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dc.contributor.authorMabhala, Mzwandile
dc.contributor.authorEsealuka, Winifred Adaobi
dc.contributor.authorNwufo, Amanda Nkolika
dc.contributor.authorEnyinna, Chinwe
dc.contributor.authorMabhala, Chelsea Nonkosi
dc.contributor.authorUdechukwu, Treasure
dc.contributor.authorReid, John
dc.contributor.authorYohannes, Asmait
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-24T09:11:54Z
dc.date.available2021-03-24T09:11:54Z
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/624384/manuscript.v10%20chesterrep%20%281%29.pdf?sequence=3
dc.identifier.citationMabhala, M., Esealuka, W. A., Nwufo, A. N., Enyinna, C., Mabhala, C. N., Udechukwu, T., ... & Yohannes, A. (2021). Homelessness Is Socially Created: Cluster Analysis of Social Determinants of Homelessness (SODH) in North West England in 2020. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 3066.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/624384
dc.description.abstractAbstract: Poverty creates social conditions that increase the likelihood of homelessness. These include exposure to traumatic life experiences; social disadvantages such as poor educational experiences; being raised in a broken family, care homes or foster care; physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; and neglect at an early age. These conditions reduce people’s ability to negotiate through life challenges. This cross-sectional study documents the clustering and frequency of adverse social conditions among 152 homeless people from four cities in North West England between January and August 2020. Two-step cluster analysis showed that having parents with a criminal record, care history, and child neglect/abuse history was predictive of homelessness. The cluster of indicator variables among homeless people included sexual abuse (χ2 (N = 152) = 220.684, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.7), inappropriate sexual behaviour (χ2 (N = 152) = 207.737, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.7), emotional neglect (χ2 (N = 152) = 181.671, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.7), physical abuse by step-parent (χ2 (N = 152) = 195.882, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.8), and physical neglect (χ2 (N = 152) = 205.632, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.8). Poverty and homelessness are intertwined because of the high prevalence of poverty among the homeless. Poverty sets up a chain of interactions between social conditions that increase the likelihood of unfavourable outcomes: homelessness is at the end of the interaction chain. Interventions supporting families to rise out of poverty may also reduce entry into homelessness.en_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.urlwww.mdpi.com/journal/ijerphen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjecthomelessnessen_US
dc.subjectpovertyen_US
dc.subjectinequalitiesen_US
dc.subjecttwo-step cluster analysisen_US
dc.titleHomelessness Is Socially Created: Cluster Analysis of Social Determinants of Homelessness (SODH) in North West England in 2020en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601en_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester; University of East Anglia; École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique; Asmait Skincare and Designen_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research Public Healthen_US
or.grant.openaccessYesen_US
rioxxterms.funderSir Halley Stewart Trusten_US
rioxxterms.identifier.project1358en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/ijerph18063066en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-03-16
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-03-12
rioxxterms.publicationdate2021-03-16
dc.date.deposited2021-03-24en_US


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