Assessing the value of bypassing agent therapy used prophylactic versus on-demand, during immune tolerance induction for treatment of inhibitors: a retrospective chart review
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Haemophilia A is a bleeding disorder caused by deficiency of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) which leads to severe and repeated bleedings. There is a need to understand the optimal treatment pathway for FVIII inhibitors with the use of immune tolerance induction (ITI) and the role of haemostatic ‘bypassing’ agents (BPA) on-demand (OD) or prophylactically (Px). The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the real-world use of BPA therapy administered prophylactically or on-demand concomitant with ITI, for the treatment of an inhibitor to FVIII replacement therapy in patients with severe haemophilia A. Methods: Retrospective observational data were used to capture disease management information for patients who were aged 16 or under and had received ITI and BPA treatment for their most recent inhibitor from Jan-2015 to Jan-2019, for 47 patients in the UK and Germany. Descriptive comparisons of the clinical effectiveness and resource utilisation of Px and OD BPA therapy during ITI were conducted. Results: During ITI and BPA treatment, for an inhibitor, bleeding events averaged 1.5 and 1.2 for Px and OD treatment respectively. Compared to only BPA therapy we see 3.4 and 1.4 bleeding events for Px and OD respectively during an inhibitor. Conclusion: Baseline disease characteristics differed between BPA therapy cohorts and this resulted in higher clinical effectiveness of ITI treatment alongside BPA Px than BPA OD during an inhibitor.
CitationMorgan, G., Back, E., Rosa, D., O’Hara, J. & Finnegan, A. (2023). Assessing the value of bypassing agent therapy used prophylactic versus on-demand, during immune tolerance induction for treatment of inhibitors: A retrospective chart review. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 18(1), article number 47. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13023-023-02654-0
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2022-09-02, accepted 2023-02-27, registration 2023-02-28, epub 2023-03-07, online 2023-03-07, collection 2023-12
Acknowledgements: The authors thank Abi Lishman (HCD Economics) and Sohaib Asghar (HCD Economics) for their time and effort with supporting the project and interpretation of the results.
Publication status: Published