• Family Names

      Parkin, Harry; Hanks, Patrick (Oxford University Press, 2016-01-21)
      A summary of family naming systems around the world, and the current state of research in the field of surname study.
    • Fidelities

      Seed, Ian; University of Chester (Red Ceilings Press, 2015-11-01)
      Poetry pamphlet
    • The film of Harold Pinter's The caretaker

      Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Chester Academic Press, 2009-08-22)
      This book chapter discusses the 1963 film version of The caretaker.
    • Flash Fiction

      Blair, Peter; University of Chester (Bloomsbury, 2014)
      This article, which appears in the bestselling guide to publishing and the media, introduces the short-short story, most commonly known as 'flash fiction'. It outlines the historical rise of the flash, considers the defining characteristics of the form, and offers advice on writing flash fiction and getting it published. It includes an example of flash fiction and a structured list of suggestions for further primary and secondary reading.
    • Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 10.1 (Apr. 2017)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler, 2017-04-01)
    • Flash: The international short-short story magazine, 7.2 (October 2014)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      This issue features new stories from Australia, Austria, Britain, Canada, China, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, and the USA. We are particularly pleased to open with pieces by two distinguished European writers, in luminous translations: two ‘zkv’s (‘zeer korte verhalen’ [very short stories]) by A. L. Snijders, who coined the term, translated from the Dutch by Man Booker International winner Lydia Davis; and three pieces from Austrian writer Josef Winkler’s When the Time Comes (2013), translated by Adrian West, originally published in German as Wenn es soweit ist – Erzählung (1998). Wonderful renderings by West of Winkler also appeared in Flash, 6.1. Davis’s impressive Collected Stories (2009) was featured in the ‘Flash Presents’ section of 6.2; her latest collection, Can’t and Won’t, is enthusiastically reviewed in this issue by Robert Shapard, editor of influential flash and sudden-fiction anthologies. This issue’s ‘Flash Presents’ contains four stories by Virginia Woolf: ‘A Haunted House’, ‘Monday or Tuesday’, ‘Blue & Green’, and ‘In the Orchard’. These are followed by our fourth ‘Flash Essay’. In ‘“Splinters & mosaics”: Virginia Woolf’s Flash Fictions’, Kathryn Simpson argues that Woolf’s experimental flashes provide insight into her emergence as a major modernist novelist and her enduring preoccupations. ‘Flash Reviews’ examines two other single-author books and two anthologies. Laurie Champion is entertained by Lucy Corin’s One Hundred Apocalypses and Other Apocalypses, a collection of short and short-short stories, while Christine Simon is intrigued by Will Eaves’s The Absent Therapist, a novel in flashes. Robert Scotellaro enjoys Tara Laskowski’s selection from ten years of the SmokeLong Quarterly, while Ian Seed embraces the longer perspective of Alan Ziegler’s Short, which ranges over five centuries of brief prose. Each review is accompanied by a sample story. Laskowski’s anthology is represented by Jeff Landon’s ‘Five Fat Men in a Hot Tub’, Ziegler’s by Oscar Wilde’s ‘The Artist’. Copies of the magazine are available through the magazine’s website: http://www.chester.ac.uk/flash.magazine
    • Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 8.1 (April 2015)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler, 2015-04)
      The fourteenth issue of Flash, which features new stories from Botswana, Britain, Egypt, France, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Japan, South Africa, Sweden, and the USA. We are pleased to open with four pieces by David Swann, whose Stronger Faster Shorter: Flash Fictions launched our new venture, Flash: The International Short-Short Story Press. For more information about the collection and the Press, please visit Flash’s website. This issue also includes the 2015 winner of the UK’s National Flash Fiction Youth Competition, ‘Hide and Seek’ by Helen Gurr, a talented A-level student at Wirral Grammar School for Girls. The competition was organized by Flash and the Department of English, University of Chester; it was judged by the editors and leading flash author Vanessa Gebbie. ‘Flash Presents’ contains four pieces – ‘The Interview’, ‘The Goat Tetherer Attempts to Make History’, ‘The Shortage at the Petting Zoo’, and ‘Storage’ – from Nick Parker’s acclaimed debut collection The Exploding Boy and Other Tiny Tales (2011). In the ‘Flash Essay’ section, Charlotte Rich connects ‘Kate Chopin’s Very Short Stories’ to the late-nineteenth-century American author’s longer work. Alongside the essay, ‘A Very Fine Fiddle’ is reprinted; in Flash, 7.1, you can read ‘A Harbinger’, ‘Doctor Chevalier’s Lie’, ‘Old Aunt Peggy’, and ‘Ripe Figs’. ‘Flash Reviews’ assesses a rich diversity of texts: three chapbooks (Nuala Ní Chonchúir’s Of Dublin and Other Fictions, William Todd Seabrook’s The Imagination of Lewis Carroll, and Shellie Zacharia’s Not Everything Lovely and Strange Is a Dream); three longer collections (Stuart Dybek’s Ecstatic Cahoots, James Robertson’s 365, and Avital Gad-Cykman’s Life In, Life Out); and a compendium of five novellas-in-flash with accompanying craft essays (My Very End of the Universe, by Tiff Holland, Meg Pokrass, Aaron Teel, Margaret Patton Chapman, and Chris Bower). Copies of the magazine are available through the magazine’s website: http://www.chester.ac.uk/flash.magazine
    • Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 8.2 (October 2015)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler, 2015-10)
      The fifteenth issue of Flash, which features new stories from Australia, Britain, Canada, France, Kenya, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, and the USA. This issue’s ‘Flash Presents’ contains four haunting and humorous pieces – ‘City’, ‘Sale’, ‘Chances’, and ‘The Test’ – from Ian Seed’s mesmerizing Makers of Empty Dreams (2014). (For a review of Seed’s Threadbare Fables (2012), see Flash, 6.1.) ‘Flash Reviews’ opens with Brian Baker’s thoughtful evaluation of a major new anthology, Flash Fiction International, edited by flash luminaries James Thomas, Robert Shapard, and Christopher Merrill. Alyce Cook welcomes Silvina Ocampo’s Thus Were Their Faces, a retrospective selection of stories in translation from an important Argentine writer often overlooked abroad. Holly Howitt, Eileen J. Pollard, and Paul McDonald consider new collections from the USA: Grant Faulkner’s Fissures, Karen Stefano’s The Secret Games of Words, and Paul Beckman’s Peek. Sarah Taylor enjoys Short Christmas Stories, a children’s stocking filler by Britain’s Maggie Pearson. (Pearson’s Short and Shocking! (2002), also for children, was showcased in ‘Flash Presents’ in Flash, 6.1.) Complementing Howitt’s review of Faulkner’s 100-word stories, Beret Olsen assesses Michael A. Kechula’s Micro Fiction, a guide to crafting the drabble. The editors are delighted to announce the publication of Meg Tuite’s Lined Up Like Scars: Flash Fictions. Sassy and incisive, tender yet scalpel-sharp, Lined Up Like Scars is the second in a series of chapbooks published by Flash: The International Short-Short Story Press. It follows our inaugural publication, David Swann’s Stronger Faster Shorter. New stories by both authors appear in this issue. We are also pleased to announce the launch of the International Flash Fiction Association (IFFA). For information about Lined Up Like Scars and the IFFA, please see the ‘Advertisements’ section. To order Press publications or to join the IFFA, please visit our website. Copies of the issue are available through the magazine’s website: http://www.chester.ac.uk/flash.magazine
    • Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 9.1 (April 2016)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler, 2016-04)
      The sixteenth issue of Flash, which features new stories from Argentina, Britain, France, Hungary, and the USA, and boasts many of the world’s leading flash-fiction authors. It also includes the 2016 winner of the UK’s National Flash Fiction Youth Competition, ‘Silver Linings’ by Charlotte Rhodes, a talented A-level student at Winstanley College, Wigan. The competition was organized by Flash and the Department of English, University of Chester; it was judged by the editors and leading flash author and critic Holly Howitt. We are honoured to publish a final piece by the late Ihab Hassan (1925–2015), a brilliant literary critic and flash-fiction author. (Other stories by Hassan appeared in Flash, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2, and 7.2.) In ‘Flash Reviews’, Christine Simon admires the ‘philosophical weight’ of the flashes in influential Brazilian author Clarice Lispector’s first collected short stories in English translation. Tony Williams enjoys Robert Scotellaro’s What We Know So Far, while Alex Tankard reflects on how what she knows affects her reception of Rosie Forrest’s Ghost Box Evolution in Cadillac, Michigan. Other reviewers feast their eyes on two beautifully illustrated collections: Caroline Jones is charmed by Vanessa Gebbie’s Ed’s Wife and Other Creatures, illustrated by Lynn Roberts; and Jude Piesse explores the story wood created by Nik Perring’s Beautiful Trees, illustrated by Miranda Sofroniou. Ian Seed meanwhile scrutinizes the flashes and craft essays in Family Resemblance: An Anthology and Exploration of 8 Hybrid Genres, edited by Marcela Sulak and Jacqueline Kolosov. Copies of the issue are available through the magazine’s website: http://www.chester.ac.uk/flash.magazine
    • Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 9.2 (Oct. 2016)

