Browsing Psychology by Publisher "Oxford University Press"
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Close social relationships: An evolutionary perspectiveThis review provides an evolutionary perspective on close social relationships. We focus on three core issues: their function, their number and quality, and their maintenance. Our aim is not to provide a unified theory of relationships, but rather to synthesize evidence from social psychology, evolutionary theory, ethology, anthropology, and sociology in an attempt to develop a more integrated approach. For these purposes, we focus on three different types of social bonds: mateships, kinship bonds, and friendships.
Sweet Emotion: The Role of Odor-Induced Context in the Search Advantage for Happy Facial ExpressionsThe current study investigated the extent to which the concurrent presentation of pleasant and unpleasant odors could modulate the perceptual saliency of happy facial expressions in an emotional visual search task. Whilst a search advantage for happy faces was found in the no odor and unpleasant odor conditions, it was abolished under the pleasant odor condition. Furthermore, phasic properties of visual search performance revealed the malleable nature of this happiness advantage. Specifically, attention towards happy faces was optimized at the start of the visual search task for participants presented with pleasant odors, but diminished towards the end. This pattern was reversed for participants in the unpleasant odor condition. These patterns occur through the emotion-inducing capacities of odors and highlight the circumstances in which top-down factors can override perceptually salient facial features in emotional visual search.