Targeting the MAPK7/MMP9 axis for metastasis in primary bone cancer
AuthorsGreen, Darrell; orcid: 0000-0002-0217-3322
Singh, Archana; orcid: 0000-0002-5027-4582
Taylor, Jessica T.
Dalmay, Tamas; orcid: 0000-0003-1492-5429
Fraser, William D.; orcid: 0000-0003-0556-3358; email: email@example.com
Finegan, Katherine G.; orcid: 0000-0003-2885-0122; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAbstract: Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer-related death. This multistage process involves contribution from both tumour cells and the tumour stroma to release metastatic cells into the circulation. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) survive circulatory cytotoxicity, extravasate and colonise secondary sites effecting metastatic outcome. Reprogramming the transcriptomic landscape is a metastatic hallmark, but detecting underlying master regulators that drive pathological gene expression is a key challenge, especially in childhood cancer. Here we used whole tumour plus single-cell RNA-sequencing in primary bone cancer and CTCs to perform weighted gene co-expression network analysis to systematically detect coordinated changes in metastatic transcript expression. This approach with comparisons applied to data collected from cell line models, clinical samples and xenograft mouse models revealed mitogen-activated protein kinase 7/matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MAPK7/MMP9) signalling as a driver for primary bone cancer metastasis. RNA interference knockdown of MAPK7 reduces proliferation, colony formation, migration, tumour growth, macrophage residency/polarisation and lung metastasis. Parallel to these observations were reduction of activated interleukins IL1B, IL6, IL8 plus mesenchymal markers VIM and VEGF in response to MAPK7 loss. Our results implicate a newly discovered, multidimensional MAPK7/MMP9 signalling hub in primary bone cancer metastasis that is clinically actionable.
CitationOncogene, volume 39, issue 33, page 5553-5569
PublisherNature Publishing Group UK
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-03-17, rev-recd 2020-05-24, accepted 2020-06-23, registration 2020-06-24, pub-electronic 2020-07-13, online 2020-07-13, pub-print 2020-08-13
Publication status: Published
Funder: Friends of Rosie
Funder: THRT, Big C, Paget's Association
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No Difference in Penetrance between Truncating and Missense/Aberrant Splicing Pathogenic Variants in MLH1 and MSH2: A Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database StudyDominguez-Valentin, Mev; orcid: 0000-0001-7856-0057; email: Mev.Dominguez.Valentin@rr-research.no; Plazzer, John-Paul; orcid: 0000-0001-5114-4301; email: email@example.com; Sampson, Julian R.; email: Sampson@cardiff.ac.uk; Engel, Christoph; orcid: 0000-0002-7247-282X; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Aretz, Stefan; orcid: 0000-0002-5228-1890; email: email@example.com; Jenkins, Mark A.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Sunde, Lone; email: email@example.com; Bernstein, Inge; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Capella, Gabriel; orcid: 0000-0002-4669-7320; email: email@example.com; Balaguer, Francesc; orcid: 0000-0002-0206-0539; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; et al. (MDPI, 2021-06-28)Background. Lynch syndrome is the most common genetic predisposition for hereditary cancer. Carriers of pathogenic changes in mismatch repair (MMR) genes have an increased risk of developing colorectal (CRC), endometrial, ovarian, urinary tract, prostate, and other cancers, depending on which gene is malfunctioning. In Lynch syndrome, differences in cancer incidence (penetrance) according to the gene involved have led to the stratification of cancer surveillance. By contrast, any differences in penetrance determined by the type of pathogenic variant remain unknown. Objective. To determine cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants of the MLH1 and MSH2 genes. Methods. Carriers of pathogenic variants of MLH1 (path_MLH1) and MSH2 (path_MSH2) genes filed in the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD) were categorized as truncating or missense/aberrant splicing according to the InSiGHT criteria for pathogenicity. Results. Among 5199 carriers, 1045 had missense or aberrant splicing variants, and 3930 had truncating variants. Prospective observation years for the two groups were 8205 and 34,141 years, respectively, after which there were no significant differences in incidences for cancer overall or for colorectal cancer or endometrial cancers separately. Conclusion. Truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants were associated with similar average cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of path MLH1 and path_MSH2.
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