• Imaging the present: an iconography of slavery in African art

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Liverpool University Press, 2015-05-21)
      As memories of slavery re-emerge in the historiography of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, contemporary artists from Francophone Africa are engaged in reassessing how this period in Africa’s recent past has extended beyond its historical era to play a role in shaping the development challenges of present-day Africa. Exploring connections between Atlantic slavery and the use of African labour in contemporary modes of production in West Africa, recent art works from the region that once formed the heartland of the French slave trade are providing a discursive platform on which to challenge traditional post-colonial nationalist discourses of modernity and change. An iconography of slavery dating from the era of the Atlantic slave trade and the capture, enslavement and transportation of over eleven million people from Africa to the Americas over the four hundred year period of the ‘terrible trade', has appeared in a body of digital and material art work produced between 1995 and 2015. Artists originating from countries across Francophone Africa (the former French and Belgian colonies on the African mainland), many of whom now live and work in Europe, have independently been moving towards a re-contextualised use of visual imaginary that both invokes explicitly the history and legacy of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. This chapter explores the context in which ‘les arts plastiques’ have been produced in the French-speaking areas of Africa, both historically and into the present day, and explores how art offers an alternative platform for political discourse and dissent in the Francophone Africa today.
    • L'impossibilité d'une ile. L'histoire littéraire française dans la mondialisation

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (2014-08-26)
      Résumé L’imaginaire collectif français a longtemps été marqué par un lien étroit entre la nation et la narration. Ce lien était étayé, entre autres, par l’histoire littéraire, celle-ci a pendant longtemps joué un rôle crucial dans la constitution d’une identité collective et de ce fait dans le système éducatif. Dans un monde globalisé toutefois, ce lien se fait de plus en plus précaire. Bien que la France fût, grâce au fait colonial, rapidement confronté à des textes littéraires provenant d’ailleurs, ceux-ci étaient rapidement intégrés dans un narratif marqué par le principe de l’universalité française. Or depuis les années 1980 avec la mondialisation et la migration, le lien entre nation et narration est de plus en plus menacé. Ce texte étudie les manières dont les instances académiques françaises réagissent à ces menaces mais envisage aussi les mécanismes par le biais desquels ces tendances sont intégrés dans le narratif français, comment le lien entre narration et nation est réactualisé dans l’imaginaire collectif. Abstract France’s cultural self-perception has always been clearly marked by a close link between the nation and a narration. This link was provided, amongst other factors, by literary history. The history of French literature played a crucial role in "making France" and hence in educating young Frenchmen. In a globalised world however this link becomes more and more precarious. Although France, through colonisation, became quickly a country confronted with literary texts written outside of homeland France, these texts were integrated into the narrative of French universality. With globalisation and hyphenisation in the 1980s this narrative is increasingly threatened. Our text shows ways in which France reacts to these threats and how France is trying to maintain the scheme on the one hand, on the other how it tries to incorporate new tendencies in literary history and to adapt them to France’s particular historical narrative.
    • Interdependent Autonomy: Face-to-Face and Digital Media in Modern Language Learning

      Fonseca-Mora, M. Carmen; Gant, Mark; Herrero Machanocoses, Francisco; University of Huelva; University of Chester (Peter Lang, 2017-05-26)
      This chapter reflects on the role of face-to-face and digital supported learning in higher education in the UK. By means of a survey conducted among language learners the authors anlyse the learner's use of technologies and their preferences and attitudes towards online, face-to-face and blended language learning.
    • Introduction

      Clayfield, Anna; Kirk, Emily J.; Story, Isabel; Dalhousie University; University of Chester; Nottingham Trent University (Lexington Books, 2018-08-24)
      Cuba's Forgotten Decade provides a comprehensive assessment of the 1970s that challenges prevailing interpretations of the decade as simply a period of "Sovietization" characterized by widespread bureaucratization, institutionalization, and adherence to Soviet orthodoxy. Drawing from multidisciplinary perspectives and exploring a range of areas - including politics, international relations, culture, education, and healthcare - the contributing authors demonstrate that the 1970s were a time of intense transformation that proved pivotal to the development of the Revolution. Indeed, many of the ideas, approaches, policies, and legislation developed and tested during this decade maintain a very visible legacy in contemporary Cuba. In highlighting the complexity of the 1970s, this volume contributes to a greater understanding of the Cuban Revolution and how the country has faced the challenges of the twenty-first century.
    • L'affaire Tarnac: L'é(a)vénement de deux générations politiques

