Performance progression and variability in 100 m freestyle Paralympic swimmers: A comparison of medallists and para classifications
Manuscript_with supplementary ...
AffiliationUniversity of Chester; British Para-Swimming
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AbstractThis study quantified the performance progression and variability of elite 100 m freestyle para swimmers according to classification and medal status. To depict progression, annual world ranking times from 2009 to 2016 were obtained for 253 male and 236 female para swimmers and expressed relative to their respective (2012 & 2016) Paralympic Games performances. Comparisons according to medalling status and para classification were made using linear mixed models. Although not always continuous, swimmers generally progressed year-on-year by≈0.53%. Medallists made significantly greater performance progressions (2.76 ± 0.63%) than non-medallists (2.15 ± 0.31%) over the years preceding a Paralympic Games. The most physically impaired swimmers (S1-S4 classes) made significantly greater performance progressions in the final 3 years before a Paralympic Games than all other subgroups (S5-S6, S7-S10 & S11-S13). Within-swimmer variation in swimmers overall, expressed as coefficient of variation, was 0.56 ± 0.39%, whilst between-swimmer variation was 0.9 ± 0.2%. In both scenarios, S1-S4 swimmers evidenced greater overall variation. These findings have implications for para swimmers, coaches and support staff when planning training and analysing competition outcomes. We also propose performance variation to be a useful metric in the identification of para swimmers warranting (re-)classification.
CitationThomson, E., & Milligan, M. (2023). Performance progression and variability in 100 m freestyle Paralympic swimmers: A comparison of medallists and para classifications. Journal of Sports Sciences, vol(issue), pages. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2023.2200584
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
DescriptionThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 16/04/2023, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2023.2200584
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