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dc.contributor.authorFont Palma, Carolina
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-17T00:08:18Z
dc.date.available2019-05-17T00:08:18Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-15
dc.identifier.citationFont-Palma, C. (2019). Methods for the treatment of cattle Manure—A review. C, 5(2), 27. doi:10.3390/c502002en
dc.identifier.issn2311-5629
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/c5020027
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/622274
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental concerns, caused by greenhouse gases released to the atmosphere and overrunning of nutrients and pathogens to water bodies, have led to reducing direct spread onto the land of cattle manure. In addition, this practice can be a source of water and air pollution and toxicity to life by the release of undesirable heavy metals. Looking at the current practices, it is evident that most farms separate solids for recycling purposes, store slurries in large lagoons or use anaerobic digestion to produce biogas. The review explores the potential for cattle manure as an energy source due to its relatively large calorific value (HHV of 8.7–18.7 MJ/kg dry basis). This property is beneficial for thermochemical conversion processes, such as gasification and pyrolysis. This study also reviews the potential for upgrading biogas for transportation and heating use. This review discusses current cattle manure management technologies—biological treatment and thermochemical conversion processes—and the diverse physical and chemical properties due to the differences in farm practices.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2311-5629/5/2/27en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectcattle manureen
dc.subjectbeef cattleen
dc.subjectgasificationen
dc.subjectanaerobic digestionen
dc.subjectbiogasen
dc.subjectbiomethaneen
dc.titleMethods for the Treatment of Cattle Manure—A Reviewen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalC-Journal of Carbon Research
dc.date.accepted2019-05-06
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderUnfunded
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUnfunded
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-05-15
refterms.dateFCD2019-07-05T14:16:36Z
refterms.versionFCDVoR
refterms.dateFOA2019-05-17T00:08:18Z


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