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dc.contributor.authorPorcellato, Lorna
dc.contributor.authorRoss-Houle, Kim
dc.contributor.authorQuigg, Zara
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Jane
dc.contributor.authorBigland, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorBates, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorTimpson, Hannah
dc.contributor.authorGee, Ivan
dc.contributor.authorBishop, Julie
dc.contributor.authorGould, Ashley
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Alisha
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-28T08:25:19Z
dc.date.available2020-05-28T08:25:19Z
dc.identifierhttps://chesterrep.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10034/623447/ijerph-17-03639-v2%20%282%29.pdf?sequence=1
dc.identifier.citationPorcellato, L., Ross-Houle, K., Quigg, Z., Harris, J., Bigland, C., Bates, R., Timpson, H., Gee, I., Bishop, J., Gould, A. & Davies, A. R. (2020). Welsh Primary Schoolchildren’s Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes: A Mixed Methods Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(10), 3639.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/623447
dc.description.abstractThere are concerns that the growing popularity of e-cigarettes promotes experimentation among children. Given the influence of the early years on attitude and habit formation, better understanding of how younger children perceive vaping before experimentation begins is needed, to prevent uptake and inform tobacco control strategies. We explored Welsh primary schoolchildren’s (aged 7–11) awareness of e-cigarettes relative to tobacco smoking, their understanding of the perceived risks and benefits and their intentions and beliefs about vaping. Data was collected using a mix of methods in June and July 2017 from 8 purposively selected primary schools across Wales. Four hundred and ninety-five children (52% female) aged 7 years (n = 165), 9 years (n = 185) and 11 years (n = 145) completed a class-administered booklet encompassing a draw and write exercise and survey. Ninety-six children participated in 24 peer discussion groups comprised of 2 boys and 2 girls from each year group. Data were analysed independently and findings triangulated. Survey analyses used frequencies, descriptive statistics and chi-squared tests. Content analysis was undertaken on the draw and write data and peer discussion groups were analysed thematically. Study findings highlight that primary schoolchildren have general awareness of e-cigarettes. Vaping was perceived to be healthier than smoking and there was some recognition that e-cigarettes were used for smoking cessation. Understanding of any health harms was limited. Few children intended to smoke or vape in the future but almost half thought it was okay for grownups. Children’s perceptions were influenced by exposure through family and friends. Findings suggest a need for e-cigarette education in primary schools, to highlight the associated risks of e-cigarette experimentation including the potential for tobacco initiation.en_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/10/3639en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectVapingen_US
dc.subjectSmokingen_US
dc.subjectE-cigarettesen_US
dc.subjectPrimary schoolchildrenen_US
dc.subjectPerceptionsen_US
dc.subjectMixed methodsen_US
dc.subjectHealth educationen_US
dc.titleWelsh Primary Schoolchildren’s Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes: A Mixed Methods Studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601en_US
dc.contributor.departmentLiverpool John Moores University; University of Chester; Public Health Walesen_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
or.grant.openaccessYesen_US
rioxxterms.funderPublic Heath Wales NHS Trusten_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectPublic Heath Wales NHS Trust (SSP/PHW/COMS/ITT/065/16).en_US
rioxxterms.versionVoRen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103639en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-05-21
refterms.dateFCD2020-05-27T12:20:52Z
refterms.versionFCDAM
refterms.dateFOA2020-05-21T00:00:00Z
rioxxterms.publicationdate2020-05-21
dc.dateAccepted2020-05-18
dc.date.deposited2020-05-28en_US
dc.indentifier.issn1661-7827en_US


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Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International