Transcriptomic Profile Reveals Deregulation of Hearing-Loss Related Genes in Vestibular Schwannoma Cells Following Electromagnetic Field Exposure
AuthorsColciago, Alessandra; orcid: 0000-0001-6281-514X; email: email@example.com
Audano, Matteo; orcid: 0000-0003-2791-4526; email: Matteo.Audano@unimi.it
Bonalume, Veronica; orcid: 0000-0002-1185-2351; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Melfi, Valentina; orcid: 0000-0001-5289-9618; email: email@example.com
Mohamed, Tasnim; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reid, Adam J.; orcid: 0000-0003-1752-3302; email: Adam.Reid@manchester.ac.uk
Faroni, Alessandro; orcid: 0000-0003-4435-6423; email: email@example.com
Greer, Peter A.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mitro, Nico; orcid: 0000-0002-5000-3619; email: email@example.com
Magnaghi, Valerio; orcid: 0000-0002-6903-7042; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractHearing loss (HL) is the most common sensory disorder in the world population. One common cause of HL is the presence of vestibular schwannoma (VS), a benign tumor of the VIII cranial nerve, arising from Schwann cell (SC) transformation. In the last decade, the increasing incidence of VS has been correlated to electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure, which might be considered a pathogenic cause of VS development and HL. Here, we explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the biologic changes of human SCs and/or their oncogenic transformation following EMF exposure. Through NGS technology and RNA-Seq transcriptomic analysis, we investigated the genomic profile and the differential display of HL-related genes after chronic EMF. We found that chronic EMF exposure modified the cell proliferation, in parallel with intracellular signaling and metabolic pathways changes, mostly related to translation and mitochondrial activities. Importantly, the expression of HL-related genes such as NEFL, TPRN, OTOGL, GJB2, and REST appeared to be deregulated in chronic EMF exposure. In conclusion, we suggest that, at a preclinical stage, EMF exposure might promote the transformation of VS cells and contribute to HL.
CitationCells, volume 10, issue 7, page e1840
DescriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
History: accepted 2021-07-18, pub-electronic 2021-07-20
Publication status: Published
Funder: Capita Foundation; Grant(s): grant 2019 to V.M.
Funder: Università degli Studi di Milano; Grant(s): grant PSR_VMAGN_2019 to V.M
Funder: MIUR Italian Ministry of Research; Grant(s): Progetto di Eccellenza
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