Prediction of One Repetition Maximum Using Reference Minimum Velocity Threshold Values in Young and Middle-Aged Resistance-Trained Males.
AuthorsFernandes, John F T
Dingley, Amelia F
Garcia-Ramos, Amador; orcid: 0000-0003-0608-8755
Perez-Castilla, Alejandro; orcid: 0000-0001-5535-2087
Tufano, James J; orcid: 0000-0001-8325-0344
Twist, Craig; orcid: 0000-0001-6168-0378
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AbstractThis study determined the accuracy of different velocity-based methods when predicting one-repetition maximum (1RM) in young and middle-aged resistance-trained males. Two days after maximal strength testing, 20 young (age 21.0 ± 1.6 years) and 20 middle-aged (age 42.6 ± 6.7 years) resistance-trained males completed three repetitions of bench press, back squat, and bent-over-row at loads corresponding to 20-80% 1RM. Using reference minimum velocity threshold (MVT) values, the 1RM was estimated from the load-velocity relationships through multiple (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80% 1RM), two-point (20 and 80% 1RM), high-load (60 and 80% 1RM) and low-load (20 and 40% 1RM) methods for each group. Despite most prediction methods demonstrating acceptable correlations ( = 0.55 to 0.96), the absolute errors for young and middle-aged groups were generally to for bench press (absolute errors = 8.2 to 14.2% and 8.6 to 20.4%, respectively) and bent-over-row (absolute error = 14.9 to 19.9% and 8.6 to 18.2%, respectively). For squats, the absolute errors were lower in the young group (5.7 to 13.4%) than the middle-aged group (13.2 to 17.0%) but still unacceptable. These findings suggest that reference MVTs cannot accurately predict the 1RM in these populations. Therefore, practitioners need to directly assess 1RM.
CitationBehavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland), volume 11, issue 5
DescriptionFrom PubMed via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2021-03-01, revised 2021-04-22, accepted 2021-04-29
Publication status: epublish