Promises and challenges of adoptive T-cell therapies for solid tumours
AuthorsMorotti, Matteo; orcid: 0000-0002-1790-1185
Brenton, James D.; orcid: 0000-0002-5738-6683
Curbishley, Stuart M.
Dustin, Michael L.
Miller, Martin L.; orcid: 0000-0003-3161-8690
Seymour, Leonard W.
Van Loo, Peter; orcid: 0000-0003-0292-1949
Church, David N.; orcid: 0000-0002-4617-962X; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wedge, David C.; orcid: 0000-0002-7572-3196; email: email@example.com
Ahmed, Ahmed A.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAbstract: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and, despite new targeted therapies and immunotherapies, many patients with advanced-stage- or high-risk cancers still die, owing to metastatic disease. Adoptive T-cell therapy, involving the autologous or allogeneic transplant of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes or genetically modified T cells expressing novel T-cell receptors or chimeric antigen receptors, has shown promise in the treatment of cancer patients, leading to durable responses and, in some cases, cure. Technological advances in genomics, computational biology, immunology and cell manufacturing have brought the aspiration of individualised therapies for cancer patients closer to reality. This new era of cell-based individualised therapeutics challenges the traditional standards of therapeutic interventions and provides opportunities for a paradigm shift in our approach to cancer therapy. Invited speakers at a 2020 symposium discussed three areas—cancer genomics, cancer immunology and cell-therapy manufacturing—that are essential to the effective translation of T-cell therapies in the treatment of solid malignancies. Key advances have been made in understanding genetic intratumour heterogeneity, and strategies to accurately identify neoantigens, overcome T-cell exhaustion and circumvent tumour immunosuppression after cell-therapy infusion are being developed. Advances are being made in cell-manufacturing approaches that have the potential to establish cell-therapies as credible therapeutic options. T-cell therapies face many challenges but hold great promise for improving clinical outcomes for patients with solid tumours.
CitationBritish Journal of Cancer, volume 124, issue 11, page 1759-1776
PublisherNature Publishing Group UK
DescriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-11-09, rev-recd 2021-02-22, accepted 2021-03-04, registration 2021-03-04, pub-electronic 2021-03-29, online 2021-03-29, pub-print 2021-05-25
Publication status: Published
Funder: DH | National Institute for Health Research (NIHR); doi: https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000272; Grant(s): RCF18/046
Funder: Ovarian Cancer Action; doi: https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000299; Grant(s): HER000762
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No Difference in Penetrance between Truncating and Missense/Aberrant Splicing Pathogenic Variants in MLH1 and MSH2: A Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database StudyDominguez-Valentin, Mev; orcid: 0000-0001-7856-0057; email: Mev.Dominguez.Valentin@rr-research.no; Plazzer, John-Paul; orcid: 0000-0001-5114-4301; email: email@example.com; Sampson, Julian R.; email: Sampson@cardiff.ac.uk; Engel, Christoph; orcid: 0000-0002-7247-282X; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Aretz, Stefan; orcid: 0000-0002-5228-1890; email: email@example.com; Jenkins, Mark A.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Sunde, Lone; email: email@example.com; Bernstein, Inge; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Capella, Gabriel; orcid: 0000-0002-4669-7320; email: email@example.com; Balaguer, Francesc; orcid: 0000-0002-0206-0539; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; et al. (MDPI, 2021-06-28)Background. Lynch syndrome is the most common genetic predisposition for hereditary cancer. Carriers of pathogenic changes in mismatch repair (MMR) genes have an increased risk of developing colorectal (CRC), endometrial, ovarian, urinary tract, prostate, and other cancers, depending on which gene is malfunctioning. In Lynch syndrome, differences in cancer incidence (penetrance) according to the gene involved have led to the stratification of cancer surveillance. By contrast, any differences in penetrance determined by the type of pathogenic variant remain unknown. Objective. To determine cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants of the MLH1 and MSH2 genes. Methods. Carriers of pathogenic variants of MLH1 (path_MLH1) and MSH2 (path_MSH2) genes filed in the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD) were categorized as truncating or missense/aberrant splicing according to the InSiGHT criteria for pathogenicity. Results. Among 5199 carriers, 1045 had missense or aberrant splicing variants, and 3930 had truncating variants. Prospective observation years for the two groups were 8205 and 34,141 years, respectively, after which there were no significant differences in incidences for cancer overall or for colorectal cancer or endometrial cancers separately. Conclusion. Truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants were associated with similar average cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of path MLH1 and path_MSH2.
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