The development of clinical thinking in trainee physicians: the educator perspective
AuthorsLocke, Rachel; orcid: 0000-0003-3300-4908; email: Rachel.firstname.lastname@example.org
Masding, Mike G.
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AbstractAbstract: Background: An important element of effective clinical practice is the way physicians think when they encounter a clinical situation, with a significant number of trainee physicians challenged by translating their learning into professional practice in the clinical setting. This research explores the perceptions of educators about how trainee physicians develop their clinical thinking in clinical settings. It considers what educators and their colleagues did to help, as well as the nature of the context in which they worked. Method: A qualitative approach was used in this study with in depth interviews carried out with educators as key informants. Rich data derived from 15 interview transcripts were analysed thematically in a rigorous and iterative process. Results: Three broad and overlapping themes were identified: working in an educationally minded culture; proximity of the educator to the trainee physician; and trajectory of the trainee physician. The departments in which these educators worked emphasised the importance for the education of trainee physicians. All members of the team were responsible for education of the team, and all members, particularly senior nurses, were able to give feedback upon the trainee physicians’ progress. Educators described working side by side with their trainee physician and frequently being in close proximity to them which means that the educator was both easily accessible and spent more time with their trainee physicians. They described a trajectory of the trainee physicians through the placement with close monitoring and informal assessment throughout. Conclusion: Recommendations are made as to how trainee physicians can be supported to develop their clinical thinking. Educators and managers can analyse their own and their department’s practice and select the recommendations relevant to their local circumstances in order to make change. This study adds the educator perspective to a body of literature about the importance of context and supportive learning environments. As such the discussion is applicable to the education of other health professionals.
CitationBMC Medical Education, volume 20, issue 1, page 226
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-04-13, accepted 2020-07-02, registration 2020-07-02, pub-electronic 2020-07-16, online 2020-07-16, collection 2020-12
Publication status: Published
Funder: Health Education England