyna; Stanley, Christina R.; orcid: 0000-0002-5053-4831; Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra; orcid: 0000-0002-2770-2278; email: a.gorecka@igbzpan.pl (MDPI, 2022-08-10)
      The authors wish to make the following correction to this paper [...]