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dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Roy
dc.contributor.authorAllan, James
dc.contributor.authorCaruthers, David
dc.contributor.authorHeal, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Alastair
dc.contributor.authorMarner, Ben
dc.contributor.authorMurrells, Tim
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-20T13:40:12Z
dc.date.available2021-07-20T13:40:12Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-01
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/625278/Publication%20Non-Exhaust%20Vehicle%20Emissions%20V8__accepted%20version.pdf?sequence=4
dc.identifier.citationHarrison, R. M., Allan, J., Carruthers, D., Heal, M. R., Lewis, A. C., Marner, B., . . . Williams, A. (2021). Non-exhaust vehicle emissions of particulate matter and VOC from road traffic: A review. Atmospheric Environment, 262, 118592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118592
dc.identifier.issn1352-2310
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118592
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/625278
dc.description.abstractAs exhaust emissions of particles and volatile organic compounds (VOC) from road vehicles have progressively come under greater control, non-exhaust emissions have become an increasing proportion of the total emissions, and in many countries now exceed exhaust emissions. Non-exhaust particle emissions arise from abrasion of the brakes and tyres and wear of the road surface, as well as from resuspension of road dusts. The national emissions, particle size distributions and chemical composition of each of these sources is reviewed. Most estimates of airborne concentrations derive from the use of chemical tracers of specific emissions; the tracers and airborne concentrations estimated from their use are considered. Particle size distributions have been measured both in the laboratory and in field studies, and generally show particles to be in both the coarse (PM2.5-10) and fine (PM2.5) fractions, with a larger proportion in the former. The introduction of battery electric vehicles is concluded to have only a small effect on overall road traffic particle emissions. Approaches to numerical modelling of non-exhaust particles in the atmosphere are reviewed. Abatement measures include engineering controls, especially for brake wear, improved materials (e.g. for tyre wear) and road surface cleaning and dust suppressants for resuspension. Emissions from solvents in screen wash and de-icers now dominate VOC emissions from traffic in the UK, and exhibit a very different composition to exhaust VOC emissions. Likely future trends in non-exhaust particle emissions are described.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1352231021004143en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectnon-exhaust emissionsen_US
dc.subjectroad trafficen_US
dc.subjectparticulate matteren_US
dc.subjectwearen_US
dc.subjectresuspensionen_US
dc.subjectemissionsen_US
dc.subjectvolatile organic compoundsen_US
dc.titleNon-Exhaust Vehicle Emissions of Particulate Matter and VOC from Road Traffic: A Reviewen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Birmingham; University of Manchester; Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants; University of Edinburgh; University of York; Air Quality Consultants; Ricardo Energy and Environment; University of Chester; King Abdulaziz Universityen_US
dc.identifier.journalAtmospheric Environmenten_US
or.grant.openaccessYesen_US
rioxxterms.funderunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118592en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2023-07-01
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-06-28
rioxxterms.publicationdate2021-07-01
dc.date.deposited2021-07-20en_US


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International