FAK inhibition alone or in combination with adjuvant therapies reduces cancer stem cell activity
Clarke, Robert B.
Farnie, Gillian; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bundred, Nigel J.; orcid: 0000-0001-6007-056X; email: Bundredn@manchester.ac.uk
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AbstractAbstract: Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) contribute to therapy resistance and recurrence. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has a role in CSC regulation. We determined the effect of FAK inhibition on breast CSC activity alone and in combination with adjuvant therapies. FAK inhibition reduced CSC activity and self-renewal across all molecular subtypes in primary human breast cancer samples. Combined FAK and paclitaxel reduced self-renewal in triple negative cell lines. An invasive breast cancer cohort confirmed high FAK expression correlated with increased risk of recurrence and reduced survival. Co-expression of FAK and CSC markers was associated with the poorest prognosis, identifying a high-risk patient population. Combined FAK and paclitaxel treatment reduced tumour size, Ki67, ex-vivo mammospheres and ALDH+ expression in two triple negative patient derived Xenograft (PDX) models. Combined treatment reduced tumour initiation in a limiting dilution re-implantation PDX model. Combined FAK inhibition with adjuvant therapy has the potential to improve breast cancer survival.
Citationnpj Breast Cancer, volume 7, issue 1, page 65
PublisherNature Publishing Group UK
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-06-29, accepted 2021-03-15, registration 2021-04-23, pub-electronic 2021-05-28, online 2021-05-28, collection 2021-12
Publication status: Published
Funder: Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS); doi: https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000297