First-passage times and normal tissue complication probabilities in the limit of large populations
AuthorsHufton, Peter G.
Buckingham-Jeffery, Elizabeth; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAbstract: The time of a stochastic process first passing through a boundary is important to many diverse applications. However, we can rarely compute the analytical distribution of these first-passage times. We develop an approximation to the first and second moments of a general first-passage time problem in the limit of large, but finite, populations using Kramers–Moyal expansion techniques. We demonstrate these results by application to a stochastic birth-death model for a population of cells in order to develop several approximations to the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP): a problem arising in the radiation treatment of cancers. We specifically allow for interaction between cells, via a nonlinear logistic growth model, and our approximations capture the effects of intrinsic noise on NTCP. We consider examples of NTCP in both a simple model of normal cells and in a model of normal and damaged cells. Our analytical approximation of NTCP could help optimise radiotherapy planning, for example by estimating the probability of complication-free tumour under different treatment protocols.
CitationScientific Reports, volume 10, issue 1, page 8786
PublisherNature Publishing Group UK
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2019-07-07, accepted 2020-04-06, registration 2020-04-20, pub-electronic 2020-05-29, online 2020-05-29, collection 2020-12
Publication status: Published