Generation of Alkalinity by Stimulation of Microbial Iron Reduction in Acid Rock Drainage Systems: Impact of Natural Organic Matter Types
AuthorsJimenez-Castaneda, Martha E.; orcid: 0000-0001-8039-1002
Vaughan, David J.
Lloyd, Jonathan R.; orcid: 0000-0002-0719-0498
van Dongen, Bart E.; orcid: 0000-0003-1189-142X; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractAbstract: To determine the role of organic matter in the attenuation of acid rock drainage (ARD), microcosm-based experiments were performed using ARD stimulated with plants and manures. Initial mineralogical, organic geochemical and microbial analyses indicated a predominance of goethite, a substantial amount of organic carbon originating from local sources, and a bacterial community comparable with those detected in a range of ARD sites worldwide. After 100 days of incubation, changes in the mineralogical, organic and microbiological composition of the ARD demonstrated that the plant additions stimulate microbes with the potential to degrade this organic matter but do not necessarily cause substantial Fe(III) reduction. Conversely, the greatest observed stimulation of Fe(III) reduction, associated with an increase in pH to near-neutral values, was observed using manure additions. These results demonstrate that the use of the optimal natural carbon source is important and can promote the metabolism of microorganisms potentially fuelling a range of geomicrobial processes, including iron and sulfate reduction.
CitationWater, Air, & Soil Pollution, volume 231, issue 9, page 472
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-04-08, accepted 2020-08-13, registration 2020-08-14, pub-electronic 2020-08-31, online 2020-08-31, pub-print 2020-09
Publication status: Published
Funder: CONACyT-Mexico; Grant(s): 308702