Glories, hidden rainbows and nearside-farside interference effects in the angular scattering of the state-to-state H + HD → H
AuthorsXiahou, Chengkui; orcid: 0000-0003-2293-6945
Connor, J N L; orcid: 0000-0001-7247-8132; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractYuan et al. [Nat. Chem., 2018, 10, 653] have reported state-of-the-art measurements of differential cross sections (DCSs) for the H + HD → H2 + D reaction, measuring for the first time fast oscillations in the small-angle forward region of the DCSs. We theoretically analyse the angular scattering dynamics in order to quantitatively understand the physical content of structure in the DCSs. We study the H + HD(vi = 0, ji = 0, mi = 0) → H2(vf = 0, jf = 0,1,2,3, mf = 0) + D reaction for the whole range of scattering angles from θR = 0° to θR = 180°, where v, j, m are the vibrational, rotational and helicity quantum numbers respectively for the initial and final states. The restriction to mf = 0 arises because states with mf ≠ 0 have DCSs that are identically zero in the forward (θR = 0°) and backward (θR = 180°) directions. We use accurate quantum scattering matrix elements computed by Yuan et al. at a translational energy of 1.35 eV for the BKMP2 potential energy surface. The following theoretical techniques are employed to analyse the DCSs: (a) full and nearside-farside (NF) partial wave series (PWS) and local angular momentum theory, including resummations of the full PWS up to third order. We also use window representations of the scattering matrix, which give rise to truncated PWS, (b) six asymptotic (semiclassical) small-angle glory theories and four N rainbow theories, (c) we introduce "CoroGlo" tests, which let us distinguish between glory and corona scattering at small angles for Legendre PWS, (d) the semiclassical optical model (SOM) of Herschbach is employed to understand structure in the DCSs at intermediate and large angles. Our conclusions are: (a) the small-angle peaks in the DCSs arise mainly from glory scattering. For the 000 → 020 transition, there is also a contribution from a broad, or hidden, N rainbow, (b) at larger angles, the fast oscillations in the DCSs arise from NF interference, (c) the N scattering in the fast oscillation region contains a hidden rainbow for the 000, 020, 030 cases. For the 000 → 020 transition, the rainbow extends up to θR ≈ 60°; for the 000 and 030 cases, the angular ranges containing a N rainbow are smaller, (d) at intermediate and backward angles, the slowly varying DCSs, which merge into slow oscillations, are explained by the SOM. Physically it shows this structure in a DCS arises from direct scattering and is a distorted mirror image of the corresponding probability versus total angular momentum quantum number plot.
CitationPhysical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, volume 23, issue 23, page 13349-13369
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Publication status: ppublish