A unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-phenanthroline assembly with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
AffiliationAristotle Univeristy of Thessaloniki; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; University of Chester
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AbstractQuercetin is one of the most bioactive and common dietary flavonoids, with a significant repertoire of biological and pharmacological properties. The biological activity of quercetin, however, is influenced by its limited solubility and bioavailability. Driven by the need to enhance quercetin bioavailability and bioactivity through metal ion complexation, synthetic efforts led to a unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-(1,10-phenanthroline) (1) compound. Physicochemical characterization (elemental analysis, FT-IR, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), UV–Visible, NMR, Electron Spray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS), Fluorescence, X-rays) revealed its solid-state and solution properties, with significant information emanating from the coordination sphere composition of Ce(III). The experimental data justified further entry of 1 in biological studies involving toxicity, (Reactive Oxygen Species, ROS)-suppressing potential, cell metabolism inhibition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) cultures, and plasmid DNA degradation. DFT calculations revealed its electronic structure profile, with in silico studies showing binding to DNA, DNA gyrase, and glutathione S-transferase, thus providing useful complementary insight into the elucidation of the mechanism of action of 1 at the molecular level and interpretation of its bio-activity. The collective work projects the importance of physicochemically supported bio-activity profile of well-defined Ce(III)-flavonoid compounds, thereby justifying focused pursuit of new hybrid metal-organic materials, effectively enhancing the role of naturally-occurring flavonoids in physiology and disease.
CitationHalevas, E., Matsia, S., Hatzidimitriou, A., Geromichalou, E., Papadopoulos, T.A., Katsipis, G., ... Salifoglou, A. (2022). A unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-phenanthroline assembly with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 235 (Oct 2022), 111947. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2022.111947
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