      Hennuy, Jean-Frederic; University of Chester (Sybil Duemchen Verlag, 2017)
      Article analysis the so-called Tarnac Affair which saw a confrontation between Nicolas Sarkozy and the the members of a ultra-left group. The article put forward the idea that this is a key moment in French politics that saw the birth of two political generations.
    • La Fabrique des classiques africains: écrivains d’Afrique subsaharienne francophone . Par Ducournau Claire

      Griffiths, Claire H.; University of Chester (Oxford University Press, 2018-03-12)
      The review article evaluates major new scholarship on the development of the French literary system in colonial and postcolonial Africa and its impact on Francophone writing.
    • La place de la République dans la littérature française ontemporaine

      OBERGÖKER, Timo; University of Chester
      This book endeavours to better understand France and the French through the lens of the place the idea of the Republic has in their collective imagery. The book starts at the round-about, leading everywhere and nowhere, and then visits several places encapsulating what Fernand Braudel has called "The French identity".
    • Le roman national à l’épreuve du littéraire : Alexis Jenni, Jérôme Ferrari, Magyd Cherfi

      OBERGÖKER, Timo; University of Chester
      The recent publication of the L’Histoire mondiale de la France by Patrick Boucheron has reactualised a debate on the "worldliness" of French culture and history. His detractors reproach to this new and broader view on French History not to take into contact certain pillars of national History. The fondamental question which is here negotiated is another one_ What it the status of France in globalisation? What is the place of France's expectionalism? What is the role of national storytelling, a pedgagogical account of France's grandeur? French writers have reacted in manifold ways to this debate. This article shows how authors engage with this debate since 2010.
    • Maculinités postcoloniales dans Les Parapluies de Cherbourg et Les Demoiselles de Rochefort de Jacques Demy

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (Königshausen und Neumann., 2016-01-30)
      This text explores how popular cultures negotiates new forms of masculinity after the loss of the French colonies in 1962.
    • Melodies, rhythm and cognition in foreign language learning

      Fonseca-Mora, M. Carmen; Gant, Mark; University of Huelva; University of Chester (Cambridge Scholars, 2016-10-01)
      Melodies, Rhythm and Cognition in Foreign Language Learning is a collection of essays reflecting on the relationship between language and music, two unique, innate human capacities. This book provides a clear explanation of the centrality of melodies and rhythm to foreign language learning acquisition. The interplay between language music brings to applied linguists inquiries into the nature and function of speech melodies, the role of prosody and the descriptions of rhythmical patterns in verbal behaviour. Musical students seem to be better equipped for language learning, although melodies and rhythm can benefit all types of students at any age. In fact, in this book melodies and rhythm are considered to be a springboard for the enhancement of the learning of foreign languages.
    • Mémoire et intermédialité dans Les Chansons d'amour de Christophe Honoré

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (Königshausen und Neumann., 2015-05-01)
      Christophe Honoré's cinema has often been described as postmodern yet nostalgic. The articles aims at exploring this "postmodern nostalgia" which is one of the major characteristics of contemporary French cinema.
    • Militarized by Moscow? Re-examining Soviet Influence on Cuba in the 1970s

      Clayfield, Anna; University of Chester (Lexington Books, 2018-08-24)
      Cuba in the 1970s has long been characterized as the decade in which the Revolution became not only thoroughly “Sovietized” but, consequently, “militarized”. This apparent “militarization” supposedly put an end to the guerrilla ethos that had buttressed the Revolution until then, replacing it with a more methodical approach and the pervasive presence of the newly professionalized armed forces across the political and social landscape. This chapter challenges the notion that the Revolution was either completely “Sovietized” or “militarized” during the 1970s. Drawing on a range of materials published in Cuba during the period in question, it argues that, while the Revolution certainly transformed structurally, its underpinning guerrilla values, as expressed in official discourse, remained unchanged as it entered its second decade in power.
    • New Journeys in Iberian Studies: A (Trans)National and (Trans)Regional Exploration

