• Contemporary debates on institutions: governance, governmentality and power

      Powell, Jason; Halsall, Jamie; University of Huddersfield; University of Chester (Inderscience Publishers, 2016-01)
      Institutions, at state and local level, have been perceived as a mechanism of supporting the vulnerable within society. The processes of globalisation within an economic, political and social context have played a fundamental role in institutions. The ‘State’ that administers institutions has experienced involvement and adjustment by central government’s policy of privatisation and deregulation. The aim of this paper is to critically explore the current debates on institutions within British society. We frame the debates within Foucault’s notion of ‘governmentality’, which highlights how government provides governance of ‘action at a distance’ in order to detract blame from government and its policies and place this blame onto individuals and communities themselves (1978, p. 33).
    • Crafting Knowledge Exchange in the Social Science Agenda

      Halsall, Jamie; Powell, Jason; University of Huddersfield and University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2016-10-13)
      To any social science researcher the term 'Knowledge Exchange' is a key buzzword in the academic community and wider society. In an article by Contandriopoulos et al. (2010, p. 456) it was pointed out that knowledge exchange 'rests on an implicit commonsense notion that this 'knowledge' must be evidence based’. This evidence, based within a social science context, relies upon two strands: theoretical data and empirical data. When examining the notion of Knowledge Exchange it becomes apparent that the concept has deep and meaningful connotations. These connotations have been driven by the involvements of the public and private sectors. Moreover, work carried out by Benneworth and Cunha (2015, p. 509) concludes that higher education institutions’ involvement in knowledge exchange 'remains dynamic and influenced by universities’ own strategic choices and relationships’. Traditionally, universities have had two key missions: to teach undergraduate/postgraduate students and to undertake research. Thierry and Rayna (2015, p. 488) have recently observed that universities now have a third mission, 'knowledge exchange', and that knowledge exchange plays a vital 'integral part of the mix, without which the other two missions cannot run successfully.' Knowledge exchange is also a fundamental feature of 'sustainable communities' (Powell, 2013) through the partnerships between HEIs and communities by which they serve.
    • Determined Learning Approach: Implications of Heutagogy Society Based Learning

      Halsall, Jamie; Powell, Jason; Snowden, Mike; University of Huddersfield; University of Chester (Cogent OA, 2016-08-25)
      Recently, within the higher education system in the United Kingdom, there has been close examination of the way institutions teach and assess students. This scrutiny has been intensified by central government with the proposed introduction of the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). The anticipated TEF demands that higher education institutions evaluate their teaching and learning practices and think of new ways to develop excellent student experience. Self-determined learning has resurfaced as a popular approach in the higher education sector. At the centre of self-determined learning is the concept of heutagogy. This approach enables the student to apply what they have learned in an education setting and relate it to the workplace. The aim of this paper is to critically explore the theoretical framework behind the self-determined learning approach. The authors of this paper argue that, from a social science perspective, a determined learning approach is in the best place to provide a contemporary, exciting teaching and learning experience in a competitive higher education market.
    • Positioning Society and Community in an Ever Changing World

      Halsall, Jamie; Powell, Jason; University of Huddersfield; University of Chester (2016-04-05)
      Society is frequently located within a media setting. Embedded with society is the concept of community. Many sociologist scholars, past and present, been fascinated with the concept of ‘society’ and ‘community’ because they generate a fascinating discussion on the political contribution of both terms. More than ever before political, community and religious leaders discuss the interrelationships of society and community and how people can better themselves. The aim of this paper is to critically explore the concepts of society and community. The author argues that there needs to be a re-justification of both concepts. The motivation of re-justification of society and community has been socially reconstructed by the impact of globalization.
    • Reconstructing Social Policy and Ageing

      Powell, Jason; Halsall, Jamie; University of Chester (World Scientific News, 2015)
      This article draws from the work of Michel Foucault to reconstruct an understanding of social policy and ageing in contemporary Britain. In many ways, policy provides three trajectories for older people; first, as independent self-managing consumers with private means and resources; second, as people in need of some support to enable them to continue to self-manage and third, as dependent and unable to commit to self-management. Governmentality provides the theoretical framework through which to view policy and practice that is largely governed by discourses of personalisation.