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dc.contributor.authorHosey, Geoff
dc.contributor.authorWard, Samantha J
dc.contributor.authorFerguson, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, Hannah
dc.contributor.authorHill, Sonya P
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T14:38:08Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T14:38:08Z
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/623928/Manuscript%20V2%20.pdf?sequence=6
dc.identifier.citationHosey, G, Ward, S. J., Ferguson, A., Jenkins, H. & Hill, S. P. (2020). Zoo‐housed mammals do not avoid giving birth on weekends. Zoo Biology, DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21571en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/623928
dc.descriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hosey, G, Ward, S. J., Ferguson, A., Jenkins, H. & Hill, S. P. (2020). Zoo‐housed mammals do not avoid giving birth on weekends. Zoo Biology, DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21571, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21571. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.en_US
dc.description.abstractThere is evidence that zoo visitor presence can influence the behavior and, in some cases, adrenal response of zoo animals, and can sometimes compromise animal welfare. In some laboratory studies, significantly more primate births have been reported on weekends, when fewer people are working there, compared with weekdays when staffing levels are at their highest. Here we investigate whether there is evidence of a “weekend effect” on births in zoo animals as a result of visitor numbers. Unlike laboratories, zoos are typically busier with visitors on weekends than on weekdays, although staffing levels remain fairly consistent across days of the week. If zoo animal parturition is sensitive to human presence, then fewer births would be expected on weekends compared with weekdays. We tested this using birth data and visitor numbers on the entrance gate from zoo records across 16 species representing artiodactyls, perissodactyls, carnivores and primates at four British zoos, to see whether there is an association between mean daily birth rates and average visitor numbers. We predict that, if there is a visitor effect, daily births should be lower on weekends than weekdays and should correlate with mean daily visitor numbers. Results showed that births for all 16 species were randomly distributed through the week, and there was no significant decline in births on weekends. We conclude that the ‘weekend effect’, if such a thing exists, does not appear to be a feature of zoo births, suggesting that elevated weekend visitor numbers are not sufficiently stressful to trigger delayed parturition.en_US
dc.publisherWiley Periodicals LLCen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/zoo.21571en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectStress responseen_US
dc.subjectVisitor effecten_US
dc.subjectWeekend effecten_US
dc.subjectWelfareen_US
dc.subjectZoo visitorsen_US
dc.titleZoo-housed mammals do not avoid giving birth on weekendsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1098-2361en_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bolton; Nottingham Trent University; ZSL London Zoo; North of England Zoological Society; University of Chesteren_US
dc.identifier.journalZoo Biologyen_US
or.grant.openaccessYesen_US
rioxxterms.funderunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectunfundeden_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21571en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-09-21
rioxxterms.publicationdate2020-09-21
dc.dateAccepted2020-09-04
dc.date.deposited04-11-2020en_US
dc.indentifier.issn0733-3188en_US


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