Impacts of Reducing UK Beef Consumption Using a Revised Sustainable Diets Framework
AuthorsChalmers, Neil; email: email@example.com
Stetkiewicz, Stacia; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sudhakar, Padhmanand; orcid: 0000-0003-1907-4491; email: Padhmanand.Sudhakar@earlham.ac.uk
Osei-Kwasi, Hibbah; orcid: 0000-0001-5084-6213; email: email@example.com
Reynolds, Christian J; orcid: 0000-0002-1073-7394; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe impact of beef consumption on sustainability is a complex and evolving area, as sustainability covers many areas from human nutrient adequacy to ecosystem stability. Three sustainability assessment frameworks have been created to help policy makers unpack the complexities of sustainable food systems and healthy sustainable dietary change. However, none of these frameworks have yet to be applied to a case study or individual policy issue. This paper uses a hybrid version of the sustainability assessment frameworks to investigate the impact of reducing beef consumption (with a concurrent increase in consumption of plant-based foods, with a focus on legumes) on sustainability at a UK level. The aim of this paper is to understand the applicability of these overarching frameworks at the scale of an individual policy. Such an assessment is important, as this application of previously high-level frameworks to individual policies makes it possible to summarise, at a glance, the various co-benefits and trade-offs associated with a given policy, which may be of particular value in terms of stakeholder decision-making. We find that many of the proposed metrics found within the sustainability assessment frameworks are difficult to implement at an individual issue level; however, overall they show that a reduction in beef consumption and an increase in consumption of general plant-based foods, with a focus around legumes production, would be expected to be strongly beneficial in five of the eight overarching measures which were assessed.
CitationSustainability, volume 11, issue 23, page e6863
DescriptionFrom MDPI via Jisc Publications Router
History: accepted 2019-11-29, pub-electronic 2019-12-02
Publication status: Published
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Introducing experiences from African pastoralist communities to cope with climate change risks, hazards and extremes: Fostering poverty reductionFilho, Walter Leal; email: email@example.com; Taddese, Habitamu; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Balehegn, Mulubrhan; email: email@example.com; Nzengya, Daniel; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Debela, Nega; email: Nega.email@example.com; Abayineh, Amare; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Mworozi, Edison; email: email@example.com; Osei, Sampson; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Ayal, Desalegn Y.; email: email@example.com; Nagy, Gustavo J.; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; et al.Abstract Pastoralist communities all over Africa have been facing a variety of social and economic problems, as well as climate risks and hazards for many years. They have also been suffering from climate change and extremes events, along with a variety of weather and climate threats, which pose many challenges to herders. On the one hand, pastoralist communities have little influence on policy decisions; however, on the other hand, they suffer to a significant extent from such policies, which limit their options for sustainable development and poverty alleviation. Also, the socio-cultural legacy of herders, and their role in food security and provision of ecosystem services, as well as their efforts towards climate change adaptation, are little documented, particularly in Eastern and Southern African countries. There is a perceived need for international studies on the risks and impacts of climate change and extreme events on the sustainability of pastoralist communities in Africa, especially in eastern and southern Africa. Based on the need to address this research gap, this paper describes the climate change risks and challenges that climate threats pose to the sustainability and livelihoods of pastoralist communities in eastern and southern Africa. Also, it discusses the extent to which such problems affect their well-being and income. Additionally, the paper reports on the socioeconomic vulnerability indices at country-level. Also, it identifies specific problems pastoralists face, and a variety of climate adaptation strategies to extreme events through field survey among pastoralist communities in a sample of five countries, namely Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The study has shown that the long-term sustainability of the livelihoods of pastoral communities is currently endangered by climate change and the risks and hazards it brings about, which may worsen poverty among this social group. Also, the study suggests that a more systematic and structured approach is needed when assessing the climate vulnerability of individual pastoral communities, since this may help in designing suitable disaster risk reduction strategies. Moreover, the paper shows that it is also necessary to understand better the socio-ecological systems (SES) of the various communities, and how their livelihoods are influenced by the changing conditions imposed by a changing climate.
Brief Engagement and Acceptance Coaching for Community and Hospice Settings (the BEACHeS Study): Protocol for the development and pilot testing of an evidence-based psychological intervention to enhance wellbeing and aid transition into palliative careHulbert-Williams, Nicholas J.; orcid: 0000-0001-9041-5485; email: email@example.com; Norwood, Sabrina; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Gillanders, David; email: email@example.com; Finucane, Anne; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Spiller, Juliet; email: email@example.com; Strachan, Jenny; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Millington, Sue; email: email@example.com; Swash, Brooke; email: firstname.lastname@example.org (BioMed Central, 2019-08-20)Abstract: Background: Cancer affects millions of individuals globally, with a mortality rate of over eight million people annually. Although palliative care is often provided outside of specialist services, many people require, at some point in their illness journey, support from specialist palliative care services, for example, those provided in hospice settings. This transition can be a time of uncertainty and fear, and there is a need for effective interventions to meet the psychological and supportive care needs of people with cancer that cannot be cured. Whilst Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been shown to be effective across diverse health problems, robust evidence for its effectiveness in palliative cancer populations is not extensive. Method: This mixed-methods study uses a single-case experimental design with embedded qualitative interviews to pilot test a novel intervention for this patient group. Between 14 and 20 patients will be recruited from two hospices in England and Scotland. Participants will receive five face-to-face manualised sessions with a psychological therapist. Sessions are structured around teaching core ACT skills (openness, awareness and engagement) as a way to deal effectively with challenges of transition into specialist palliative care services. Outcome measures include cancer-specific quality of life (primary outcome) and distress (secondary outcome), which are assessed alongside measures of psychological flexibility. Daily diary outcome assessments will be taken for key measures, alongside more detailed weekly self-report, through baseline, intervention and 1-month follow-up phases. After follow-up, participants will be invited to take part in a qualitative interview to understand their experience of taking part and acceptability and perceived effectiveness of the intervention and its components. Discussion: This study is the first investigation of using ACT with terminally ill patients at the beginning of their transition into palliative treatment. Using in-depth single-case approaches, we will refine and manualise intervention content by the close of the study for use in follow-up research trials. Our long-term goal is then to test the intervention as delivered by non-psychologist specialist palliative care practitioners thus broadening the potential relevance of the approach. Trial registration: Open Science Framework, 46033. Registered 19 April 2018.
Talent management and the HR function in cross-cultural mergers and acquisitions: The role and impact of bi-cultural identityLiu, Yipeng; email: Y.Liu@Henley.ac.uk; Vrontis, Demetris; email: email@example.com; Visser, Max; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Stokes, Peter; email: email@example.com; Smith, Simon; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Moore, Neil; email: email@example.com; Thrassou, Alkis; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Ashta, AshokAbstract This paper examines bi-cultural talent in relation to human resource management (HRM) practices in cross-cultural merger and acquisitions (M&A). The intersection of HRM, bi-cultural talent management and cross-cultural M&A literature proposes a conceptual framework to capture the complexity of bi-cultural talent management and reveals the dominant macro-characterization of the extant HRM literature focussing on a more micro-orientated perspective. The paper develops a matrix by underlining spatial dimensions (spanning micro-aspects of the individual employee through to the macro-entity of firm and its location in the macro-national cultural context) and temporal dimensions (consisting of pre-merger, during merger and post-merger phases). This provides a template which examines the multi-level dynamics of bi-cultural talent management. The argument identifies ways in which extant cross-cultural lenses require deeper understanding of bi-cultural talent management in M&A settings. Future research directions and agendas are identified.