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AbstractAbstract: If the resources used to wage wars could be spent elsewhere and save more lives, does this mean that wars are unjustified? This article considers this question, which has been largely overlooked by Just War Theorists and pacifists. It focuses on whether the opportunity costs of war lead to a form of pacifism, which it calls ‘Opportunity Costs Pacifism’. The article argues that Opportunity Costs Pacifism is, at the more ideal level, compelling. It suggests that the only plausible response to Opportunity Costs Pacifism applies in highly nonideal circumstances. This has major implications for Just War Theory and pacifism since it is only at the highly nonideal level that war can be justified.
CitationLaw and Philosophy, volume 39, issue 5, page 545-576
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: registration 2020-04-27, accepted 2020-04-27, pub-electronic 2020-05-26, online 2020-05-26, pub-print 2020-10
Publication status: Published