• Diagnosis and treatment of sacroiliac joint region pain in horses

      Stack, John David; Harley, Jessica (Mark Allen Group, 2021-07-02)
      The sacroiliac joint and pain deriving from this complex region remains poorly understood in horses, although our understanding grows as the body of literature grows. A deeper understanding can be derived from the richer body of literature in human sacroiliac joint pain as the disease processes and biomechanics appear similar in both species. A highly specific and sensitive diagnostic test for this condition does not exist, so equine clinicians have to make presumptive diagnosis based on presenting signs, findings of clinical examination, diagnostic imaging and the response to blocking of the sacroiliac joint region. Many horses with sacroiliac joint region pain have concurrent orthopaedic injury or disease. Treatment is largely based on fundamentals, anecdotal evidence and translation of non-surgical techniques used in humans. Treatment for other orthopaedic conditions can conflict with rehabilitation for sacroiliac joint region pain, necessitating compromise.
    • Virtual reality training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in schools

      Rees, Nigel; Beever, Lee; Vaughan, Neil; Powell, Carl; Fletcher, Adam; John, Nigel (Mark Allen Group, 2021-09-02)
      The UK average survival rate from out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is 8.6%, which is significantly lower than in comparable countries where survival rates can exceed 20%. A cardiac arrest victim is two to four times more likely to survive OHCA with bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Mandatory teaching of CPR in schools is an effective way, endorsed by the World Health Organization, to train the entire population and improve the bystander CPR rate. Despite this, as with other UK home nations, there is significant variation in provision of CPR training within schools in Wales. Virtual reality (VR) technology offers an accessible, immersive way to teach CPR skills to schoolchildren. Computer scientists at the University of Chester and the Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust developed Virtual Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (VCPR), which can be used to teach children CPR skills. There were three stages: identifying requirements and specifications; development of a prototype; and management—development of software, further funding and exploring opportunities for commercialisation.