• A Tale of Two Galaxies

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Nine Arches Press, 2017-05-01)
    • Talking Bodies Vol. II

      Hay, Jonathan; Bonsall, Amy; Ashton, Bodie A.; University of Chester; University of Manchester; University of Adelaide
      This volume brings together scholars from across disciplines and continents in order to continue to analyse, query, and deconstruct the complexities of bodily existence in the modern world. Comprising nine essays by leading and emerging scholars, and spanning issues ranging from literature, history, sociology, medicine, law and justice and beyond, Talking Bodies vol. II is a timely and prescient addition to the vital discussion of what bodies are, how we perceive them, and what they mean. As the essays of this volume demonstrate, it is imperative to question numerous established presumptions about both the manner by which our bodies perform their identities, and the processes by which their ownership can be impinged upon.
    • Talking Bodies: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Embodiment, Gender, and Identity

      Rees, Emma L. E.; University of Chester (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017-12-07)
      In this collection leading thinkers, writers, and activists offer their responses to the simple question “do I have a body, or am I my body?”. The essays engage with the array of meanings that our bodies have today, ranging from considerations of nineteenth-century discourses of bodily shame and otherness, through to arguing for a brand new corporeal vocabulary for the twenty-first century. Increasing numbers of people are choosing to modify their bodies, but as the essays in this volume show, this is far from being a new practice: over hundreds of years, it has evolved and accrued new meanings. This richly interdisciplinary volume maps a range of cultural anxieties about the body, resulting in a timely and compelling book that makes a vital contribution to today’s key debates about embodiment.
    • "A terrorism of the rich": Symbolic violence in Bret Easton Ellis's Glamorama and J G Ballard's Super-Cannes

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2007-03)
      This article discusses two contemporary novels that question the received idea of terrorism as the desperate violence of disenfranchised groups. Glamorama and Super-Cannes symbolize the violence perpetrated by Western states and institutions by presenting us with terrorists who are corporate executives and supermodels, and who inflict their violence on ethnic minorities, or allow them to be wrongly blamed for it.
    • Textile Recycling in Victorian Literature: An Interview with Deborah Wynne

      Wynne, Deborah; University of Chester (Council for European Studies, 2019-05-07)
      This interview refers to Wynne's research into Victorian textile recycling and how it was represented in Victorian literature and culture, particularly the work of Charles Dickens.
    • That "ugly word": Miscegenation and the novel in preapartheid South Africa

      Blair, Peter; Chester College of Higher Education (John Hopkins University Press, 2003)
      This article discusses the role of miscegenation in the elaboration of racial identity in South Africa before 1948. Links and limitations between miscegenation and race change in South African English novels of this period, particularly Sarah Gertrude Millin's "God's step-children" are explored.
    • 'That heartbroken island of incestuous hatred': Famine and family in Joseph O'Connor's Star of the Sea

      Fegan, Melissa; University of Chester (Rodopi, 2011-11-10)
      Joseph O’Connor’s Star of the Sea (2002), uses an extended family – the Merridiths, Duanes and Mulveys – crossing class, religious, cultural, ethnic and political divides, to explore the failure of personal, local, national and international networks to save vulnerable individuals during the Great Famine of 1845-52.
    • The Aesthetics of the Anthropocene: Posthumanism and Contemporary Science Fiction

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Shanghai Jaio Tong University, 2017-01-01)
      Abstract: This essay examines posthumanism through the lens of contemporary science fiction (SF), using two case studies: Kim Stanley Robinson's Mars Trilogy and Paolo Bacigalupi's The Windup Girl. The essay argues that the Cartesian paradigm of the rational human subject as free agent has recently come under increasing strain, to the extent that it is becoming replaced by the posthuman. SF is a genre whose narratives can be planetary in scope, which situates our species in its ecological and material contexts, and which allows for technological alteration of the human without violating its own conventions; it is therefore an excellent vehicle for a Marxist analysis of the posthuman in contemporary culture.
    • “There was something very peculiar about Doc…”: Deciphering Queer Intimacy in Representations of Doc Holliday

      Tankard, Alex; University of Chester (Taylor and Francis, 2014-12-08)
      This essay discusses representations of male intimacy in life-writing about consumptive gunfighter John Henry “Doc” Holliday (1851-1887). I argue that twentieth-century commentators rarely appreciated the historical specificity of Holliday’s friendships in a frontier culture that not only normalized but actively celebrated same-sex intimacy. Indeed, Holliday lived on the frayed edges of known nineteenth-century socio-sexual norms, and his interactions with other men were further complicated by his vicious reputation and his disability. His short life and eventful afterlife exposes the gaps in available evidence – and the flaws in our ability to interpret it. Yet something may still be gleaned from the early newspaper accounts of Holliday. Having argued that there is insufficient evidence to justify positioning him within modern categories of hetero/homosexuality, I analyze the language used in pre-1900 descriptions of first-hand encounters with Holliday to illuminate the consumptive gunfighter’s experience of intimacy, if not its meaning.
    • The Thief of Talant

      Reverdy, Pierre; Seed, Ian; University of Chester (Wakefield Press, 2016-09-27)
      Translation of novel/long poem by Pierre Reverdy. Published in French in 1917. This is the first translation to be published in English.
    • 'This most humane commerce': Lace-making during the Famine

