Conductive Polymeric-Based Electroactive Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering Applications: Current Progress and Challenges from Biomaterials and Manufacturing Perspectives
AuthorsMarsudi, Maradhana Agung; orcid: 0000-0003-0741-9683; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ariski, Ridhola Tri; email: email@example.com
Wibowo, Arie; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cooper, Glen; orcid: 0000-0002-9568-8973; email: email@example.com
Barlian, Anggraini; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rachmantyo, Riska; email: email@example.com
Bartolo, Paulo J. D. S.; orcid: 0000-0003-3683-726X; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe practice of combining external stimulation therapy alongside stimuli-responsive bio-scaffolds has shown massive potential for tissue engineering applications. One promising example is the combination of electrical stimulation (ES) and electroactive scaffolds because ES could enhance cell adhesion and proliferation as well as modulating cellular specialization. Even though electroactive scaffolds have the potential to revolutionize the field of tissue engineering due to their ability to distribute ES directly to the target tissues, the development of effective electroactive scaffolds with specific properties remains a major issue in their practical uses. Conductive polymers (CPs) offer ease of modification that allows for tailoring the scaffold’s various properties, making them an attractive option for conductive component in electroactive scaffolds. This review provides an up-to-date narrative of the progress of CPs-based electroactive scaffolds and the challenge of their use in various tissue engineering applications from biomaterials perspectives. The general issues with CP-based scaffolds relevant to its application as electroactive scaffolds were discussed, followed by a more specific discussion in their applications for specific tissues, including bone, nerve, skin, skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle scaffolds. Furthermore, this review also highlighted the importance of the manufacturing process relative to the scaffold’s performance, with particular emphasis on additive manufacturing, and various strategies to overcome the CPs’ limitations in the development of electroactive scaffolds.
CitationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences, volume 22, issue 21, page e11543
DescriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
History: accepted 2021-10-25, pub-electronic 2021-10-26
Publication status: Published
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Gene-Environment Interactions Relevant to Estrogen and Risk of Breast Cancer: Can Gene-Environment Interactions Be Detected Only among Candidate SNPs from Genome-Wide Association Studies?Park, JooYong; email: email@example.com; Choi, Ji-Yeob; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Choi, Jaesung; email: email@example.com; Chung, Seokang; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Song, Nan; orcid: 0000-0002-9182-1060; email: email@example.com; Park, Sue K.; orcid: 0000-0001-5002-9707; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Han, Wonshik; email: email@example.com; Noh, Dong-Young; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Ahn, Sei-Hyun; email: email@example.com; Lee, Jong Won; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; et al. (MDPI, 2021-05-14)In this study we aim to examine gene–environment interactions (GxEs) between genes involved with estrogen metabolism and environmental factors related to estrogen exposure. GxE analyses were conducted with 1970 Korean breast cancer cases and 2052 controls in the case-control study, the Seoul Breast Cancer Study (SEBCS). A total of 11,555 SNPs from the 137 candidate genes were included in the GxE analyses with eight established environmental factors. A replication test was conducted by using an independent population from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC), with 62,485 Europeans and 9047 Asians. The GxE tests were performed by using two-step methods in GxEScan software. Two interactions were found in the SEBCS. The first interaction was shown between rs13035764 of NCOA1 and age at menarche in the GE|2df model (p-2df = 1.2 × 10−3). The age at menarche before 14 years old was associated with the high risk of breast cancer, and the risk was higher when subjects had homozygous minor allele G. The second GxE was shown between rs851998 near ESR1 and height in the GE|2df model (p-2df = 1.1 × 10−4). Height taller than 160 cm was associated with a high risk of breast cancer, and the risk increased when the minor allele was added. The findings were not replicated in the BCAC. These results would suggest specificity in Koreans for breast cancer risk.
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