      Gant, Mark; Ruzzante, Paco; Hatton, Anneliese; University of Chester; University of Cambridge; University of Nottingham (Cambridge Scholars, 2018-08-01)
      The research collected in this volume consists of 18 chapters which explore a number of key areas of investigation in contemporary Iberian studies. As the title suggests, there is a strong emphasis on trans-national and trans-regional approaches to the subject area, reflecting current discourse and scholarship, but the contributions are not limited by these approaches and include an eclectic range of recent work by scholars of history, politics, literature, the visual arts and cultural and social studies, often working in transdisciplinary ways. The geographical scope of the transnational processes considered range from intra-Iberian interconnections to those with the UK, Italy and Morocco, as well as transatlantic influences between the Peninsula and Argentina, Cuba and Brazil. The book opens up some pioneering new directions in research in Iberian studies, as well as variety of fresh approaches to hitherto neglected aspects of more familiar issues.
    • Nikolski de Nicolas Dickner. - américanité, archéologie, intertextualité

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (University Press of Presov, 2012-06-05)
      Author treats different dimensions of space in Nicolas Dickner's novel Nikolski. He analyses the way in which the novel ties links between space and family and, furthermore, outlines the role stratification plays in the novel.
    • Our Man Down in Havana: The Story Behind Graham Greene's Cold War Spy Novel

      Hull, Christopher; University of Chester (Pegasus Books, 2019-04-02)
      Analyses the backstory to Graham Greene's 1958 spy-fiction satire Our Man in Havana, including the British writer’s seven pre-revolutionary and five post-revolutionary visits to Cuba. This book reveals the gestation of his iconic 1958 novel, and its 1959 film version, directed by Carol Reed. Background includes his wartime experience in MI6, first in Sierra Leone, and later under Kim Philby's supervision in London. The book also details Greene's ongoing manic depression and turbulent private life, context for him beginning to write his novel in the midst of the Fidel Castro-led armed insurrection against the U.S.-backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in November 1957. Following the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on 1st January 1959, Greene witnessed the development of Fidel Castro’s socialist and then communist revolution during its key early years, on journalistic assignments from the Daily Telegraph in 1963 and 1966. We thus gain Greene’s overview of Cuba during its capitalist apogee under dictatorial Batista and its radical social transformation under Castro’s charismatic leadership.
    • Prise de possession. Storytelling, culture populaire, colonialisme.

      Obergöker, Timo; University of Chester (Königshausen und Neumann., 2016-04-12)
      The present book explores the relationship betweeen colonialism and popular culture. By analysing French posters and chansons from the years 1928-1934 we shall study the ways in which colonial popular cultures tells us stories about ethnicitiy and gender and how they endeavour to close the symbolic gap between France and the colonies.
    • Promoting independent learning skills using video on digital language laboratories

      Wagener, Debbie; University of Chester (Routledge, 2006-11)
      The article discusses the potential for developing independent learning skills using the digital language laboratory with particular reference to exploiting the increasingly available resource of digital video. It investigates the potential for recording and editing video clips from online sources and digitalising clips from analogue recordings and reflects on the current status quo regarding the complex copyright regulations in this area. It describes two pilot self-access programmes based on video clips which were undertaken with University College Chester undergraduates and reflects on the value of the experience for students in developing a wide range of language skills as well as independent learning skills using their feedback on the experience.
    • Relocating the traditional in the Senegalese classroom

      Garvey, Brenda; University of Chester (University of Chester Press, 2013-06-30)
      The book chapter discusses the educational programme of Case des Tout-Petits in Senegal.
    • Resilience and unemployment: A case study of East German women

      Beck, Vanessa; Wagener, Debbie; Grix, Jonathan (Routledge, 2005-03)
      This article discusses unemployment in the former East Germany and the impact that exceptionally high unemployment in the new German states has had on East German women since reunification. It reflects, in particular, on the potential influence of their experience of life in the GDR in developing coping strategies to deal with the effects of unemployment, an ongoing resistance to unemployment and, most significantly, to a male-breadwinner ethos.