      Fegan, Melissa; University of Chester (Liverpool University Press, 2018-11-30)
      Fintan O’Toole includes a lace collar from Youghal, Co. Cork in his A History of Ireland in 100 Objects, noting it ‘epitomises one of the more remarkable achievements of Irish women in the second half of the nineteenth century – the creation from scratch of a world-class craft industry’. It was an industry largely founded in response to the Famine, by philanthropic upper- and middle-class Irish women who recognised the failure of famine relief measures for women and girls in particular; the Youghal lace collar is a legacy of the lace school founded there by a nun during the Famine. Lace-making offered rescue not just for them, but their families; in 1852, among fishing families in Blackrock, ‘the strong and powerful father’ and ‘the vigorous son’ were now ‘protected from hunger and misery by the fingers of the feeble child, and saved from the workhouse by her cheerful and untiring toil’. This chapter will examine the representation of textile and lace making during the Famine in texts such as Mary Anne Hoare’s ‘The Knitted Collar’, Susanna Meredith’s The Lacemakers, and Brother James’s Eva O’Beirne, or the Little Lacemaker, as narratives of self-help, critiques of inadequate state intervention, calls for support of the trade and charitable donations, and an impetus to emigration. It will also consider the relationship between depictions of mid-nineteenth-century Irish textile workers and the representation of seamstresses in Victorian literature more widely.
    • Three Poems

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (The Rialto, 2017-03-01)
      Three poems
    • Timothy Leary and Alternative Salvation

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (T & T Clark, 2015-12-17)
      In his rewriting of The Tibetan Book of the Dead as an LSD manual in The Psychedelic Experience, his verse translations of the Tao Te Ching and his later work such as Your Brain is God, Timothy Leary outlines a constantly evolving manifesto for social and personal salvation. My focus in this chapter is on Leary’s countercultural and post-countercultural revisions of the human from the 1960s to 1990s; his mission to move beyond inherited templates of subjectivity of towards states of ecstasy which were largely uncharted but towards which his chosen tools – drugs, then later computer technology – could point the way. The divinity of the brain is, in Leary’s worldview at least, a literal physiological truth, rather than a metaphor; for Leary, God is among other things a cluster of neurons, but this is to be welcomed as an alternative route to salvation.
    • Timothy Leary and the trace of the posthuman

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014-07-03)
      If we trace the line of Timothy Leary’s thought from The Politics of Ecstasy to Your Brain is God, he is outlining his programme for social and personal change based on the consumption of psychedelics and the 3-stage process of ‘turn on, tune in, drop out’. And yet, at the same time, he is mapping out a process which has a profound relationship to the shifting concept of the human. Leary’s programme was one which paradoxically urged the reader to re-humanize him or herself by stepping out of preprogrammed social games even to the extent of temporarily destroying the ego under heavy doses of psychedelics, and yet at the same time sketched out an emerging posthuman future, in which the subject in and of ideology (Althusser) was to be replaced by a post-subjective, post-ideological being whose processes Leary believed would operate on a different ontological level. Leary argued that this level was that of the cellular process of the body, the automatic somatic workings over which the ego has no control and yet which inform and create the majority of sensory impressions and subjective consciousness. His means of reaching this level was, at first, drugs; then from the 1980s his focus shifted to computer technology: ‘Electronics and psychedelics have shattered the sequence of orderly linear identification, the automatic imitation that provides racial and social continuity’. In his introduction to the 1995 reissue of High Priest (1968), Leary pointed out that ‘You will note (and, perhaps, be amused by) our Breathless Spirituality, our lavish use religious metaphors. Today, of course, we are beginning to use neurological and digital terms to suggest how we can operate our brains’; he warns the reader that the Priest in the title is ironic. My focus here is not on the means but the end: not on drugs or computers as such but on Leary’s revisions of the human; on his problematic quest to refashion the human being and move beyond it towards posthuman states which were largely uncharted but towards which his chosen tools, fashionable for each era in which he was writing, could point the way.
    • 'The Tottering, Fluttering, Palpitating Mass': Power and Hunger in Nineteenth-Century Literary Responses to the Great Famine

      Fegan, Melissa; University of Chester (Routledge, 2015-11-29)
      This chapter examines representations of power and powerlessness in nineteenth-century literary responses to the Great Famine, arguing that many of these - largely middle-class authors - transcend the values and prejudices of their class in the attempt to engage honestly and imaginatively with the sufferings of Famine victims.
    • Toys and Radical Politics: The Marxist Import of Toy Story That Time Forgot

      Hay, Jonathan; University of Chester (University of Edinburgh, 2018-06-17)
      Through the analysis of a capitalist text, and by reflecting on the discourse of Marx and Althusser, this paper demonstrates why Marxism remains a potent politics of dissent. It suggests that Marxist philosophies can come to function in an ultimately reparative manner through their promotion of countercultural ideologies.
    • The tragedies

      Rees, Emma L. E.; University of Chester (Continuum, 2010-02-28)
      This book chapter discusses Shakespeare's tragedies, focusing on King Lear.
    • 'Tram in Milan', 'In the Pavilion', 'Incident' and 'Changes'

      Seed, Ian; University of Chester (Tears in the Fence, 2015-02-28)
      Four prose poems
    • Translation practices: Through language to culture

      Chantler, Ashley; Dente, Carla; University of Chester ; University of Pisa (Rodopi, 2009-03-19)
      This cutting-edge collection, born of a belief in the value of approaching 'translation' in a wide range of ways, contains essays of interest to students and scholars of translation, literary and textual studies. It provides insights into the relations between translation and comparative literature, contrastive linguistics, cultural studies, painting and other media. Subjects and authors discussed include: the translator as 'go-between'; the textual editor as translator; Ghirri's photography and Celati's fiction; the European lending library; La Bible d'Amiens; the coining of Italian phraseological units; Michèle Roberts's Impossible Saints; the impact of modern translations for stage on perceptions of ancient Greek drama; and the translation of slang, intensifiers, characterisation, desire, the self, and America in 1990s Italian fiction. The collection closes with David Platzer's discussion of translating Dacia Maraini's poetry into English and with his new translations of 'Ho Sognato una Stazione' ('I Dreamed of a Station') and 'Le Tue Bugie' ('Your Lies').