Foxm1 regulates neural progenitor fate during spinal cord regeneration
AuthorsPelzer, Diane; orcid: 0000-0001-6906-2451
Phipps, Lauren S; orcid: 0000-0001-9324-5469
Gallardo‐Dodd, Carlos J; orcid: 0000-0002-6086-0550
Baker, Syed Murtuza; orcid: 0000-0002-6633-333X
Dorey, Karel; orcid: 0000-0003-0846-5286; email: email@example.com
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAbstract: Xenopus tadpoles have the ability to regenerate their tails upon amputation. Although some of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that globally regulate tail regeneration have been characterised, tissue‐specific response to injury remains poorly understood. Using a combination of bulk and single‐cell RNA sequencing on isolated spinal cords before and after amputation, we identify a number of genes specifically expressed in the spinal cord during regeneration. We show that Foxm1, a transcription factor known to promote proliferation, is essential for spinal cord regeneration. Surprisingly, Foxm1 does not control the cell cycle length of neural progenitors but regulates their fate after division. In foxm1−/− tadpoles, we observe a reduction in the number of neurons in the regenerating spinal cord, suggesting that neuronal differentiation is necessary for the regenerative process. Altogether, our data uncover a spinal cord‐specific response to injury and reveal a new role for neuronal differentiation during regeneration.
CitationEMBO reports, page e50932
DescriptionFrom Wiley via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-05-20, rev-recd 2021-06-24, accepted 2021-07-01, pub-electronic 2021-08-24
Article version: VoR
Publication status: Published
Funder: Wellcome Trust; Grant(s): 205894/Z/17/Z
Funder: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Research Training Support; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000268; Grant(s): BB/M011208/1
Funder: UKRI|Medical Research Council (MRC); Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000265; Grant(s): MR/M008908/1
Funder: Wellcome Trust (ISSF fund)
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No Difference in Penetrance between Truncating and Missense/Aberrant Splicing Pathogenic Variants in MLH1 and MSH2: A Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database StudyDominguez-Valentin, Mev; orcid: 0000-0001-7856-0057; email: Mev.Dominguez.Valentin@rr-research.no; Plazzer, John-Paul; orcid: 0000-0001-5114-4301; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Sampson, Julian R.; email: Sampson@cardiff.ac.uk; Engel, Christoph; orcid: 0000-0002-7247-282X; email: email@example.com; Aretz, Stefan; orcid: 0000-0002-5228-1890; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Jenkins, Mark A.; email: email@example.com; Sunde, Lone; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Bernstein, Inge; email: email@example.com; Capella, Gabriel; orcid: 0000-0002-4669-7320; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Balaguer, Francesc; orcid: 0000-0002-0206-0539; email: email@example.com; et al. (MDPI, 2021-06-28)Background. Lynch syndrome is the most common genetic predisposition for hereditary cancer. Carriers of pathogenic changes in mismatch repair (MMR) genes have an increased risk of developing colorectal (CRC), endometrial, ovarian, urinary tract, prostate, and other cancers, depending on which gene is malfunctioning. In Lynch syndrome, differences in cancer incidence (penetrance) according to the gene involved have led to the stratification of cancer surveillance. By contrast, any differences in penetrance determined by the type of pathogenic variant remain unknown. Objective. To determine cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants of the MLH1 and MSH2 genes. Methods. Carriers of pathogenic variants of MLH1 (path_MLH1) and MSH2 (path_MSH2) genes filed in the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD) were categorized as truncating or missense/aberrant splicing according to the InSiGHT criteria for pathogenicity. Results. Among 5199 carriers, 1045 had missense or aberrant splicing variants, and 3930 had truncating variants. Prospective observation years for the two groups were 8205 and 34,141 years, respectively, after which there were no significant differences in incidences for cancer overall or for colorectal cancer or endometrial cancers separately. Conclusion. Truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants were associated with similar average cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of path MLH1 and path_MSH2.
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