Othman, Abdullah; Harris, Robin K.; Hodgkinson, Paul; Christopher, Elizabeth A.; Lancaster, Robert W. (Royal Society of Chemistry/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2008)
Several crystal modifications of two steroids (androsterone and beclomethasone dipropionate) have been characterised by solid-state NMR methods, and the chemical shifts between the different forms compared. The gradual loss of water from androsterone hemihydrate has been monitored by XRPD. The crystal structures are discussed in relation to the NMR data. That of the beclomethasone dipropionate ethyl acetate solvate has been determined for the first time. It is found that there are clear channels containing the ethyl acetate molecules, which are apparently not incorporated by hydrogen bonding. Carbon-13 CPMAS spectra with long contact times and MAS proton spectra are used to show the mobility of ethyl acetate molecules in the BDP solvate. The second-order effect of chlorine on the 13C spectrum of beclomethasone dipropionate monohydrate has been explored by varying the applied magnetic field.
Fiander, Wendy; Peters, Lisa; Sinclair, Colin (SCONUL, 2003)
In September 2003, Learning Resources at University College Chester used the JISC-funded INFORMS tutorial for student induction into the computer network. The article comments on how the INFORMS computer induction tutorial was developed at Chester, how it was used, and plans for future developments.
In 2002, Learning Resources re-developed its user education materials. The library webpages were reorganised and updated, user education guides were updated to a common format and design, and a new logo was developed. The guides were promoted to students at the annual freshers fair. Difficulties with the project and future developments are discussed.
Gardner, Benjamin; Dewitt, Stephen; Smith, Lee; Buckley, John P.; Biddle, Stuart J. H.; Mansfield, Louise (BioMed Central, 2017-11-28)
Background Desk-based workers engage in long periods of uninterrupted sitting time, which has been associated with morbidity and premature mortality. Previous workplace intervention trials have demonstrated the potential of providing sit-stand workstations, and of administering motivational behaviour change techniques, for reducing sitting time. Yet, few studies have combined these approaches or explored the acceptability of discrete sitting-reduction behaviour change strategies. This paper describes the rationale for a sitting-reduction intervention that combines sit-stand workstations with motivational techniques, and procedures for a pilot study to explore the acceptability of core intervention components among university office workers. Methods The intervention is based on a theory and evidence-based analysis of why office workers sit, and how best to reduce sitting time. It seeks to enhance motivation and capability, as well as identify opportunities, required to reduce sitting time. Thirty office workers will participate in the pilot study. They will complete an initial awareness-raising monitoring and feedback task and subsequently receive a sit-stand workstation for a 12-week period. They will also select from a ‘menu’ of behaviour change techniques tailored to self-declared barriers to sitting reduction, effectively co-producing and personally tailoring their intervention. Interviews at 1, 6, and 12 weeks post-intervention will explore intervention acceptability. Discussion To our knowledge, this will be the first study to explore direct feedback from office workers on the acceptability of discrete tailored sitting-reduction intervention components that they have received. Participants’ choice of and reflections on intervention techniques will aid identification of strategies suitable for inclusion in the next iteration of the intervention, which will be delivered in a self-administered format to minimise resource burden. Trial registration ISRCTN29395780 (registered 21 November 2016)
Peters, Lisa (Oak Knoll Press & The British Library, 2008-05)
This book chapter discusses the actions of David Lloyd George (MP for the Carnarvon Boroughs and future Prime Minister) during the Boer War of 1899-1902 as seen by the local North Wales press, The chapter seeks to cast light upon local views of Lloyd George's stance and explain why he was re-elected with an increased majority in the 1900 general election, despite accusations of treason. Newspapers analysed include the Carnarvon & Denbigh Herald, the North Wales Times, Yr Herald Cymraeg, the North Wales Chronicle, the Wrexham Advertiser, the North Wales Guardian, the Holyhead Mail and Anglesey Herald, and Y Baner ac Amserau Cymru.
Slikker, William; de Souza Lima, Thalita A.; Archella, Davide; de Silva, Jarbas B.; Barton-Maclaren, Tara; Bo, Li; Buvinich, Danitza; Chaudhry, Qasim; Chuan, Peiying; Deluyker, Hubert; et al. (2018-07-23)
Emerging technologies are playing a major role in the generation of new approaches to assess the safety of both foods and drugs. However, the integration of emerging technologies in the regulatory decision-making process requires rigorous assessment and consensus amongst international partners and research communities. To that end, the Global Coalition for Regulatory Science Research (GCRSR) in partnership with the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) hosted the seventh Global Summit on Regulatory Science (GSRS17) in Brasilia, Brazil on September 18-20, 2017 to discuss the role of new approaches in regulatory science with a specific emphasis on applications in food and medical product safety. The global regulatory landscape concerning the application of new technologies was assessed in several countries worldwide. Challenges and issues were discussed in the context of developing an international consensus for objective criteria in the development, application and review of emerging technologies. The need for advanced approaches to allow for faster, less expensive and more predictive methodologies was elaborated. In addition, the strengths and weaknesses of each new approach was discussed. And finally, the need for standards and reproducible approaches was reviewed to enhance the application of the emerging technologies to improve food and drug safety. The overarching goal of GSRS17 was to provide a venue where regulators and researchers meet to develop collaborations addressing the most pressing scientific challenges and facilitate the adoption of novel technical innovations to advance the field of regulatory science. [Abstract copyright: Published by Elsevier Inc.]
Fiander, Wendy; Peters, Lisa (Library and Information Research Group, 2005)
This article discusses the impact of electronic information services on teaching and learning, the production of "impact indicators" to evaludate the usefulness of electronic resources, and how to increase the percieved value of electronic resources in the academic community.
Background Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and the functional, psychological and social consequences of HNC cancer and its treatment can be severe and chronic. Dysphagia (swallowing problems) affects up to two thirds of patients undergoing combined chemoradiotherapy. Recent reviews suggest that prophylactic swallowing exercises may improve a range of short- and long-term outcomes; however, the importance of psychological and behavioural factors on adherence to swallowing exercises has not been adequately studied. This study aims to develop and test the feasibility of a Swallowing intervention Package (SiP) designed in partnership with patients, speech and language therapists (SLTs) and other members of the head and neck multi-disciplinary team (MDT), for patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy (CRT) or radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer. Methods/design This feasibility study uses quantitative and qualitative research methods, within a quasi-experimental design, to assess whether patients will tolerate and adhere to the SiP intervention, which aspects of the intervention can be implemented and which cannot, whether treatment fidelity can be achieved across different contexts, whether study processes and outcome measures will be feasible and acceptable and to what extent the intervention is likely to have an impact on swallowing dysfunction and quality of life. Patients are being recruited from five sites in Scotland and England (three interventions and two usual care). The SLT based in the relevant intervention centre teaches the exercise programme and provides supporting materials. A combination of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), adherence measures and clinical swallowing assessments are used prior to intervention (baseline), at the end of treatment, 3 and 6 months post-treatment. Discussion This collaborative study has taken a unique approach to the development of a patient-centred and evidence-based swallowing intervention. The introduction of an e-SiP app provides an exploration of the use of technology in delivering this intervention. The study provides an opportunity to examine the feasibility of delivering and participating in a supported swallowing intervention across several different NHS sites and will provide the evidence needed to refine intervention and study processes for a future trial. Trial registration NCRI portfolio, 18192 & 20259
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