Low Body Fat Does Not Influence Recovery after Muscle-Damaging Lower-Limb Plyometrics in Young Male Team Sport Athletes.
AuthorsFernandes, John F T
Lamb, Kevin L; orcid: 0000-0003-4481-4711
Twist, Craig; orcid: 0000-0001-6168-0378
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AbstractThis study assessed the influence of fat mass to fat-free mass ratio (FM:FFM) on recovery from plyometric exercise. After assessment of body composition, 20 male team sport players (age 20.7 ± 1.1 years; body mass 77.1 ± 11.5 kg) were divided into low- ( = 10; 0.11 ± 0.03) and normal- ( = 10; 0.27 ± 0.09) fat groups based on FM:FFM ratio. Thereafter, participants completed measurements of knee extensor torque at 60 and 240°∙s , countermovement jump flight time, plasma creatine kinase (CK) activity and perceived muscle soreness (VAS) before and at 0, 24 and 48 h after 10 × 10 maximal plyometric vertical jumps. Evidence of muscle damage was confirmed by alterations in VAS, peak torque at 60 and 240°∙s and flight time at 0, 24 and 48 h after plyometric exercise ( < 0.05). CK was increased at 0 and 24 h ( < 0.05) but returned to baseline values by 48 h. No time by group effects were observed for any of the dependent variables ( > 0.05). The current findings indicate that while muscle damage was present after plyometric exercise, the magnitude was similar across the two body composition groups. Applied practitioners can allow for a similar recovery time after plyometric exercise in those with low and normal body fat.
CitationJournal of functional morphology and kinesiology, volume 5, issue 4
DescriptionFrom PubMed via Jisc Publications Router
History: received 2020-09-14, revised 2020-11-02, accepted 2020-11-03
Publication status: epublish