Anticipated Memories and Adaptation from Past Flood Events in Gregório Creek Basin, Brazil
AuthorsFialho, Hailton César Pimentel; orcid: 0000-0003-0866-2044; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abreu, Fernando Girardi; orcid: 0000-0003-0760-7182; email: email@example.com
Sousa, Bruno José de Oliveira; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Souza, Felipe Augusto Arguello; email: email@example.com
Bhattacharya-Mis, Namrata; orcid: 0000-0003-4967-8325; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mendiondo, Eduardo Mario; orcid: 0000-0003-2319-2773; email: email@example.com
Oliveira, Paulo Tarso Sanches de; orcid: 0000-0003-2806-0083; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractIn this research we used walking interviews to investigate the measures used by shopkeepers as protection against floods. The concept of anticipated memory has been used to identify the relationship between their learning from previous events and the adaptive measures they have taken to reduce risk of future flooding in Gregório Creek basin. The area is affected by major flooding issues in the city of São Carlos, southeastern Brazil. Twenty-three (23) downtown merchants shared their experience of the extreme rainfall that occurred on 12 January 2020, characterized by a return period of 103 years. Comparing our findings with November 2015 and March 2018 floods (Interviews 37 and 52 respectively), we noted that due to the enhanced level of threat, people had changed their adaptation strategy by increasing the sum of floodgate height more than 4-fold (870 cm to 3830 cm) between 2015 to 2020. Our results showed that despite frequent flooding, the shopkeepers downtown were reluctant to move away from the area; rather, they preferred to improve their individual protection. The substantial increase in the height of the floodgates represents the population’s feedback in the face of a new level of threat.
CitationWater, volume 13, issue 23, page e3394
DescriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
History: accepted 2021-11-23, pub-electronic 2021-12-01
Publication status: Published
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