Initial study on TMPRSS2 p.Val160Met genetic variant in COVID-19 patients.
Damayanti, Nevy Shinta
Kurniati, Neneng Dewi
Adiatmaja, Christophorus Oetama
Wigianita, Monica Rizky
Prakoeswa, Cita Rosita Sigit
Puspaningsih, Ni Nyoman Tri
Lusida, Maria Inge
Oceandy, Delvac; orcid: 0000-0002-6242-6491; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Abstract<h4>Background</h4>Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health problem that causes millions of deaths worldwide. The clinical manifestation of COVID-19 widely varies from asymptomatic infection to severe pneumonia and systemic inflammatory disease. It is thought that host genetic variability may affect the host's response to the virus infection and thus cause severity of the disease. The SARS-CoV-2 virus requires interaction with its receptor complex in the host cells before infection. The transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) has been identified as one of the key molecules involved in SARS-CoV-2 virus receptor binding and cell invasion. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the correlation between a genetic variant within the human TMPRSS2 gene and COVID-19 severity and viral load.<h4>Results</h4>We genotyped 95 patients with COVID-19 hospitalised in Dr Soetomo General Hospital and Indrapura Field Hospital (Surabaya, Indonesia) for the TMPRSS2 p.Val160Met polymorphism. Polymorphism was detected using a TaqMan assay. We then analysed the association between the presence of the genetic variant and disease severity and viral load. We did not observe any correlation between the presence of TMPRSS2 genetic variant and the severity of the disease. However, we identified a significant association between the p.Val160Met polymorphism and the SARS-CoV-2 viral load, as estimated by the Ct value of the diagnostic nucleic acid amplification test. Furthermore, we observed a trend of association between the presence of the C allele and the mortality rate in patients with severe COVID-19.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Our data indicate a possible association between TMPRSS2 p.Val160Met polymorphism and SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and the outcome of COVID-19.
CitationHuman genomics, volume 15, issue 1, page 29
DescriptionFrom Europe PMC via Jisc Publications Router
History: ppub 2021-05-01, epub 2021-05-17
Publication status: Published
Funder: Universitas Airlangga; Grant(s): Mandate Reserach Grant COVID-19