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dc.contributor.authorHarley, Jessica J.
dc.contributor.authorRowden, Lewis J.
dc.contributor.authorClifforde, Lisa M.
dc.contributor.authorPower, Aisling
dc.contributor.authorStanley, Christina
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-06T11:56:29Z
dc.date.available2022-01-06T11:56:29Z
dc.date.issued2022-02-09
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/626619/Zoo%20Biology%20-%202022%20-%20Harley%20-%20Preliminary%20investigation%20of%20the%20effects%20of%20a%20concert%20on%20the%20behavior%20of%20zoo%20animals.pdf?sequence=7
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/626619/Preliminary%20investigation%20of%20a%20concert%20on%20the%20behaviour%20of%20zoo%20animals%20accepted.pdf?sequence=4
dc.identifier.citationHarley, J. J., Rowden, L. J., Clifforde, L. M., Power, A. & Stanley, C.R. (2022). Preliminary investigation of the effects of a concert on the behavior of zoo animals. Zoo Biology, 41(4), 308-327. https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21676en_US
dc.identifier.issn0733-3188
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/zoo.21676
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/626619
dc.descriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Harley, J. J., Rowden, L. J., Clifforde, L. M., Power, A. & Stanley, C.R. (2022). Preliminary investigation of the effects of a concert on the behavior of zoo animals. Zoo Biology, 41(4), 308-327], which has been published in final form at [https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21676]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.en_US
dc.description.abstractTo increase visitor footfall and engagement, zoos may host public events which may extend outside of typical opening hours. With plans to hold a 2-day concert at Tayto Park, Ireland, this study aimed to identify the behavioral response to the music event of a selected group of species in the zoo. Twenty-two species were observed across three Phases of the event (pre-, during and post-event). Specific behaviors of interest were categorized as active, resting, asleep, abnormal, and out of sight, with repeated observations being made at each enclosure during each Phase. Alongside these behavioral data, Sound Pressure Levels (SPLs) were concurrently recorded at the observation locations in terms of both dB(A) and dB(C). The median dB(C) levels during the event were found to be significantly higher (mdn = 64.5dB) when compared with both pre- (mdn = 60.7dB) and post-event Phases (mdn = 59.4dB), whilst dB(A) levels were only significantly higher during the event (51.7dB) when compared with the pre-event Phase (mdn = 49.8dB). We found some species-specific behavioral changes (mainly associated with active and resting behaviors) correlated with increased SPLs and/or event itself. However, the behavioral responses varied between species and there were numerous species which did not respond with any change in behavior to the increased SPLs or the event itself. This variation in response across species reinforces the need for monitoring of behavioral changes as well as consideration of their natural behavioral ecology when implementing appropriate mitigation strategies. Further research should be encouraged to provide evidence-based assessment of how music events may affect animal welfare and behavior and to test the efficacy of mitigation strategies that are implemented to safeguard animal welfare.en_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/zoo.21676en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectzoo managementen_US
dc.subjecteventen_US
dc.subjectanimal behavioren_US
dc.subjectanimal welfareen_US
dc.titlePreliminary investigation of the effects of a concert on the behavior of zoo animalsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1098-2361en_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester; Knowsley Safari Park, ZSL; Tayto Parken_US
dc.identifier.journalZoo Biologyen_US
or.grant.openaccessYesen_US
rioxxterms.funderunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2023-02-09
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-04
rioxxterms.publicationdate2022-02-09
dc.date.deposited2022-01-06en_US
dc.indentifier.issn0733-3188en_US


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International