Investigating the importance of B cells and antibodies during Trichuris muris infection using the IgMi mouse
AuthorsSahputra, Rinal; orcid: 0000-0001-6612-0417; email: email@example.com
Murphy, Emma A
Fadlullah, Muhammad Z. H.
Else, Kathryn J.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractAbstract: The IgMi mouse has normal B cell development; its B cells express an IgM B cell receptor but cannot class switch or secrete antibody. Thus, the IgMi mouse offers a model system by which to dissect out antibody-dependent and antibody-independent B cell function. Here, we provide the first detailed characterisation of the IgMi mouse post-Trichuris muris (T. muris) infection, describing expulsion phenotype, cytokine production, gut pathology and changes in T regulatory cells, T follicular helper cells and germinal centre B cells, in addition to RNA sequencing (RNA seq) analyses of wild-type littermates (WT) and mutant B cells prior to and post infection. IgMi mice were susceptible to a high-dose infection, with reduced Th2 cytokines and elevated B cell-derived IL-10 in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) compared to controls. A low-dose infection regime revealed IgMi mice to have significantly more apoptotic cells in the gut compared to WT mice, but no change in intestinal inflammation. IL-10 levels were again elevated. Collectively, this study showcases the potential of the IgMi mouse as a tool for understanding B cell biology and suggests that the B cell plays both antibody-dependent and antibody-independent roles post high- and low-dose T. muris infection. Key messages: During a high-dose T. muris infection, B cells are important in maintaining the Th1/Th2 balance in the MLN through an antibody-independent mechanism. High levels of IL-10 in the MLN early post-infection, and the presence of IL-10-producing B cells, correlates with susceptibility to T. muris infection. B cells maintain gut homeostasis during chronic T. muris infection via an antibody-dependent mechanism.
CitationJournal of Molecular Medicine, volume 98, issue 9, page 1301-1317
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-04-24, rev-recd 2020-06-24, registration 2020-07-17, accepted 2020-07-17, pub-electronic 2020-08-10, online 2020-08-10, pub-print 2020-09
Publication status: Published
Funder: Indonesian endowment fund for education, Phd Studentship
Funder: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council UK, PhD Studenship
Funder: Medical Research Council UK; Grant(s): MR/NO22661/1 to KJE
Funder: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council UK; Grant(s): BB/P018157/1 to KJE