Discovery and Evaluation of Protein Biomarkers as a Signature of Wellness in Late-Stage Cancer Patients in Early Phase Clinical Trials
AuthorsGeary, Bethany; orcid: 0000-0002-5592-5532; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Peat, Erin; email: email@example.com
Dransfield, Sarah; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cook, Natalie; orcid: 0000-0003-2606-1082; email: email@example.com
Thistlethwaite, Fiona; orcid: 0000-0002-4832-7008; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Graham, Donna; email: email@example.com
Carter, Louise; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hughes, Andrew; email: Andrew.email@example.com
Krebs, Matthew G.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Whetton, Anthony D.; orcid: 0000-0002-1098-3878; email: email@example.com
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractTARGET (tumour characterisation to guide experimental targeted therapy) is a cancer precision medicine programme focused on molecular characterisation of patients entering early phase clinical trials. Performance status (PS) measures a patient’s ability to perform a variety of activities. However, the quality of present algorithms to assess PS is limited and based on qualitative clinician assessment. Plasma samples from patients enrolled into TARGET were analysed using the mass spectrometry (MS) technique: sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra (SWATH)-MS. SWATH-MS was used on a discovery cohort of 55 patients to differentiate patients into either a good or poor prognosis by creation of a Wellness Score (WS) that showed stronger prediction of overall survival (p = 0.000551) compared to PS (p = 0.001). WS was then tested against a validation cohort of 77 patients showing significant (p = 0.000451) prediction of overall survival. WS in both sets had receiver operating characteristic curve area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.76 (p = 0.002) and 0.67 (p = 0.011): AUC of PS was 0.70 (p = 0.117) and 0.55 (p = 0.548). These signatures can now be evaluated further in larger patient populations to assess their utility in a clinical setting.
CitationCancers, volume 13, issue 10, page e2443
DescriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
History: accepted 2021-05-12, pub-electronic 2021-05-18
Publication status: Published
Funder: Bloodwise; Grant(s): 19007
Funder: Medical Research Council; Grant(s): MR/M008959/1
Funder: Cancer Research UK; Grant(s): C5759/A25254, A20465
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Gene-Environment Interactions Relevant to Estrogen and Risk of Breast Cancer: Can Gene-Environment Interactions Be Detected Only among Candidate SNPs from Genome-Wide Association Studies?Park, JooYong; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Choi, Ji-Yeob; email: email@example.com; Choi, Jaesung; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Chung, Seokang; email: email@example.com; Song, Nan; orcid: 0000-0002-9182-1060; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Park, Sue K.; orcid: 0000-0001-5002-9707; email: email@example.com; Han, Wonshik; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Noh, Dong-Young; email: email@example.com; Ahn, Sei-Hyun; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Lee, Jong Won; email: email@example.com; et al. (MDPI, 2021-05-14)In this study we aim to examine gene–environment interactions (GxEs) between genes involved with estrogen metabolism and environmental factors related to estrogen exposure. GxE analyses were conducted with 1970 Korean breast cancer cases and 2052 controls in the case-control study, the Seoul Breast Cancer Study (SEBCS). A total of 11,555 SNPs from the 137 candidate genes were included in the GxE analyses with eight established environmental factors. A replication test was conducted by using an independent population from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC), with 62,485 Europeans and 9047 Asians. The GxE tests were performed by using two-step methods in GxEScan software. Two interactions were found in the SEBCS. The first interaction was shown between rs13035764 of NCOA1 and age at menarche in the GE|2df model (p-2df = 1.2 × 10−3). The age at menarche before 14 years old was associated with the high risk of breast cancer, and the risk was higher when subjects had homozygous minor allele G. The second GxE was shown between rs851998 near ESR1 and height in the GE|2df model (p-2df = 1.1 × 10−4). Height taller than 160 cm was associated with a high risk of breast cancer, and the risk increased when the minor allele was added. The findings were not replicated in the BCAC. These results would suggest specificity in Koreans for breast cancer risk.
No Difference in Penetrance between Truncating and Missense/Aberrant Splicing Pathogenic Variants in MLH1 and MSH2: A Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database StudyDominguez-Valentin, Mev; orcid: 0000-0001-7856-0057; email: Mev.Dominguez.Valentin@rr-research.no; Plazzer, John-Paul; orcid: 0000-0001-5114-4301; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Sampson, Julian R.; email: Sampson@cardiff.ac.uk; Engel, Christoph; orcid: 0000-0002-7247-282X; email: email@example.com; Aretz, Stefan; orcid: 0000-0002-5228-1890; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Jenkins, Mark A.; email: email@example.com; Sunde, Lone; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Bernstein, Inge; email: email@example.com; Capella, Gabriel; orcid: 0000-0002-4669-7320; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Balaguer, Francesc; orcid: 0000-0002-0206-0539; email: email@example.com; et al. (MDPI, 2021-06-28)Background. Lynch syndrome is the most common genetic predisposition for hereditary cancer. Carriers of pathogenic changes in mismatch repair (MMR) genes have an increased risk of developing colorectal (CRC), endometrial, ovarian, urinary tract, prostate, and other cancers, depending on which gene is malfunctioning. In Lynch syndrome, differences in cancer incidence (penetrance) according to the gene involved have led to the stratification of cancer surveillance. By contrast, any differences in penetrance determined by the type of pathogenic variant remain unknown. Objective. To determine cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants of the MLH1 and MSH2 genes. Methods. Carriers of pathogenic variants of MLH1 (path_MLH1) and MSH2 (path_MSH2) genes filed in the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD) were categorized as truncating or missense/aberrant splicing according to the InSiGHT criteria for pathogenicity. Results. Among 5199 carriers, 1045 had missense or aberrant splicing variants, and 3930 had truncating variants. Prospective observation years for the two groups were 8205 and 34,141 years, respectively, after which there were no significant differences in incidences for cancer overall or for colorectal cancer or endometrial cancers separately. Conclusion. Truncating and missense or aberrant splicing pathogenic variants were associated with similar average cumulative incidences of cancer in carriers of path MLH1 and path_MSH2.
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