• Regenerative Potential of Hydrogels for Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Lessons from Ischemic Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injury Research

      Thomas, Josephine M.; orcid: 0000-0002-1787-1748; email: josephine.thomas@manchester.ac.uk; Louca, Irene; orcid: 0000-0001-6982-4209; Bolan, Faye; orcid: 0000-0003-4182-544X; Sava, Oana‐Roxana; orcid: 0000-0002-4800-9077; Allan, Stuart M.; orcid: 0000-0001-9646-4456; Lawrence, Catherine B.; orcid: 0000-0002-2372-2968; Pinteaux, Emmanuel; orcid: 0000-0002-9986-4401 (2021-07-01)
      Abstract: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a deadly and debilitating type of stroke, caused by the rupture of cerebral blood vessels. To date, there are no restorative interventions approved for use in ICH patients, highlighting a critical unmet need. ICH shares some pathological features with other acute brain injuries such as ischemic stroke (IS) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), including the loss of brain tissue, disruption of the blood–brain barrier, and activation of a potent inflammatory response. New biomaterials such as hydrogels have been recently investigated for their therapeutic benefit in both experimental IS and TBI, owing to their provision of architectural support for damaged brain tissue and ability to deliver cellular and molecular therapies. Conversely, research on the use of hydrogels for ICH therapy is still in its infancy, with very few published reports investigating their therapeutic potential. Here, the published use of hydrogels in experimental ICH is commented upon and how approaches reported in the IS and TBI fields may be applied to ICH research to inform the design of future therapies is described. Unique aspects of ICH that are distinct from IS and TBI that should be considered when translating biomaterial‐based therapies between disease models are also highlighted.