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dc.contributor.authorDing, Yifei; email: yifei.ding@manchester.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorHassan, Mohammed H.; orcid: 0000-0002-0832-8559; email: Mohamed.hassan@manchester.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorBakker, Otto; orcid: 0000-0002-1862-6955; email: ottojan.bakker@manchester.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorHinduja, Srichand; email: sri.hinduja@manchester.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorBártolo, Paulo; orcid: 0000-0003-3683-726X; email: paulojorge.dasilvabartolo@manchester.ac.uk
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-29T23:13:49Z
dc.date.available2021-07-29T23:13:49Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-28
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/625424/additional-files.zip?sequence=2
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/625424/materials-14-04209.pdf?sequence=3
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/625424/materials-14-04209.xml?sequence=4
dc.identifier.citationMaterials, volume 14, issue 15, page e4209
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/625424
dc.descriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
dc.descriptionHistory: accepted 2021-07-26, pub-electronic 2021-07-28
dc.descriptionPublication status: Published
dc.description.abstractMicrocellular injection moulding (MuCell®) is a polymer processing technology that uses a supercritical fluid inert gas, CO2 or N2, to produce light-weight products. Due to environmental pressures and the requirement of light-weight parts with good mechanical properties, this technology recently gained significant attention. However, poor surface appearance and limited mechanical properties still prevent the wide applications of this technique. This paper reviews the microcellular injection moulding process, main characteristics of the process, bubble nucleation and growth, and major recent developments in the field. Strategies to improve both the surface quality and mechanical properties are discussed in detail as well as the relationships between processing parameters, morphology, and surface and mechanical properties. Modelling approaches to simulate microcellular injection moulding and the mathematical models behind Moldex 3D and Moldflow, the two most commonly used software tools by industry and academia, are reviewed, and the main limitations are highlighted. Finally, future research perspectives to further develop this technology are also discussed.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rightsLicence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceeissn: 1996-1944
dc.subjectmechanical properties
dc.subjectmicrocellular injection moulding
dc.subjectMuCell®
dc.subjectpolymer processing
dc.subjectprocessing parameters
dc.subjectsurface quality
dc.titleA Review on Microcellular Injection Moulding
dc.typearticle
dc.date.updated2021-07-29T23:13:49Z
dc.date.accepted2021-07-26


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