      Blair, Peter; Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler, 2016-10-01)
    • A Fool lies here who tried to hustle the East: Neo-Colonialism and Self-Fashioning in Hunter S. Thompson’s The Curse of Lono

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2011-03-10)
      This essay departs from the critical consensus on The Curse of Lono (1983) to argue that it forms an important part of Hunter S. Thompson’s oeuvre and shows significant developments from his celebrated 1970s work. The novel functions politically as a critique of late twentieth-century US neo-colonialism and thus anticipates the current globalization debate, at the same time as wrestling with the connected problem of its author’s acknowledged status as a celebrity or branded American product. The Curse of Lono’s complex structure of interwoven extracts from Thompson’s research sources, as well as Ralph Steadman’s drawings, reduces the importance of the central subjective voice that Thompson had employed since his 1970s books, enabling the novel to comment ironically on the notorious Gonzo persona in which, thanks to the very success of his earlier work, Thompson had become trapped, and on which he still depended commercially (I refer here to Michel Foucault’s concept of the author-function). The Curse of Lono mocks its Gonzo protagonist as both a tourist and a buffoon: it comments on the subjectivism of Gonzo ironically, pushing celebrity to its ludicrous limit by making the protagonist divine. At the same time, the novel demonstrates how authorship can emerge from the historical forces that fashion culture, such as globalization In order to unpack the satirical content of The Curse of Lono in the detail it deserves, this essay adopts a position broadly aligned with the Marxist stance on globalization that sees it as a term masking Western imperialism and the needs of finance capital: I refer here to the work of David Held, Anthony McGrew, Peter Cox, James Annesley and others.
    • Ford as Poet

      Chantler, Ashley; University of Chester (Routledge, 2018-12-03)
      A 7,000-work study of Ford's poetry, existing scholarship, and suggested new directions.
    • Ford Madox Ford's Parade's End: The First World War, culture, and modernity

      Chantler, Ashley; Hawkes, Rob; University of Chester ; University of Teesside (Rodopi, 2014-01-01)
      Parade’s End is the subject of the fifteen essays here, by both established experts and new scholars. The volume includes groundbreaking work on the psycho-geography of the war in Ford’s novels; on how the war intensifies self-consciousness about performance and sensation; and on the other writers and artists Ford drew upon, and argued with, in producing his post-war masterpiece.
    • The fourteenth-century poll tax returns and the study of English surname distribution

      Parkin, Harry; University of the West of England (Taylor & Francis, 2015-01-22)
      The modern-day distributions of English surnames have been considered in genealogical, historical, and philological research as possible indicators of their origins. However, many centuries have passed since hereditary surnames were first used, and so their distribution today does not necessarily reflect their original spread, misrepresenting their origins. Previously, medieval data with national coverage have not been available for a study of surname distribution but, with the recent publication of the fourteenth century poll tax returns, this has changed. By presenting discrepancies in medieval and 19th-century distributions, it is shown that more recent surname data may not be a suitable guide to surname origins, and can be usefully supplemented by medieval data in order to arrive at more accurate conclusions.
    • Fowles's The French lieutenant's woman

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Continuum, 2007-11-15)
      This book discusses the literary and historical context of the novel; the treatment of gender, sexuality, and social class; reviews of the novel, and the 1981 film adaptation.
    • From 'Identity Papers'

      Seed, Ian (Shearsman, 2016-02-19)
      Excerpt form a series of interrelated prose poems. Six prose poems: 'Discovery', Ramblers', 'Guest', 'Leak', 'Offer', 'Being True'.
    • From Fallen Woman to Businesswoman: The Radical Voices of Elizabeth Gaskell and Margaret Oliphant

      Wynne, Deborah; Baker, Katie (University of Chester, 2018-09-28)
      This thesis demonstrates the ways in which Elizabeth Gaskell and Margaret Oliphant drew upon their domestic identities as wives and mothers to write in radical, yet subtle, ways which had the potential to educate and inform their young female readership. While in the nineteenth century the domestic space was viewed as the rightful place for women, I show how both Gaskell and Oliphant expanded this idea to demonstrate within their novels and short stories the importance of what I term an 'extended domesticity'. This thesis charts how Gaskell and Oliphant educated their young female readers to imagine their lives beyond conventional domesticity. The extended version of domesticity they presented offered space for women of all backgrounds and experiences, including those whose lives did not fit into the Victorian ideal of marriage and maternity, to forge their own identities, educate themselves, and find personal fulfillment. Through examples of female characters from several of Gaskell's and Oliphant's novels and short stories, I explore the ways in which both writers made clear the importance of the domestic space as a tool for women's personal growth. Without providing prescriptive answers or solutions, both authors encouraged their readers to make decisions about their own lives by showing them what was possible when domesticity was extended into a place for education and development. They also pointed to possibilities for women beyond the domestic sphere. In the 'Introduction' to the thesis I outline my argument for Gaskell's and Oliphant's 'radical voices', discussing the range of recent critical approaches, as well as positioning Gaskell and Oliphant in their historical context as nineteenth-century women writers. I explore how the rise of feminism affected their work and consider how their way of communicating ideas in fiction differed from the approach taken by their contemporary, George Eliot. Chapter One discusses in detail Gaskell's and Oliphant's domestic identities and how both authors drew upon these to create an extended domesticity within their novels and short stories. I explore the publishing careers of both women before exploring how they exemplified the importance of educating their young female writers with their work. This chapter also introduces Gaskell's focus on representing female sexuality and Oliphant's interest in exploring the choices available for women in marriage and a career. Central to the chapter is a discussion of how both authors extended the boundaries of the domestic by representing it as a place for women to find recuperation, education, and personal growth. They did this, I argue, via their development of 'radical voices'. In Chapter Two the focus is on Gaskell's representation of the 'fallen' or sexually experienced unmarried woman. Through the close analysis of four of Gaskell's novels – Mary Barton, Ruth, North and South and Wives and Daughters - and two of her short stories – 'Lizzie Leigh' and Cousin Phillis, I demonstrate the evolution of her female characters, all of whom experience their sexuality in different ways. While her earlier young women have little autonomy over their lives, her later female characters are endowed with the ability to make their own decisions and forge their own identities. Gaskell makes clear that sexuality is a natural part of women's lives and that even so-called 'fallen' women should have a place in an extended domestic community or family where they will find room for recuperation and rehabilitation. Chapter Three moves on to discuss Oliphant's representation of 'enterprising' women. These women make choices regarding marriage and maternity, and even have identities in the public sphere as businesswomen. Again, through the close analysis of four of Oliphant's novels – Miss Marjoribanks, Phoebe Junior, Hester and Kirsteen - and two of her short stories – 'A Girl of the Period' and 'Mademoiselle', I demonstrate how Oliphant represented a range of female characters who were enterprising in different ways; from those who did not have careers of their own, yet used their talents in their communities, to those who managed their own businesses and enjoyed identities in the public sphere. The 'Conclusion' sums up the main arguments of the thesis, concluding that for both Gaskell and Oliphant their professional identities were as important as their domestic identities and that their novels and short stories suggest that all women could achieve an assimilation of private and public roles. I suggest that by using their radical, yet subtle voices, Gaskell and Oliphant showed that women could make choices and decisions over their own lives which moved them beyond the realms of conventional domesticity.
    • From image to frame: The filming of The French Lieutenant's woman

      Stephenson, William; University of Chester (Chester Academic Press, 2009-08-22)
      This book chapter discusses the novel, screenplay, and film of the The French Lieutenant's woman in order to examine the roles of the reader, viewer, actors, director, and screenwriter.
    • "From mind to mind": Robert Browning and J.R.R. Tolkien

      Walsh, Chris (Chester Academic Press, 2007-09-10)
      This book discusses parallels between Browning and Tolkien in how they both offered thoughtful perspectives on the human condition.
    • From slash to the mainstream: Female writers and gender blending men

      Woledge, Elizabeth; University of Chester (Kent State University Press, 2005)
      This article discusses fiction written by women, that focuses on male protagonists, representation of whose gender is facilitated by the theme of same sex intimacy. This group of texts forms a clear subset of both mainstream science fiction and fantasy as well as of slash fiction, but by no means accounts for the entire spectrum of any one of these genres.